|Special Capital Region of Jakarta|
Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta
Jaya Raya (Sanskrit)
(meaning: Victorious and Great)
|As Jayakarta||22 June 1527:154|
|As Batavia||4 March 1621|
|As Jakarta||8 August 1942|
|As DKI||28 August 1961|
|• Type||Special administrative area|
|• Governor||Heru Budi Hartono|
|• Deputy Governor||Vacant|
|• Legislative||Jakarta Regional People's Representative Council|
|• Special Capital Region||661.5 km2 (255.4 sq mi)|
|• Metro||6,392 km2 (2,468 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Special Capital Region||10,562,088|
|• Density||15,906.5/km2 (41,198/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||4,733/km2 (12,260/sq mi)|
|Demonyms||Jakartan, Indonesian: warga Jakarta, orang Jakarta|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)|
|Area code||(+62) 21|
|HDI rank||1st (2017)|
|GDP PPP (2016)||$483.4 billion|
|Police||Polda Metro Jaya|
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta), is the largest and the capital city of Indonesia. It is on the northwest coast of the island of Java, it has an area of 661.52 km² and a population of 10,562,088 as of 2020. Jakarta has been established for more than 490 years. It is the ninth most dense city in the world with 15,900 people per km².
Jakarta's first name was Sunda Kelapa. Before the Dutch came, it was renamed to Jayakarta, starting in 1527. In 1619 the Dutch renamed the city Batavia. It was called Jakarta by the Japanese during World War 2.
Jakarta's challenges include rapid urban growth and flooding. Additionally, Jakarta is sinking up to 17 cm (6.7 inches) per year. It is also one of the fastest-sinking capitals in the world. In 2019, President Joko Widodo said that the capital would be moved to East Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo. On 18 January 2022, the Parliament of Indonesia approved a bill to change the country's capital from Jakarta to Nusantara.
References[change | change source]
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- Iguchi, Masatoshi (2017). Java Essay: The History and Culture of a Southern Country. Troubador Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78462-885-7.
- Matanasi, Petrik (30 December 2016). "Pada Tanggal Inilah Batavia Menjadi Jakarta". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- "PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH KHUSUS IBUKOTA JAKARTA RAYA" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2020" [2020 Population Census Results] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Statistics Indonesia. 21 January 2021. p. 9. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
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- "Statistik Indonesia 2016" (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
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- Indonesia names new capital, approving shift from Jakarta