New Brunswick

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New Brunswick

Nouveau-Brunswick  (French)
Motto(s): 
Latin: Spem reduxit[1]
("Hope restored")
Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 66°00′00″W / 46.50000°N 66.00000°W / 46.50000; -66.00000Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 66°00′00″W / 46.50000°N 66.00000°W / 46.50000; -66.00000
CountryCanada
ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia)
CapitalFredericton
Largest cityMoncton
Largest metroGreater Moncton
Government
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • BodyGovernment of New Brunswick
 • Lieutenant GovernorBrenda Murphy
 • PremierBlaine Higgs (Progressive Conservatives)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of New Brunswick
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats10 of 338 (3%)
Senate seats10 of 105 (9.5%)
Area
 • Total72,907 km2 (28,150 sq mi)
 • Land71,450 km2 (27,590 sq mi)
 • Water1,458 km2 (563 sq mi)  2%
Area rankRanked 11th
 0.7% of Canada
Population
 (2016)
 • Total747,101 [2]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
781,315 [3]
 • RankRanked 8th
 • Density10.46/km2 (27.1/sq mi)
Demonym(s)New Brunswicker
FR: Néo-Brunswickois(e)
Official languages[4]
GDP
 • Rank9th
 • Total (2017)C$36.088 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$42,606 (11th)
HDI
 • HDI (2018)0.889[6]Very high (12th)
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (Atlantic)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-03:00 (Atlantic DST)
Postal abbr.
NB
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-NB
FlowerPurple violet
TreeBalsam fir
BirdBlack-capped chickadee
Rankings include all provinces and territories

New Brunswick (postal abbreviation NB) is a province in the eastern part of Canada. The capital city of New Brunswick is Fredericton. Other large cities are Saint John and Moncton. More than 750,000 people live in New Brunswick.

The province is bordered by Quebec in the west, Nova Scotia in the east and the American state of Maine in the south. There is a link to Prince Edward Island also.

The English and French languages are both spoken in New Brunswick, and it is the only province in Canada where both languages are official. This is because about 33% of the people living in New Brunswick speak French.

Some industries including forestry, mining, and farming are important to the province, and especially fishing since it is near the Atlantic Ocean.

References[change | change source]

  1. Ann Gorman Condon. "Winslow Papers >> Ann Gorman Condon >> The New Province: Spem Reduxit". University of New Brunswick. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statcan.gc.ca. February 8, 2012. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Archived from the original on June 19, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "My Linguistic Rights". Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages for New Brunswick. Retrieved March 7, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Statistics Canada (11 September 2019). "Table: 36-10-0222-01 Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, provincial and territorial, annual (x 1,000,000)". Retrieved 11 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.

Other websites[change | change source]