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संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam
The word Sanskrit (संस्कृतम्) written in Sanskrit. Displayed in the Sarai font for Devanagari.
The word Sanskrit (संस्कृतम्) written in Devanagari.
Region Greater India
Native speakers 14,000[1]  (2001)
Language family
Writing system No native script.[2]
Written in Devanagari, various Brāhmī-based alphabets, Thai in vocabularies, and Latin script
Official status
Official language in  India, Uttarakhand
one of the 22 scheduled languages of India
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sa
ISO 639-2 san
ISO 639-3 san
A Sanskrit script

Sanskrit is an ancient Indian language. It is the sacred language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Today, about 14,000 people in India use it as their daily language.[1] It is one of the 22 official languages of India,[3] and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.[4]

Sanscrit is a standardized dialect of Old Indo-Aryan. Its linguistic ancestry can be traced back to Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. The main script used to write Sanskrit is Devanāgarī.

Sanskrit spread with the Aryan conquest of India in the 1500's BC, when chariot-riding tribesmen called the Aryans attacked and conquered India, where they spread their language, Sanskrit, and their religion, Hinduism, along with its original sacred text, the Rig Veda.

William Jones, who was working as a judge in India at the time, was studying Sanskrit when he realized how similar Sanskrit was to Latin and Greek. It was then when he would discover the relationship among the Indo-European languages.

References[change | change source]