Kiribati

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of Kiribati
Ribaberiki Kiribati
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Te Mauri, Te Raoi ao Te Tabomoa"
"Health, Peace and Prosperity"
Anthem: Teirake Kaini Kiribati
Stand up, Kiribati
Capital
and largest city
South Tarawa[1]
1°28′N 173°2′E / 1.467°N 173.033°E / 1.467; 173.033
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2000) 98.8% Micronesian
1.2% others
Demonym I-Kiribati
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Taneti Mamau[2]
 -  Vice-President Kourabi Nenem
Legislature House of Assembly
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 12 July 1979 
Area
 -  Total 811 km2 (186th)
313 sq mi
Population
 -  2010 estimate 103,500 (197th)
 -  2015 census 110,136
 -  Density 136/km2 (73rd)
350/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $599 million[3]
 -  Per capita $5,721[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $167 million[3]
 -  Per capita $1,592[3]
HDI (2013) Increase 0.629
medium · 121st
Currency Kiribati dollar
Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone (UTC+12, +13, +14)
Drives on the left
Calling code +686
Internet TLD .ki

Kiribati (pronounced "KiriBASS") is a country in the Pacific Ocean. It has 33 atolls, groups of tiny islands. The country is near the equator. Its capital is South Tarawa, on the Tarawa atoll.

Kiribati used to be called the Gilbert Islands. In 1892, the Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate with the Ellice Islands (nowadays known as Tuvalu), together called Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Kiribati became an independent republic in 1979.

Kiribati is one of the poorest nations in the Pacific Ocean. It has few natural resources. Tourism is an important industry.

Kiribati signed a "Treaty of Friendship and Territorial Sovereignty" (also called the "Treaty of Tarawa") with the United States in 1979. The USA gave up its claims to the islands of Canton, Enderbury, Hull, Birnie, Gardner, Phoenix, Sydney, McKean, Christmas, Caroline, Starbuck, Malden, Flint, and Vostok in that treaty. [1]

The official languages of Kiribati are English and Gilbertese.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Kiribati government website". Government of Kiribati. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  2. "Taneti Mamau declared new Kiribati President". Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Kiribati". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.