List of countries by Human Development Index

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World map indicating the categories of Human Development Index by country (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on 21 March 2017).
     Very high      High      Medium      Low      Data unavailable
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2015 and 2016 data, published on 21 March 2017).
     0.900 and over      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      0.349 and under      Data unavailable

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released on 2 November 2011, put together based on estimates for 2011. It covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong (of the People's Republic of China), and the Palestinian territories; 8 UN member states are not included because there is not enough data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard way of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the effect of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[1] and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[2]

Countries fall into four wide human development categories, each of which has 47 countries: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development (46 countries in this category).

From 2007 to 2010, the first two categories was referred to as developed countries, and the last two are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) that have been removed were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 to 0.140 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

Over half of the world's population live in countries with "medium human development" (51%), while less than a fifth (18%) of the world's population are in countries that are in the "low human development" category. Countries with "high" to "very high" human development account for less than a third of the world's total population (30%).

Complete list of countries[change | change source]

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

Very high human development[change | change source]

High human development[change | change source]

Medium human development[change | change source]

Low human development[change | change source]

List of countries by continent[change | change source]

Africa[change | change source]

Asia[change | change source]

Europe[change | change source]


North America and the Caribbean[change | change source]

South America[change | change source]


Oceania[change | change source]

List of countries by non-continental region[change | change source]

Arab League[change | change source]

Commonwealth of Nations[change | change source]

East Asia and the Pacific[change | change source]

European Union[change | change source]

HDI by regions and groups[change | change source]

Countries missing from latest report[change | change source]

UN member states (latest UNDP data)[change | change source]

Year Country HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2009 2008  San Marino 0.961 21 [7]
2009 2008  Monaco 0.956 25 [7]
High human development
2009 2008  Marshall Islands 0.738 155 [7]
2009 2008  North Korea 0.733 156 [7]
2009 2008  Nauru 0.721 164 [7]
2009 2008  Tuvalu 0.711 168 [7]
Low human development
2009 2008  Somalia 0.364 229 [7]

Note: 2009 publication uses old HDI formula

Non-UN member states (latest UNDP data)[change | change source]

Year Country or territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
High human development
N/A 2016  Kosovo 0.739 N/A [8]

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)[change | change source]

Year Country or territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
2017 2015  Macau 0.905 17 [a]
2017 2015  Taiwan 0.885 27 [b]
2017 2015  Puerto Rico 0.845 40 [12]
2012 2010  Guadeloupe 0.822 39 [13]
2012 2010  Martinique 0.813 41 [13]
2009 2008  Jersey 0.985 2 [7]
2009 2008  Cayman Islands 0.983 4 [7]
2009 2008  Bermuda 0.981 7 [7]
2009 2008  Guernsey 0.975 9 [7]
2009 2008  Gibraltar 0.961 20 [7]
2009 2008  Norfolk Island 0.958 23 [7]
2009 2008  Faroe Islands 0.950 33 [7]
2009 2008  Isle of Man 0.950 34 [7]
2009 2008  British Virgin Islands 0.945 35 [7]
2009 2008  Falkland Islands 0.933 43 [7]
2009 2008  Aruba 0.908 49 [7]
2009 2008  Guam 0.901 54 [7]
High human development
2012 2010  New Caledonia 0.789 51 [13]
2012 2010  Wallis and Futuna 0.763 65 [13]
2012 2010  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.762 66 [13]
2012 2010 Proposed flag of Réunion (VAR).svg Réunion 0.750 72 [13]
2012 2010  French Guiana 0.739 76 [13]
2012 2010  French Polynesia 0.737 77 [13]
2012 2010 Saint Martin 0.702 n/a [13]
2009 2008  U.S. Virgin Islands 0.894 59 [7]
2009 2008  Northern Mariana Islands 0.875 71 [7]
2009 2008  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.873 72 [7]
2009 2008  Greenland 0.869 76 [7]
2009 2008  Anguilla 0.865 79 [7]
2009 2008  Cook Islands 0.829 101 [7]
2009 2008  American Samoa 0.827 103 [7]
2009 2008  Montserrat 0.821 106 [7]
Medium human development
2012 2010  Saint Barthélemy 0.688 n/a [13]
2012 2010  Mayotte 0.653 104 [13]
2009 2008  Saint Helena 0.797 125 [7]
2009 2008  Niue 0.794 129 [7]
2009 2008  Tokelau 0.750 149 [7]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[9]
  2. The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see[10]). Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0.885, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP.[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  2. "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named UNDP2016. ().
  4. "2011 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. p. 151. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. "The 2013 Human Development Report – "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World"". HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 144–147. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  6. "Human Development Report 2014 – "Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience"". HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29 Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine., United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
  8. "About Kosovo". UNDP. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  9. "DSEC - 統計資料". www.dsec.gov.mo.
  10. "- Human Development Reports" (PDF). hdr.undp.org.
  11. "2017中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (Excel) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  12. Fuentes-Ramírez, Ricardo R. (2017). "Human Development Index Trends and Inequality in Puerto Rico 2010-2015" (PDF). Ceteris Paribus: Journal of Socio-Economic Research 7. https://ceterisparibusuprm.org/volumen-actual/human-development-index-trends-and-inequality-in-puerto-rico-2010-2015-by-ricardo-r-fuentes-ramirez/. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 Quel niveau de développement humain dans les outre-mer?, Agence Française de Developpment, 2012 (in French)