The word Sanskrit (संस्कृतम्) written in Devanagari.
|Native speakers||14,000 (2001)|
|Writing system||No native script.
Written in Devanagari, various Brāhmī-based alphabets, Thai in vocabularies, and Latin script
|Official language in|| India, Uttarakhand
one of the 22 scheduled languages of India
Sanskrit is an ancient Indian language. It is the sacred language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Today, about 14,000 people in India use it as their daily language. It is one of the 22 official languages of India, and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.
Sanscrit is a standardized dialect of Old Indo-Aryan. Its linguistic ancestry can be traced back to Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. The main script used to write Sanskrit is Devanāgarī.
Sanskrit spread with the Aryan conquest of India in the 1500's BC, when chariot-riding tribesmen called the Aryans attacked and conquered India, where they spread their language, Sanskrit, and their religion, Hinduism, along with its original sacred text, the Rig Veda.
William Jones, who was working as a judge in India at the time, was studying Sanskrit when he realized how similar Sanskrit was to Latin and Greek. It was then when he would discover the relationship among the Indo-European languages.
References[change | change source]
- "Comparative speaker's strength of scheduled languages − 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001". Census of India, 2001. Office of the Registrar and Census Commissioner, India. http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/Statement5.htm. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- Banerji, Suresh (1971). A companion to Sanskrit literature: spanning a period of over three thousand years, containing brief accounts of authors, works, characters, technical terms, geographical names, myths, legends, and twelve appendices. p. 672. ISBN 978-81-208-0063-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=JkOAEdIsdUs.
- "Indian Constitution Art.344(1) & Art.345". Web.archive.org. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 4 October 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071004031805/http://india.gov.in/govt/documents/english/7thSch-AppV_219-280.pdf. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
- "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand – The Hindustan Times". Hindustantimes.com. 19 January 2010. http://www.hindustantimes.com/Sanskrit-is-second-official-language-in-Uttarakhand/Article1-499467.aspx. Retrieved 2012-04-05.