Nova Scotia

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Nova Scotia
Nouvelle-Écosse (French)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
(Latin: One defends and the other conquers)
Capital Halifax
Largest metro Halifax
Official languages English (de facto)
Demonym Nova Scotian
Government
Type Constitutional monarchy
Lieutenant Governor John James Grant
Premier Stephen McNeil (Nova Scotia Liberal Party)
Legislature Nova Scotia House of Assembly
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 11 of 308 (3.6%)
Senate seats 10 of 105 (9.5%)
Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st, with ON, QC, NB)
Area  Ranked 12th
Total 55,283 km2 (21,345 sq mi)
Land 53,338 km2 (20,594 sq mi)
Water (%) 2,599 km2 (1,003 sq mi) (4.7%)
Proportion of Canada 0.6% of 9,984,670 km2
Population  Ranked 7th
Total (2011) 921,727 [1]
Density (2011) 17.28 /km2 (44.8 /sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 7th
Total (2011) C$37.015 billion[2]
Per capita C$39,025 (11th)
Abbreviations
Postal NS
ISO 3166-2 CA-NS
Time zone Atlantic: UTC-4
Postal code prefix B
Flower
Trailing arbutus 2006.jpg
  Mayflower
Tree
Picea rubens cone.jpg
  Red spruce
Bird
OspreyNASA.jpg
  Osprey
Website www.gov.ns.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Nova Scotia is a small province found on the east coast of Canada. The capital and biggest city of Nova Scotia is Halifax. Right now, over 900,000 people live in Nova Scotia, which is about the same number of people who live in Calgary, Alberta. People who live in Nova Scotia are called Nova Scotians.

Many people in Nova Scotia do not live in large cities or towns, but villages, where few people live.

Nova Scotia's government is a democracy. Stephen McNeil is the premier and John James Grant is the lieutenant governor.

What is now called "Nova Scotia" used to be controlled by the Micmac Indians. The French settled among them at Port Royal after 1600, and called the land part of Acadia. In 1710 in a war between Britain and France, the British captured Port Royal, Acadia's capital, and went on to capture all of the peninsula. It was the first time that the British had captured and held a French colony.

The name "Nova Scotia" is Latin for "New Scotland".

References[change | change source]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2011census.
  2. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2011)". Statistics Canada. November 19, 2013. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/econ15-eng.htm. Retrieved September 26, 2013.