Ghaznavid Empire

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ghaznavid Empire
Gaznevîyyûn
غزنويون
غزنویان
963–1186
Flag of Ghaznavid
GhaznavidFlag attributed.svg
Flag
TE-Gazne devleti (1030).svg
CapitalGhazni
Common languages
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
Sultan 
History 
• Established
963
• Disestablished
1186
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Saffarid dynasty
Samanid dynasty
Ghurid dynasty
Seljuk Empire

The Ghaznavid Empire was a Khorāṣānian Turkic Sunni Muslim state, which existed from 975 to 1187. It was centered in Ghazni, a city in present Afghanistan, and ruled much of Persia, Transoxania, and the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. The Ghaznavids are known for laying the foundation of Islamic rule in northern India when they conquered Peshawar and the entire Punjab region including Haryana upto Delhi in the year 1001. Their last outpost of conquest in north india was in Meerut city in Uttar Pradesh.