List of countries by Human Development Index

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     Data unavailable
     Medium
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2011 data, published on Nov 2, 2011).[1]
     0.900 and over      0.850–0.899      0.800–0.849      0.750–0.799      0.700–0.749      0.650–0.699      0.600–0.649      0.550–0.599      0.500–0.549      0.450–0.499      0.400–0.449      0.350–0.399      0.300–0.349      under 0.300      Data unavailable

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released on 2 November 2011, put together based on estimates for 2011. It covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong (of the People's Republic of China), and the Palestinian territories; 8 UN member states are not included because there is not enough data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard way of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the effect of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[2] and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[3]

Countries fall into four wide human development categories, each of which has 47 countries: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development (46 countries in this category).

From 2007 to 2010, the first two categories was referred to as developed countries, and the last two are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) that have been removed were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 to 0.140 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

Over half of the world's population live in countries with "medium human development" (51%), while less than a fifth (18%) of the world's population are in countries that are in the "low human development" category. Countries with "high" to "very high" human development account for less than a third of the world's total population (30%).

Complete list of countries[change | change source]

2011 Very High HDI nations, by population size
Europe
  
489.0
N. America
  
325.0
Asia
  
205.1
Latin America
  
58
Oceania
  
25.8

top 187 countries with Very high human development in year 2011

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.
  • Similar HDI values in the current list do not lead to ranking ties, since the HDI rank is actually determined using HDI values to the sixth decimal point.
  • The number in brackets represents the number of ranks the country has climbed (up or down) relative to new 2011 data for 2010 (as indicated in the new 2011 report, p. 131).

Very high human development[change | change source]

Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
1 Steady  Norway 0.944 Increase 0.002
2 Steady  Australia 0.935 Increase 0.002
3 Steady  Switzerland 0.930 Increase 0.002
4 Steady  Denmark 0.923 Steady
5 Steady  Netherlands 0.922 Increase 0.002
6 Steady  Germany 0.916 Increase 0.001
6 Increase (2)  Ireland 0.916 Increase 0.004
8 Decrease (1)  United States 0.915 Increase 0.002
9 Decrease (1)  Canada 0.913 Increase 0.001
9 Increase (1)  New Zealand 0.913 Increase 0.002
11 Steady  Singapore 0.912 Increase 0.003
12 Steady  Hong Kong 0.910 Increase 0.002
13 Steady  Liechtenstein 0.908 Increase 0.001
14 Steady  Sweden 0.907 Increase 0.002
14 Increase (1)  United Kingdom 0.907 Increase 0.005
16 Steady  Iceland 0.899 Steady
17 Steady  Korea, South 0.898 Increase 0.003
18 Steady  Israel 0.894 Increase 0.001
19 Steady  Luxembourg 0.892 Increase 0.002
20 Decrease (1)  Japan 0.891 Increase 0.001
21 Steady  Belgium 0.890 Increase 0.002
22 Steady  France 0.888 Increase 0.001
23 Steady  Austria 0.885 Increase 0.001
24 Steady  Finland 0.883 Increase 0.001
25 Steady  Slovenia 0.880 Increase 0.001
Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
26 Steady  Spain 0.876 Increase 0.002
27 Steady  Italy 0.873 Steady
28 Steady  Czech Republic 0.870 Increase 0.002
29 Steady  Greece 0.865 Increase 0.002
30 Steady  Estonia 0.861 Increase 0.002
31 Steady  Brunei 0.856 Increase 0.004
32 Steady  Cyprus 0.850 Steady
32 Increase (1)  Qatar 0.850 Increase 0.001
34 Steady  Andorra 0.845 Increase 0.001
35 Increase (1)  Slovakia 0.844 Increase 0.005
36 Decrease (1)  Poland 0.843 Increase 0.003
37 Steady  Lithuania 0.839 Increase 0.002
37 Steady  Malta 0.839 Increase 0.002
39 Steady  Saudi Arabia 0.837 Increase 0.001
40 Steady  Argentina 0.836 Increase 0.003
41 Decrease (1)  United Arab Emirates 0.835 Increase 0.002
42 Steady  Chile 0.832 Increase 0.002
43 Steady  Portugal 0.830 Increase 0.002
44 Steady  Hungary 0.828 Increase 0.003
45 Steady  Bahrain 0.824 Increase 0.003
46 Increase (1)  Latvia 0.819 Increase 0.003
47 Decrease (1)  Croatia 0.818 Increase 0.001
48 Decrease (1)  Kuwait 0.816 Steady
49 Steady  Montenegro 0.802 Increase 0.001

