Tamil Nadu

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Tamil Nadu
தமிழ்நாடு
State of India
Official seal of Tamil Nadu
Location of Tamil Nadu in the Republic of India
Location of Tamil Nadu in the Republic of India
Map of Tamil Nadu
Map of Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 11°N 78°E / 11°N 78°E / 11; 78Coordinates: 11°N 78°E / 11°N 78°E / 11; 78
Country India
RegionSouth India
Government
 • LegislatureUnicameral
Area
 • Total129,966 km2 (50,180 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total76.4 Million
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Official languagesTamil · English

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு) is a state in the South of Indian Union. The capital of this state is Chennai. Other large cities in Tamil Nadu include Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Thanjavur and Thoothukudi. Tamil is the language spoken in Tamil Nadu. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. A small part of Tamil Nadu borders the Arabian Sea to the west. It borders the Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. The Tamilians are very proud of their language and heritage. In traditional Indian geography, it is part of the South Indian zone.

The current chief minister of the state is M. K. Stalin. He is the leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), a political party. The leader of the opposition is Edappadi K. Palaniswami. He belongs to the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIDMK), another political party. These two Dravidian parties have been in power alternately in Tamil Nadu since 1967.

The eastern and western tips of the state are defined by the Point Calimere and Mudumalai wildlife sanctuaries while the southernmost tip is Kanniya Kumari (also called Cape Comorin) at the tip of the Indian peninsula. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in India, with an area of 129,996 km2 and over 62 million people. The major river is Kaveri, which meets the needs of agriculture. Other important rivers include south Pennar, Palar, Vaigai, Tamira bharani, Manimuthar, Noyyal and Bhavani. Tamil Nadu, a South Indian state, is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples. The three ancient Tamil empires of CheraChola, and Pandya were of ancient origins. In Tamil Nadu, the Neolithic period had its advent around 2500 BCE.

Districts of Tamil Nadu[change | change source]

  1. Chennai
  2. Coimbatore
  3. Salem
  4. Sivaganga
  5. Cuddalore
  6. Thanjavur
  7. Dharmapuri
  8. Nilgiris
  9. Dindigul
  10. Theni
  11. Erode
  12. Ariyalur
  13. Pudukkottai
  14. Tiruppur
  15. Thoothukudi
  16. Kanchipuram
  17. Chengalpattu
  18. Kallakurichi
  19. Tiruchirappalli
  20. Kanyakumari
  21. Tirunelveli
  22. Tenkasi
  23. Karur
  24. Tiruvallur
  25. Krishnagiri
  26. Tiruvannamalai
  27. Madurai
  28. Thiruvarur
  29. Nagapattinam
  30. Vellore
  31. Ranipet
  32. Tirupathur
  33. Namakkal
  34. Viluppuram
  35. Perambalur
  36. Virudhunagar
  37. Ramanathapuram

Provincial symbols of Tamil Nadu[change | change source]

References[change | change source]