Hindustani language

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Hindustani
Hindi-Urdu
हिन्दुस्तानी   •   ہندوستانی
Hindustani0804.PNG
Native to India, Pakistan. Various countries through immigration.
Native speakers
240 million[1]
Second language: 165 million (1999)[2]
Total: 490 million (2006)[3]
Standard forms
Dialects
Perso-Arabic (Urdu alphabet)
Devanagari (Hindi and Urdu alphabets)
Bharati Braille (Hindi and Urdu)
Kaithi (historical)
Official status
Official language in
 India (as Hindi and Urdu)
 Pakistan (as Urdu)
Regulated by Central Hindi Directorate (Hindi, India),[4]
National Language Authority, (Urdu, Pakistan);
National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (Urdu, India)[5]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 hi, ur
ISO 639-2 hin, urd
ISO 639-3 Either:
hin – Standard Hindi
urd – Urdu
Linguasphere 59-AAF-qa to -qf

Hindustani is a language. It is made up of the common parts of Hindi and Urdu. Hindi and Urdu have almost the same grammar. They also have many words in common.

References[change | change source]

  1. Standard Hindi: 180 million India (1991). Urdu: 48 million India (1997), 11 million Pakistan (1993). Ethnologue 16.
  2. 120 million Standard Hindi (1999), 45 million Urdu (1999). Ethnologue 16.
  3. BBC: A Guide to Urdu
  4. The Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction
  5. National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language