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Pollution tests in Nigeria

Pollution is when something is added to the environment harmful or poisonous to all living things. Smoke or dust in the air is a type of pollution . Sewage in drinking water is another type of pollution, containing germs]] and viruses. There are 3 kinds of pollution: water pollution, land pollution, and air pollution.

As pollution grows, ways to combat it have grown too. Solar energy and wind energy give people other ways to power their homes. When people use these alternative forms of energy, they put less carbon dioxide into the environment. [1]

Air pollution[change | change source]

Smoke coming out from a chimney is an example of air pollution.

Here are some ways from which air pollution occurs. Air pollution is caused by poisonous gases, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and very small particulates. It is also caused by the smoke and harmful gases released by the fires that make vehicles and factories go. Use of coal, wood and kerosene as fuels for fire also causes air pollution. Air pollution may cause breathing problems such as asthma or other health problems. It also causes diseases like cancer.

Air pollution causes global warming and acid rain, which can lead to unpredictable levels of drought worldwide. This makes it difficult for the living organisms to survive.

Water pollution[change | change source]

Waste from a sewer pipe is an example of water pollution.

Water pollution is the presence of harmful materials in water, such as sewage, dissolved metals, waste from farms, factories and crude oil spilled from oil tankers. The three main substances that pollute water are nitrates from fertilizers, sewage and detergents.

Activities such as bathing and washing clothes near lakes, ponds or rivers add nutrients like nitrate and phosphate into the water bodies.This leads to excessive growth of algae on the surface of water. It blocks the penetration of sunlight and air, thus reducing oxygen.

It causes harm to organisms living in water and can also harm people's health. In extreme cases it may cause problems such as cancer.[2]

Noise pollution[change | change source]

A sample of noise pollution

Noise pollution also known as sound pollution which is harmful to the brain and hearing of all animals and humans. This includes the sound of vehicles, loud speakers, airplanes, jets, train horns etc. Noise pollution can cause ear problems or even permanent deafness, especially to older people. It causes brain related problems too.

Land pollution or Soil pollution[change | change source]

Soil pollution (also known as land pollution) is caused when man-made chemicals, such as hydrocarbons, heavy metals, solvents, get into the soil.These chemicals come from industrial activities and from waste disposal in leaky landfills. Soil pollution may cause health risks. The chemicals can produce harmful vapours, or they can contaminate water supplies underneath the polluted soil.

Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans. It takes thousands of years to dissolve or mix in earth.

Thermal pollution[change | change source]

A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power stations and industrial manufacturers. This puts back warm water, and so raises the temperature and decreases the oxygen content of the water.

Reference[change | change source]

  1. "United States Environmental Protection Agency". Greenhouse Gas Emissions. 6/10/2016. Retrieved 6/15/2016.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  2. Spill in China underlines environmental concerns March 2, 2013 The New York Times