High human development[change | change source]

Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
50 Increase (1)  Belarus 0.798 Increase 0.002
50 Steady  Russia 0.798 Increase 0.001
52 Steady  Oman 0.793 Increase 0.001
52 Increase (1)  Romania 0.793 Increase 0.002
52 Increase (2)  Uruguay 0.793 Increase 0.003
55 Steady  Bahamas 0.790 Increase 0.004
56 Steady  Kazakhstan 0.788 Increase 0.003
57 Decrease (1)  Barbados 0.785 Steady
58 Steady  Antigua and Barbuda 0.783 Increase 0.002
59 Steady  Bulgaria 0.782 Increase 0.003
60 Increase (2)  Palau 0.780 Increase 0.005
60 Steady  Panama 0.780 Increase 0.003
62 Decrease (2)  Malaysia 0.779 Increase 0.002
63 Decrease (1)  Mauritius 0.777 Increase 0.002
64 Increase (4)  Seychelles 0.772 Increase 0.005
64 Steady  Trinidad and Tobago 0.772 Increase 0.001
66 Decrease (2)  Serbia 0.771 Steady
67 Decrease (1)  Cuba 0.769 Increase 0.001
67 Decrease (1)  Lebanon 0.769 Increase 0.001
69 Steady  Costa Rica 0.766 Increase 0.002
69 Steady  Iran 0.766 Increase 0.002
71 Decrease (2)  Venezuela 0.762 Decrease 0.002
72 Steady  Turkey 0.761 Increase 0.002
73 Increase (1)  Sri Lanka 0.757 Increase 0.005
74 Decrease (1)  Mexico 0.756 Increase 0.001
75 Decrease (1)  Brazil 0.755 Increase 0.003
76 Steady  Georgia 0.754 Increase 0.004
77 Increase (2)  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.752 Increase 0.005
78 Decrease (1)  Azerbaijan 0.751 Increase 0.002
Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
79 Increase (3)  Grenada 0.750 Increase 0.008
80 Decrease (2)  Jordan 0.748 Steady
81 Steady  Macedonia 0.747 Increase 0.003
81 Decrease (1)  Ukraine 0.747 Increase 0.001
83 Increase (1)  Algeria 0.736 Increase 0.002
84 Increase (1)  Peru 0.734 Increase 0.002
85 Steady  Albania 0.733 Increase 0.001
85 Increase (2)  Armenia 0.733 Increase 0.002
85 Increase (4)  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.733 Increase 0.004
88 Steady  Ecuador 0.732 Increase 0.002
89 Steady  Saint Lucia 0.729 Steady
90 Increase (3)  China 0.727 Increase 0.004
90 Increase (1)  Fiji 0.727 Increase 0.003
90 Increase (5)  Mongolia 0.727 Increase 0.005
93 Decrease (2)  Thailand 0.726 Increase 0.002
94 Decrease (1)  Dominica 0.724 Increase 0.001
94 Decrease (11)  Libya 0.724 Decrease 0.014
96 Steady  Tunisia 0.721 Increase 0.001
97 Steady  Colombia 0.720 Increase 0.002
97 Increase (1)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.720 Increase 0.003
99 Decrease (1)  Jamaica 0.719 Increase 0.002
100 Steady  Tonga 0.717 Increase 0.001
101 Steady  Belize 0.715 Steady
101 Increase (2)  Dominican Republic 0.715 Increase 0.004
103 Increase (1)  Suriname 0.714 Increase 0.001
World 0.711 Increase 0.002
104 Steady  Maldives 0.706 Increase 0.003
105 Steady  Samoa 0.702 Increase 0.001

