Nova Scotia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nova Scotia

Nouvelle-Écosse (French)
Flag of Nova Scotia
Flag
Coat of arms of Nova Scotia
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
(Latin: One defends and the other conquers)
Map of Canada with Nova Scotia highlighted
Map of Canada with Nova Scotia highlighted
ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with ON, QC, NB)
CapitalHalifax
Largest metroHalifax
Government
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant GovernorJohn James Grant
 • PremierStephen McNeil (Nova Scotia Liberal Party)
LegislatureNova Scotia House of Assembly
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats11 of 338 (3.3%)
Senate seats10 of 105 (9.5%)
Area
 • Total55,283 km2 (21,345 sq mi)
 • Land53,338 km2 (20,594 sq mi)
 • Water2,599 km2 (1,003 sq mi)  4.7%
Area rankRanked 12th
 0.6% of Canada
Population
(2011)
 • Total921,727 [1]
 • RankRanked 7th
 • Density17.28/km2 (44.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nova Scotian
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
GDP
 • Rank7th
 • Total (2011)C$40.225 billion[2]
 • Per capitaC$42,640 (12th)
Time zoneAtlantic: UTC-4
Postal abbr.
NS
Postal code prefixB
ISO 3166 codeCA-NS
Flower
Trailing arbutus 2006.jpg
  Mayflower
Tree
Picea rubens cone.jpg
  Red spruce
Bird
OspreyNASA.jpg
  Osprey
Websitewww.gov.ns.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Nova Scotia is a small province found on the east coast of Canada. The name "Nova Scotia" is Latin for "New Scotland". The capital and biggest city is Halifax.

People who live in Nova Scotia are called Nova Scotians. Right now, there are over 900,000 of them; many of whom do not live in large cities or towns, but villages, where few people live.

What is now called "Nova Scotia" used to be controlled by the Mik'maq Indians. The French settled among them at Port Royal after 1600, and called the land part of Acadia, with Port Royal as its capital. In 1710, after a war, the British captured Port Royal and went on to capture the rest of the peninsula. It was the first time that the British had captured and held a French colony.

Nova Scotia's government is a democracy. Stephen McNeil is the premier and John James Grant is the lieutenant governor.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statcan.gc.ca. January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  2. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2013)". Statistics Canada. November 5, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2015.