Prince Edward Island

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Prince Edward Island

Île-du-Prince-Édouard  (French)
Epekwitk  (Mi'kmaq)
Eilean a' Phrionnsa  (Scottish Gaelic)
Motto(s): 
Latin: Parva sub ingenti
(The small protected by the great)

(Les petits sous la protection des grands  (French))
Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 63°00′00″W / 46.50000°N 63.00000°W / 46.50000; -63.00000Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 63°00′00″W / 46.50000°N 63.00000°W / 46.50000; -63.00000
CountryCanada
ConfederationJuly 1, 1873 (8th)
CapitalCharlottetown
Largest cityCharlottetown
Largest metroCharlottetown
Government
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • BodyGovernment of Prince Edward Island
 • Lieutenant GovernorAntoinette Perry
 • PremierDennis King (PC)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats4 of 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats4 of 105 (3.8%)
Area
 • Total5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Land5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Area rankRanked 13th
 0.1% of Canada
Population
 (2016)
 • Total142,907 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
159,713 [3]
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density25.25/km2 (65.4/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Prince Edward Islander, Islander PEIer
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[4]
GDP
 • Rank10th
 • Total (2017)6.652 billion
 • Per capitaC$36,740 (13th)
HDI
 • HDI (2018)0.908[5]Very high (5th)
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (Atlantic)
Postal abbr.
PE
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-PE
FlowerPink lady's slipper
TreeRed oak
BirdBlue jay
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Location of Prince Edward Island (in red, inside red circle) in Canada (in white)

Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.

This province is 224 kilometres (139 mi) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.

Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables. It is also important for being the "Birthplace of Confederation", because the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 was in Prince Edward Island.

Government and politics[change | change source]

The government of Prince Edward Island is a parliamentary government, with a constitutial monarchy. The monarch (king or queen) right now is Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the monarch for the rest of Canada. The person who represents the Queen is called the Lieutenant Governor.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  2. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  4. "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  5. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.

Other websites[change | change source]