|ہندوستانی • हिन्दुस्तानी|
|Native to||Pakistan, India. Various based on religion.|
Second language: 165 million (1999)
Total: 490 million (2006)
|Perso-Arabic (Urdu alphabet)|
Devanagari (Hindi and Urdu alphabets)
Bharati Braille (Hindi and Urdu)
Official language in
| Pakistan (as Urdu)|
India (as Hindi and Urdu)
|Regulated by||Central Hindi Directorate (Hindi, India), |
National Language Authority, (Urdu, Pakistan);
National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (Urdu, India)
hin – Standard Hindi
urd – Urdu
Hindustani is a language. It is made up of the common parts of Hindi and Urdu. Hindi and Urdu have similar grammar, but somewhat different vocabulary and different scripts. It was born in Punjab during the Ghaznavid Empire with Lahore as it's capital in the early decades of the eleventh century AD.
References[change | change source]
- Standard Hindi: 180 million India (1991). Urdu: 48 million India (1997), 11 million Pakistan (1993). Ethnologue 16.
- 120 million Standard Hindi (1999), 45 million Urdu (1999). Ethnologue 16.
- "BBC: A Guide to Urdu". Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- The Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction Archived 2010-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
- National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language
- "Excerpt: How Urdu began". Dawn News.