Saskatchewan

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Saskatchewan
Motto(s): 
Latin: Multis e Gentibus Vires[1]
("Strength from Many Peoples")
Coordinates: 54°00′00″N 106°00′02″W / 54.00000°N 106.00056°W / 54.00000; -106.00056Coordinates: 54°00′00″N 106°00′02″W / 54.00000°N 106.00056°W / 54.00000; -106.00056
CountryCanada
ConfederationSeptember 1, 1905 (split from NWT) (8th/9th, simultaneously with Alberta)
CapitalRegina
Largest citySaskatoon
Largest metroSaskatoon metropolitan area
Government
 • TypeParliamentary constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant governorRussell Mirasty
 • PremierScott Moe (Saskatchewan Party)
LegislatureLegislature of Saskatchewan
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats14 of 338 (4.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
Area
 • Total651,900 km2 (251,700 sq mi)
 • Land591,670 km2 (228,450 sq mi)
 • Water59,366 km2 (22,921 sq mi)  9.1%
Area rankRanked 7th
 6.5% of Canada
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,098,352 [2]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
1,177,884 [3]
 • RankRanked 6th
 • Density1.86/km2 (4.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Saskatchewanian (official),[4]
Official languagesEnglish[source?]
GDP
 • Rank5th
 • Total (2015)CA$79.415 billion[5]
 • Per capitaCA$70,138 (4th)
HDI
 • HDI (2018)0.912[6]Very high (4th)
Time zones
year-round in most areasUTC−06:00 (Central)
Lloydminster and nearby areasUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (Mountain DST)
Postal abbr.
SK
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-SK
FlowerWestern red lily
TreePaper birch
BirdSharp-tailed grouse
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Saskatchewan (/səˈskæəwən, sæ-, -wɒn/ (About this soundlisten); Canadian French: [saskatʃəwan] sas-CAT-chew-on) is a province in Canada. About 1 million people live in Saskatchewan. Most of its population lives in the southern part of the province. The primary industry in Saskatchewan is agriculture (farming).

Saskatchewan is known for its wide horizons. The land is very flat in the south, so you can sometimes see far away. Not all the land is flat prairie. There are beautiful scenic woodlands and forests in the central and northern regions and parklands with lakes for fishing. The province is marked by and named after the North and South Saskatchewan rivers that run through it. The province is nicknamed The Land of Living Skies.

History[change | change source]

Saskatchewan was founded on September 1, 1905, the same date that Alberta was founded. The province's colors are gold, red, green, white, brown, yellow, and black. Gold for the wheat, red for the Prairie Lily which is the provincial flower, green for the forests, white for the snow, brown for the fresh cut fields, yellow for the canola and sunflowers, and black for the coal and oil.

Geography[change | change source]

The largest city in Saskatchewan is Saskatoon, followed by the province's capital, Regina. Saskatchewan is (approximately) a quadrilateral (four-sided object) bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the American states of Montana and North Dakota.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Emblems of Saskatchewan". Government of Saskatchewan. Archived from the original on March 17, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 2, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  4. Saskatchewanian is the prevalent demonym, and is used by the Government of Saskatchewan. According to the Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage (ISBN 0-19-541619-8; p. 335), Saskatchewaner is also in use.
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2015)". Statistics Canada. November 9, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.