Tamil Nadu

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Tamil Nadu

தமிழ்நாடு
State of India
Swamithope Pathi Temple
Swamithope Pathi Temple
Official seal of Tamil Nadu
Seal
A map showing us where the location of Tamil Nadu is in the Republic of India
A map showing us where the location of Tamil Nadu is in the Republic of India
Map of Tamilia
Map of Tamilia
Country India
RegionSouth India
Government
 • LegislatureUnicameral (295* seats)
Area
 • Total129,966 km2 (50,180 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total72,138,999
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Official languagesTamil · English
^* 294 elected, 1 nominated

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு) is one of the states in India. The capital of this state is Chennai. Tamil is the language spoken in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Thanjavur and Thoothukudi are other large cities of Tamil Nadu. It is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Indian Ocean on the south and also by the Arabian Sea in the west for a smaller area. Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are its neighbouring states. The Tamilians are very proud of their language and heritage. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the South Indian zone.

The current chief minister of the state is Edapadi K. Palaniswamy from the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(AIADMK). Its leader of the opposition is M.K.Stalin, who is also the leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(DMK). These two Dravidian parties have been in power alternately in Tamil Nadu, since 1967.

The eastern and western tips of the state are defined by the Point Calimere and Mudumalai wildlife sanctuaries while the southernmost tip is Kanniya Kumari, also called Cape Comorin. The Indian peninsula's southernmost point. With an area of 130,058 km2 and over 62 million people. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in India. The major river is Kaveri which meets the needs of agriculture. The other important rivers are south Pennar, Palar, Vaigai, Tamira bharani, Manimuthar, Noyyal and Bhavani.Tamil Nadu, a South Indian state, is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples.The three ancient Tamil empires of CheraChola, and Pandya were of ancient origins.In Tamil Nadu, the Neolithic period had its advent around 2500 BCE

Districts of Tamil Nadu[change | change source]

  1. Chennai
  2. Coimbatore
  3. Salem
  4. Sivaganga
  5. Cuddalore
  6. Thanjavur
  7. Dharmapuri
  8. Nilgiris
  9. Dindigul
  10. Theni
  11. Erode
  12. Ariyalur
  13. Pudukkottai
  14. Tiruppur
  15. Thoothukudi
  16. Kanchipuram
  17. Chengalpattu
  18. Kallakurichi
  19. Tiruchirappalli
  20. Kanyakumari
  21. Tirunelveli
  22. Tenkasi
  23. Karur
  24. Tiruvallur
  25. Krishnagiri
  26. Tiruvannamalai
  27. Madurai
  28. Thiruvarur
  29. Nagapattinam
  30. Vellore
  31. Ranipet
  32. Tirupathur
  33. Namakkal
  34. Viluppuram
  35. Perambalur
  36. Virudhunagar
  37. Ramanathapuram.

Area and Population[change | change source]

Area 50,180 mi² or 129,966 (km²), it is bigger than North Korea but smaller than Greece

Population 62405679

By Sex

Male 31400909

Female 31004770

By Area

Rural 34921681

Urban 27483998

Density (per km2) 480

Literates 40524545

Provincial symbols of Tamil-Nadu[change | change source]