Island country

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Island countries
Sovereign states and states with limited recognition fully on islands (Australia is regarded a continent): those with land borders shaded green, and those without shaded dark blue

An island country (also sometimes called island nation or borderless country) is a country that is made up only of islands. They are not connected by land to any other nation. Each island only belongs to that country, so there are no borders. Examples of borderless countries are Iceland, Japan and Madagascar.

Many island nations get money from fishing.

List[change | change source]

There are at least 51 island countries in the world, and there are countries that only consist of an island, such as Iceland or Nauru, an archipelago, such as Federated States of Micronesia or Palau, or form part of a larger island, such as Haiti or the Dominican Republic. This list also includes Australia, though a continent, and the 2 constituyent countries of the Kingdom of Denmark (The Faroe Islands and Greenland)

Country ISO-3166 code Area Population Capital Official languages Location
 Antigua and Barbuda ATG 442 km² 90,000 St John's en
 Australia** AUS 7688000 km² 26,600,000 Camberra en
 Bahamas BHS 13880 km² 415,000 Nassau en
 Bahrain BAH 765 km² 1,422,000 Manama ar
 Barbados BRB 430 km² 288,000 Bridgetown en
 Brunei BRN 5770 km² 466,000 Bandar Seri Begawan my/zh
 Cape Verde CPV 4030 km² 578,000 Praia pt
 Comoros COM 1861 km² 833,000 Moroni ar/fr/sw
 Cook Islands COK 235 km² 8,200 Avarua mi/en/rt
 Cuba CUB 110000 km² 11,400,000 Havana es
 Cyprus[1] CYP 5900 km² 966,000 Nicosia tq/gr File:Cyprus in its region.svg
 Dominica DMA 755 km² 73,000 Roseau en
 Dominican Republic DOM 48200 km² 10,500,000 Santo Domingo es
 East Timor TLS 14900 km² 1,310,000 Dili pt
 Faroe Islands** FRO 1400 km² 55,000 Torshavn fa
 Fiji FJI 18300 km² 916,000 Suva en/fj/hi
 Greenland** GRL 2166000 km² 57,000 Nuuk kl
 Grenada GRN 345 km² 126,000 St George's en
 Haiti HTI 27500 km² 11,200,000 Port-au-Prince fr
 Iceland ISL 103000 km² 378,000 Reykjavík is
 Indonesia IDN 1905000 km² 278,700,000 Jakarta id
 Ireland IRL 70200 km² 5,200,000 Dublin en/ir
 Jamaica JAM 11000 km² 2,750,000 Kingston en
 Japan JPN 377000 km² 124,400,000 Tokyo ja File:Japan in its region.svg
 Kiribati KIR 810 km² 131,000 South Tarawa gil/en
 Madagascar MAD 580000 km² 26,000,000 Antananarivo fr/md
 Malaysia MYS 331000 km² 33,000,000 Kuala Lumpur ms
 Maldives MDV 300 km² 510,000 Malé md
 Malta MLT 315 km² 530,000 Valleta en/mt/it
 Marshall Islands MHL 180 km² 77,000 Majuro mh/en
 Mauritius MUS 2040 km² 1,233,000 Port Louis en/fr
 Micronesia FSM 705 km² 122,000 Palikir n/d/en/es
 Nauru NRU 22 km² 8,800 Yaren nr/en
 New Zealand NZL 270000 km² 5,370,000 Wellington en/mi/nzs
 Niue NIU 260 km² 2,200 Alofi nu/en
 Northern Cyprus None 3351 km² 383,000 North Nicosia tq File:Northern Cyprus in its region.svg
 Palau PLW 460 km² 22000 Ngerulmud pau/en/ja
 Papua New Guinea PNG 462000 km² 11,200,000 Port Moresby en/tk/hm/id
 Philippines PHL 343000 km² 114,000,000 Manila tg/en/es
 Saint Kitts and Nevis KNA 262 km² 55,000 Basseterre en
 Saint Lucia LCA 620 km² 180,000 Castries en
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VCT 390 km² 117,000 Kingstown en
 Samoa WSM 2830 km² 228,000 Apia sm/en
 São Tomé and Príncipe STP 1002 km² 236,000 São Tomé pt File:São Tomé and Príncipe in its region.svg
 Seychelles SYC 455 km² 105,000 Victoria sc/en/fr
 Singapore SGP 720 km² 5,800,000 Singapore ms/en/zh/tml
 Solomon Islands SLB 28900 km² 747,000 Honiara en
 Sri Lanka LKA 65500 km² 22,400,000 Colombo en
 Taiwan TWN 36600 km² 23,800,000 Taipei tw/zh
 Tonga TON 747 km² 107,000 Nuku'alofa to/en
 Trinidad and Tobago TTO 5130 km² 1,550,000 Port of Spain en
 Tuvalu TUV 26 km² 11,500 Funafuti tv/en
 United Kingdom GBR 243000 km² 68,000,000 London en
 Vanuatu VUT 12200 km² 335,000 Port Vila bi/en/fr

Australia is a continent but an island.

The Faroe Islands and Greenland are constituent countries within the Kingdom of Denmark.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Excluding Northern Cyprus