Fiji

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Republic of Fiji
  • Matanitu Tugalala o Viti  (Fijian)
  • फ़िजी गणराज्य  (Fiji Hindi)
Coat of arms of Fiji
Coat of arms
Motto: "Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui" (Fijian)
"Fear God and honour the Queen"
Location of Fiji
Capital
and largest city
Suva[1]
18°10′S 178°27′E / 18.167°S 178.450°E / -18.167; 178.450
Official languages[2]
Ethnic groups (2016[3])
Religion (2007[4])
Demonym Fijian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
George Konrote
Frank Bainimarama
Legislature Parliament
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
10 October 1970
• Republic
7 October 1987
Area
• Total
18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi) (151st)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
898,760[5] (161st)
• 2017 census
884,887[6]
• Density
46.4/km2 (120.2/sq mi) (148th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$8.798 billion[7]
• Per capita
$9,777[7]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$4.869 billion[7]
• Per capita
$5,411[7]
Gini (2013) 36.4[8]
medium
HDI (2015) Steady 0.736[9]
high · 91st
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)
Time zone FJT (UTC+12)
• Summer (DST)
FJST[11] (UTC+13[10])
Drives on the left
Calling code +679
ISO 3166 code FJ
Internet TLD .fj
Satellite Image

Fiji is a small country in the Pacific Ocean. It has 322 islands. The most important islands are Vanua Levu and Viti Levu. The capital city of Fiji is Suva, and the city with the most people is Nadi. There are about 844,330 people in Fiji. The official languages of Fiji are Fijian, English and Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu). Fiji is part of the Pacific Rim. About 313000 speak Fiji Hindi.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch and the British explored Fiji.[12] Fiji was a British colony up until 1970; British occupation lasted almost a century.[13] They have many forest, mineral, and fish resources.

Divisions and provinces[change | change source]

Map of the divisions of Fiji.

Fiji is divided into Four Major Divisions:

These divisions are divided into 14 provinces:

Cities[change | change source]

Incorporated towns[change | change source]

Fijian law defines "towns" as urbanized areas incorporated as municipal bodies, governed by Town Councils.

Unincorporated towns[change | change source]

The following localities are urbanized, but have not been municipally organized.

Tourism[change | change source]

Bounty Island

Fiji has a lot of tourism and many people go to the Nadi and Denarau islands.[14] Most visitors are from Australia, New Zealand and the USA.[15] Fiji has many soft coral reefs. Scuba diving is a common tourist activity.[14] More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which provides more tourism opportunities.[14]

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Although Suva is the largest population center that is classified as a "city", the town of Nasinu has a population that is slightly higher than Suva's. See "Age, Sex and Marital Status by Urban and Rural Enumeration, Fiji 2007". statsfiji.gov.fj. Fiji Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  2. "Constitution of the Republic of Fiji". fiji.gov.fj. The Fijian Government. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Subsection 3(3) reads: "This Constitution is to be adopted in the English language and translations in the iTaukei and Hindi languages are to be made available." Subsection 31(3) clarifies that Fiji Hindi is the intended meaning of "Hindi".
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Factbook-Fiji. ().
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2007 Census – Religion. ().
  5. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  6. Fiji Bureau of Statistics (5 January 2018). "2017 Population and Housing Census – Release 1". Census 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Fiji". International Monetary Fund.
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  10. "Fiji Reignites Daylight Saving Time on November 29". timeanddate.com. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  11. "FJST – Fiji Summer Time". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  12. "Fiji: History". infoplease.com. 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  13. "Tourism Fiji : A Social, Political and Environmental Case Study" (PDF). tamu.edu. 2007. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Fiji Travel Information and Travel Guide. Lonely Planet. Retrieved April 2010. Archived 8 November 2009 at WebCite
  15. "Arrivals information" Bureau of Statistics.