John A. Macdonald
|The Right Honourable
Sir John Alexander Macdonald
Macdonald in 1868.
|1st Prime Minister of Canada|
July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873
|Succeeded by||Alexander Mackenzie|
October 17, 1878 – June 6, 1891
|Preceded by||Alexander Mackenzie|
|Succeeded by||John Abbott|
|Born||January 11, 1899
|Spouse(s)||Isabella Clark (1st wife)
Agnes Bernard (2nd wife)
|Children||John Alexander (died in infancy) and Hugh John by Isabella;
Mary by Agnes.
|Alma mater||none (articled with a lawyer in Kingston)|
|Religion||Presbyterian; later Anglican|
Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, KCMG, PC, PC (Can), (January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada and was a very important person in Canadian Confederation, which happened on July 1, 1867. Macdonald was in office from 1867 to 1873 and again from 1878 to 1891, making him the second longest-serving Prime Minister of Canada and the only one to win six majority governments.
One of the things Sir John A. Macdonald wanted to do was to build a transcontinental railway that would link Canada from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. That railway, called the Canadian Pacific Railway, was completed in 1885.
Other websites[change | change source]
- "Macdonald-Biography-First Among Equals". Libraries and Archives Canada. http://www.collectionscanada.ca/primeministers/h4-3031-e.html.
- "Sir John A. Macdonald: Father of Confederation". City of Kingston. http://www.cityofkingston.ca/sirj.asp.
- "John A. Macdonald's Kingston". Kingston Historical Society. http://www.kingstonhistoricalsociety.ca/jam/jamkingston.html.
- The Canadian Museum of Civilization - Face-to-Face - The Canadian Personalities Hall
- John A. Macdonald: Architect of Modern Canada
- John A. Macdonald, Confederation and Canadian Federalism
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- "Sir John A. Macdonald, Freemason"
- Synopsis of federal political experience from the Library of Parliament
- Image of The Jamaica with Sir and Lady Macdonald aboard
- John Macdonald's Gravesite
- Correspondence of Sir John Macdonald; selections from the correspondence of the Right Honorable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada, made by his literary executor Sir Joseph Pope (1921)
- "Macdonald, Sir John Alexander". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0004867.
- Dictionary of Canadian Biography article by J. K. Johnson and P. B. Waite
- The John A. Macdonald Portal, edited by Alastair Sweeny
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