|मानक हिन्दी Mānak Hindī|
The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script
Significant communities in South Africa, Nepal
|Native speakers||180 million (1991)
Total, including Urdu: 490 million
|Official language in||India|
|Regulated by||Central Hindi Directorate (India)|
Hindi is widely written, spoken and understood in North India and most other places in India. In 1997, a survey found that 66% of Indians can speak Hindi. The most common form of Hindi is known as Hindustani. It has taken words from the Dravidian languages of South India, as well as the Persian, Arabic, Turkish, English, and Portuguese languages.[source?] The Hindustani language is almost the same as Urdu, the most commonly spoken language in Pakistan; the difference is that Urdu is written in the Arabic alphabet. Hindi and Urdu were considered the same language until Pakistan split away from India. However, to this day, both languages are mutually intelligible, meaning that speakers of two different languages can understand each other without knowing the other language.
Dialects of Hindi include: Avadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli, Chhattisgarhi, Dogri and Marwari.
Hindi is also spoken with regional accents like Haryanvi, Rajasthani, and Bengali. In the past few years a new Hindi language (with unwritten grammar) has emerged from Mumbai. It is being spread by Hindi films. It is becoming very popular with the younger generation.[source?]