Manitoba

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Manitoba
A red flag with a large Union Jack in the upper left corner and a shield, consisting of St. George's Cross over a left-facing bison standing on a rock, on the right side
Flag
A central shield showing a bison standing on a rock, under a St George's Cross. On top of the shield sits a helmet decorated with a red and white billowing veil. On top of the helmet sits a beaver with a crown on its back, holding a prairie crocus. To the right of the shield is a rearing white unicorn wearing a collar of white and green maple leaves, from which hangs a green cart-wheel pendant. To the left of the shield is a rearing white horse wearing a collar of Indian beadwork, from which hangs a green cycle of life medallion. The animals and shield stand on a mound, with a wheat field beneath the unicorn, prairie crocuses beneath the shield, and spruces beneath the horse. Beneath the mound are white and blue waves, under which is an orange scroll bearing the words "GLORIOSUS ET LIBER"
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Latin: Gloriosus et Liber
"Glorious and free"
"Glorieux et libre"  (French)
Confederation15 July 1870 (5th)
CapitalWinnipeg
Largest cityWinnipeg
Largest metroWinnipeg Capital Region
Government
 • Lieutenant GovernorJanice Filmon
 • PremierBrian Pallister (Progressive Conservative)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Manitoba
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats14 of 338 (4.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
Area
 • Total649,950 km2 (250,950 sq mi)
 • Land548,360 km2 (211,720 sq mi)
 • Water101,593 km2 (39,225 sq mi)  15.6%
Area rankRanked 8th
 6.5% of Canada
Population
 • Total1,278,365 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2018 Q3)
1,352,154 [2]
 • RankRanked 5th
 • Density2.33/km2 (6.0/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Manitoban
Official languagesEnglish[3]
GDP
 • Rank6th
 • Total (2015)C$65.862 billion[4]
 • Per capitaC$50,820 (9th)
Time zoneCentral: UTC–6, (DST −5)
Postal abbr.
MB
Postal code prefixR
ISO 3166 codeCA-MB
FlowerPrairie crocus
TreeWhite spruce
BirdGreat grey owl
Websitewww.manitoba.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Manitoba is a province of Canada. It lies roughly in the centre of Canada.

Manitoba is the 6th largest province with 647,797 km² area. It has the fifth largest number of people, with 1,150,000 in 2001. People from Manitoba are called "Manitobans".

Government[change | change source]

The capital of Manitoba is the City of Winnipeg. Other big cities in Manitoba include Steinbach and Brandon.

The people of Manitoba elected a legislature. The leader of the government, who is called the Premier, is the leader of the largest party in the legislature. There is also a Lieutenant Governor, who represents the Queen. Right now, the premier of Manitoba is Greg Selinger and the Lieutenant Governor is Philip S. Lee.

The main political parties in Manitoba are the New Democratic Party, the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba, and the Liberal Party.

History[change | change source]

People have been living in Manitoba for thousands of years. Both the Hudson's Bay Company from England and many people from France moved to Manitoba during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. It became part of the Northwest Territories in 1869. The Red River Rebellion, which was started by Louis Riel, began in Manitoba.

Manitoba became part of Canada on 12 May 1870. It included only the southern part which is nearest to the United States. But parts of the Northwest Territories were added to Manitoba later on.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2 February 2017. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  2. "Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. 28 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  3. University of Ottawa. The legal context of Canada's official languages [archived 21 December 2016; cited 10 April 2016].
  4. Statistics Canada. Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2015); 9 November 2016 [archived 16 October 2012; cited 26 January 2017].