Maithili language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Maithili
मैथिली, মৈথিলী
Maithili.svg
Native to India, Madhesh and Nepal
Region Northern Bihar, Madhesh,Nepal
Ethnicity Maithil
Native speakers
30 million (2000–2001)[1]
Dialects
  • Central (Sotipura)
  • Western
  • Khortha (Eastern)
  • Dehati
  • Jolaha
  • Kisan
  • Southern
  • Thetiya
Tirhuta (Mithilakshar)
Kaithi (Maithili style)
Devanagari
Official status
Official language in
   Nepal Interim Constitution 2007
India 8th schedule of Constitution of India, Bihar
Language codes
ISO 639-2 mai
ISO 639-3 mai
Glottolog mait1250[2]

Maithili (Nepali: मैथिली; /ˈmt[invalid input: 'ɨ']li/;[3] Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is spoken in Nepal and northern India. It is spoken by 34.7 million people. Of those, 2.8 million are Nepalese people. It is the second largest national language of Nepal.[4] In ancient times, Maithili language was written in Mithilakshar.[5] Now it is written in Devanagari script.

References[change | change source]

  1. Maithili at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Maithili". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. "Maithili". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  4. Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  5. Yadava, Y. P. (2013). Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal. Nepalese Linguistics 28: 262–274.