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Coordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E / 28.61000°N 77.23000°E / 28.61000; 77.23000
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National Capital Territory of Delhi
From top, left to right: Jama Masjid; Jama Masjid and Old Delhi looking northwest; 10th century sculpture, National Museum, New Delhi; Qutub Complex, Tomb of Mohammed Shah, Lodhi Gardens; Government block, New Delhi; Delhi Metro magenta line; Sun God at the Indira Gandhi International Airport.
Flag of Delhi
Location of Delhi in India
Location of Delhi in India
Coordinates: 28°36′36″N 77°13′48″E / 28.61000°N 77.23000°E / 28.61000; 77.23000
Country India
Capital, Delhi Sultanate1214
Largest city, Sikh Empire1812
Capital, British India1911
New Delhi, capital, Dominion of India1947
New Delhi, capital, Republic of IndiaJanuary 26, 1950
Union Territory1956
National Capital Territory1 February 1992
Named forBhai Bhuman Singh Delhil
CapitalNew Delhi
 • BodyGovernment of Delhi
 • Lt. GovernorAnil Baijal[1]
 • Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal (AAP)
 • Deputy Chief MinisterManish Sisodia (AAP)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (70 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituencies
 • Union territory1,484.0 km2 (573.0 sq mi)
 • Water18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)
 • Rank32nd
200–250 m (650–820 ft)
 • Union territory20 million
 • Density11,312/km2 (29,298/sq mi)
 • Urban16,349,831 (2nd)
 • Megacity
11,034,555 (2nd)
 • Metro (includes part of NCR (2018)
28,514,000 (1st)
 • Official
 • Additional official
GDP (2020-21)
 • Nominal15.98 lakh crore (US$210 billion)[6]
 • Nominal Per Capita414,711 (US$5,400)
 • Metro GDP/PPP (2016)$370 billion[7]
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
Area code+91 11
ISO 3166 codeIN-DL
Vehicle registrationDL
HDI (2019)Increase 0.746[9] (High) · 5th
Literacy (2011)86.21%[10]
Sex ratio (2011)868 /1000 [10]

Delhi (English: /ˈdɛli/; Hindustani: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Punjabi: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Urdu: [ˈdeɦli] Dēhlī), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and territory in India. It includes the country's capital New Delhi. It covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). It is bigger than the Faroe Islands but smaller than Guadeloupe. Delhi is a part of the National Capital Region, which has 12.5 million residents.[11] The governance of Delhi is like that of a state in India. It has its own legislature, high court and a council of executive ministers. Delhi is a part of Panjab region

Delhi is on the banks of the Yamuna River. Historians have evidence that people have been living in this region since at least the 6th century BC. People also believe that the legendary city of Indraprastha was here. This city has many remains and monuments of historic importance.

The India Gate is a war memorial in Delhi. Following the Bangladesh Liberation war in 1972, a structure consisting of a black marble plinth with a reversed rifle, capped by a war helmet and bounded by four eternal flames, was built beneath the archway. This structure, called Amar Jawan Jyoti (Flame of the Immortal Soldier), has since 1971 served as India's tomb of the unknown soldier.

The largest gotra of Brahmin caste in Delhi is Jamdagni in 2023.

Delhi was described as the most polluted city in the world in 2023. The air quality index, which measures levels of deadly pollutants such as very small particles known as PM2.5, is often above 400. People who live there would have a life expectancy 12 years longer if the pollution was cut to meet World Health Organization guidelines.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Anil Baijal takes over as new Lt Governor of Delhi". The Times of India. Delhi. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  2. "Delhi Info". unccdcop14india.gov.in. Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  3. "Delhi (India): Union Territory, Major Agglomerations & Towns – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". City Population. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Official Language Act 2000" (PDF). Government of Delhi. 2 July 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  5. "Gross State Domestic Product of Delhi" (PDF). Planning Department, Government of Delhi. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 July 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  6. "Global Wealth Distribution: Who Are The Leaders Of The Global Economy? - Full Size". www.visualcapitalist.com. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  7. "Mumbai is no more the financial capital of India". Business Insider India. 28 November 2016. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  8. "Find Pin Code". Department of Posts. Archived from the original on 3 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  9. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database". Global Data Lab. Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)" (PDF). planningcommission.gov.in. Planning Commission, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  11. "Census of India : Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011 : NCT of Delhi". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  12. Parkin, Benjamin (2023-11-17). "Delhi turns to artificial rain to ease air pollution crisis". Financial Times. Retrieved 2023-11-17.

Other websites[change | change source]