Mauritius

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Republic of Mauritius
Repiblik Moris
République de Maurice
Flag of Mauritius
Flag
Coat of Arms of Mauritius
Coat of Arms
Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici"  (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem: "Motherland"
Location of Mauritius
Capital Port Louis
Official languages English[1][2]
Vernacular English
Mauritian Creole
French
Government Parliamentary Republic
Kailash Purryag
Pravind Jugnauth
Legislature Parliament
National Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
12 March 1968
• Republic
12 March 1992
Area
• Total
2,040 km2 (790 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.05
Population
• 2015 estimate
1,323,483 (154th)
• 2000 census
1,179,137
• Density
630/km2 (1,631.7/sq mi) (18th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$19.008 billion[3]
• Per capita
$14,746[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$10.299 billion[3]
• Per capita
$7,989[3]
HDI (2011) Increase 0.701[4]
high · 77th
Currency Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Time zone MUT (UTC+4)
• Summer (DST)
(DST not observed) (UTC+4)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code 230
ISO 3166 code MU
Internet TLD .mu

The Republic of Mauritius is an African country. Port Louis is its capital. Mauritius is also the name of the main island the country is on. In the 2000 census, the country had a population of 1,178,848 people.[5]

The island of Mauritius is well known for being the only known home of the dodo.

Location[change | change source]

The island is in the southwest Indian Ocean. It is about 900 km (559 mi) east of Madagascar. The country includes the island of Mauritius as well as the islands of St. Brandon, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands along with the French island of Réunion 200 km (124 mi) to the southwest.

Flag[change | change source]

The Mauritian flag is made up of four colours of equal width. The colours represent the following:

  • Red represents freedom and independence,
  • Blue is for their Indian ocean which surrounds the island,
  • Yellow for the sun, and
  • Green for their agriculture.

History[change | change source]

Mauritius, an island of volcanic origin sheltered by barriers of coral reefs forming natural, safe, crystal clear lagoons, has long been a dream destination. Known to the Arabs as early as the 10th century, but officially explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch in the 17th century. The Dutch were the ones who named the island in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU. Mauritius was occupied successively by the Dutch (1598-1712) and later by the French (1715-1810). The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing the Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars through the Treaty of Paris. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later on, an air station playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. On 12 March 1968, Mauritius became Independent.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "language". Government of Mauritius. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  2. "Article 49 of The Constitution". National Assembly of Mauritius. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Mauritius". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  5. Central statistics Office: Republic of Mauritius Resident population and resident population in private households by geographical district single year of age and sex