Prince Edward Island

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Prince Edward Island

Île-du-Prince-Édouard (French)
Latin: Parva sub ingenti
(The small protected by the great)
Map of Canada with Prince Edward Island highlighted
Map of Canada with Prince Edward Island highlighted
ConfederationJuly 1, 1873 (8th)
Largest cityCharlottetown
Largest metroCharlottetown
 • Lieutenant GovernorFrank Lewis
 • PremierDennis King (PC)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats4 of 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats4 of 105 (3.8%)
 • Total5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Land5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Area rankRanked 13th
 0.1% of Canada
 • Total140,204 [2]
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Prince Edward Islander, Islander
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
 • Rank10th
 • Total (2009)C$4.75 billion[3]
 • Per capitaC$31,278 (13th)
Time zoneUTC-4
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixC
ISO 3166 codeCA-PE
FlowerPink Lady's Slipper
TreeRed Oak
BirdBlue Jay
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Location of Prince Edward Island (in red, inside red circle) in Canada (in white)

Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.

This province is 224 km (139 miles) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.

Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables. It is also important for being the "Birthplace of Confederation", because the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 was in Prince Edward Island.

Government and politics[change | change source]

The government of Prince Edward Island is a parliamentary government, with a constitutial monarchy. The monarch (king or queen) right now is Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the monarch for the rest of Canada. The person who represents the Queen is called the Lieutenant Governor.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  3. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". November 4, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]