|मानक हिन्दी Mānak Hindī|
The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script
Significant communities in Nepal
|Native speakers||180 million (1991)
Total, including Urdu: 490 million
|Official language in||India|
|Regulated by||Central Hindi Directorate (India)|
Hindi is widely written, spoken and understood in North India and some other places in India. In 1997, a survey found that 45% of Indians can speak Hindi. The most common form of Hindi is known as Hindustani. It has taken words from the Dravidian languages of South India, as well as the Persian, Arabic, Turkish, English, and Portuguese languages.[source?] The Hindustani language is almost the same as Urdu, the official language of Pakistan; the main difference is that Urdu is written in the Arabic alphabet. Hindi and Urdu were considered the same language until Pakistan split away from India. However, to this day, both languages are mutually intelligible, meaning that speakers of two different languages can understand each other without knowing the other language.
Dialects of Hindi include: Avadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli, Chhattisgarhi, Dogri and Marwari.
Hindi Diwas is an annual celebration on 14th September. It commemorates the law of 1949 that made Hindi the legal language of the Republic.
References[change | change source]
- Ethnologue, "Hindi"
- BBC: A Guide to Urdu
- Hindustani (2005). Keith Brown, ed. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
- Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction
- "What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?" (in en). WorldAtlas. http://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-languages-are-spoken-in-pakistan.html.
- "Hindi Diwas". Educational. 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2017-09-03.