Cree language

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Native toCanada; United States (Montana)
Native speakers
120,000 (2006 census)[1]
(including MontagnaisNaskapi and Atikamekw)
Latin, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics (Cree)
Official status
Official language in
Northwest Territories[2]
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1cr
ISO 639-2cre
ISO 639-3creinclusive code
Individual codes:
crk – Plains Cree
cwd – Woods Cree
csw – Swampy Cree
crm – Moose Cree
crl – Northern East Cree
crj – Southern East Cree
nsk – Naskapi
moe – Montagnais
atj – Atikamekw
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Cree /ˈkr/[4] (also known as Cree–MontagnaisNaskapi) is an Algonquian language spoken by about 117,000 people across Canada from the Northwest Territories and Alberta to Labrador.[1] This makes it the aboriginal language with the highest number of speakers in Canada.[1] Despite having a large number of speakers within this wide-ranging area, the only region where Cree has any official status is in the Northwest Territories. This is along with eight other official aboriginal languages.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Statistics Canada: 2006 Census
  2. Official Languages of the Northwest Territories (map)
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh