Trinidad and Tobago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Motto: "Together we aspire, together we achieve"
Anthem: Forged from the Love of Liberty
Capital Port of Spain
10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Largest city Chaguanas[1]
Official languages English
Ethnic groups 37.5% Africans
40% Indian (South Asian)
20.5% mixed (Venezuelans, Spaniards, French Creoles, Portuguese, Chinese, Britons, Lebanese, Syrians, Caribs)
Demonym Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President George Maxwell Richards
 -  Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 31 August 1962 
 -  Republic 1 August 1976 
Area
 -  Total 5,131 km2 (171st)
1,981 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2011 estimate 1,227,505 (152nd)
 -  Density 254.4/km2 (48th)
659.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $26.400 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $20,137[2]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $21.195 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $16,167[2]
HDI (2010) Increase 0.736[3]
high · 59th
Currency Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1-868
Internet TLD .tt

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a nation in the south Caribbean Sea. It is 11 km (7 miles) away from Venezuela. The country has two bigger islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and many smaller islands. The capital is Port-of-Spain. The country has about 1,262,366 people in it.

Trinidad and Tobago received independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1962. Before that, it was ruled by the U.K. Right now, the head of state (person who is in charge of the country) is President George Maxwell Richards. The head of government (person who is in charge of the government) is Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar.

Trinidad and Tobago is very diverse. It has people of many different races and religions. There are people who are children of Africans, Europeans, Arabs, Indians, and Chinese who moved to the islands a long time ago. The biggest religions in the country are Christianity and Hinduism. There are also Islam and African religions in the country.

The country has some natural gas beneath the ground and underwater in the ocean. Natural gas is a liquid that makes machines work and heats houses. Also, many people called tourists visit the islands. They take pictures and learn about the islands.

The people in the country are famous for their music. They also play football and cricket.

Demographics[change | edit source]

The population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1.17 million as of (2002). The ethnic groups of the population are:

Other pages[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]