Maithili language

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Maithili
मैथिली, মৈথিলী
Maithili.svg
Native to India, Madhesh and Nepal
Region Northern Bihar, Madhesh,Nepal
Ethnicity Maithil
Native speakers 30 million  (2000–2001)[1]
Language family
Dialects
Central (Sotipura)
Western
Khortha (Eastern)
Dehati
Jolaha
Kisan
Southern
Thetiya
Writing system Tirhuta (Mithilakshar)
Kaithi (Maithili style)
Devanagari
Official status
Official language in  Nepal Interim Constitution 2007
India 8th schedule of Constitution of India, Bihar
Language codes
ISO 639-2 mai
ISO 639-3 mai

Maithili (Nepali: मैथिली; /ˈmtɨli/;[2] Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is spoken in Nepal and northern India. It is spoken by 34.7 million people. Of those, 2.8 million are Nepalese people. It is the second largest national language of Nepal.[3] In ancient times, Maithili language was written in Mithilakshar.[4] Now it is written in Devanagari script.

References[change | change source]

  1. Maithili at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. "Maithili". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  3. Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  4. Yadava, Y. P. (2013). Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal. Nepalese Linguistics 28: 262–274.