Medium human development[change | change source]

Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
106 Steady  Botswana 0.698 Increase 0.002
107 Steady  Moldova 0.693 Increase 0.003
108 Steady  Egypt 0.690 Increase 0.001
109 Steady  Turkmenistan 0.688 Increase 0.006
110 Increase (1)  Gabon 0.684 Increase 0.005
110 Steady  Indonesia 0.684 Increase 0.003
112 Increase (1)  Paraguay 0.679 Increase 0.002
113 Decrease (2)  Palestine 0.677 Decrease 0.002
114 Steady  Uzbekistan 0.675 Increase 0.003
115 Steady  Philippines 0.668 Increase 0.004
116 Decrease (1)  El Salvador 0.666 Increase 0.002
116 Increase (1)  South Africa 0.666 Increase 0.003
116 Increase (1)  Vietnam 0.666 Increase 0.003
119 Steady  Bolivia 0.662 Increase 0.004
120 Increase (1)  Kyrgyzstan 0.655 Increase 0.003
121 Decrease (1)  Iraq 0.654 Decrease 0.003
122 Steady  Cape Verde 0.646 Increase 0.003
123 Steady  Micronesia 0.640 Increase 0.001
124 Steady  Guyana 0.636 Increase 0.002
125 Steady  Nicaragua 0.631 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
126 Steady  Morocco 0.628 Increase 0.002
126 Increase (2)  Namibia 0.628 Increase 0.003
128 Decrease (2)  Guatemala 0.627 Increase 0.001
129 Steady  Tajikistan 0.624 Increase 0.003
130 Increase (1)  India 0.609 Increase 0.005
131 Steady  Honduras 0.606 Increase 0.002
132 Increase (2)  Bhutan 0.605 Increase 0.010
133 Steady  East Timor 0.595 Decrease 0.006
134 Decrease (4)  Syria 0.594 Decrease 0.013
134 Increase (1)  Vanuatu 0.594 Increase 0.002
136 Increase (2)  Congo, Republic of the 0.591 Increase 0.009
137 Decrease (1)  Kiribati 0.590 Increase 0.002
138 Decrease (1)  Equatorial Guinea 0.587 Increase 0.003
139 Steady  Zambia 0.586 Increase 0.006
140 Steady  Ghana 0.579 Increase 0.002
141 Steady  Laos 0.575 Increase 0.005
142 Steady  Bangladesh 0.570 Increase 0.003
143 Increase (1)  Cambodia 0.555 Increase 0.005
143 Steady  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.555 Increase 0.002

Low human development[change | change source]

Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
145 Steady  Kenya 0.548 Increase 0.004
145 Increase (1)  Nepal 0.548 Increase 0.005
147 Steady  Pakistan 0.538 Increase 0.002
148 Steady  Myanmar 0.536 Increase 0.005
149 Steady  Angola 0.532 Increase 0.002
150 Decrease (1)  Swaziland 0.531 Increase 0.001
151 Steady  Tanzania 0.521 Increase 0.005
152 Steady  Nigeria 0.514 Increase 0.004
153 Increase (1)  Cameroon 0.512 Increase 0.005
154 Decrease (1)  Madagascar 0.510 Increase 0.002
155 Increase (3)  Zimbabwe 0.509 Increase 0.008
156 Steady  Mauritania 0.506 Increase 0.002
156 Decrease (1)  Solomon Islands 0.506 Increase 0.001
158 Decrease (1)  Papua New Guinea 0.505 Increase 0.002
159 Decrease (1)  Comoros 0.503 Increase 0.002
160 Steady  Yemen 0.498 Steady
161 Steady  Lesotho 0.497 Increase 0.003
162 Increase (5)  Togo 0.484 Increase 0.009
163 Decrease (1)  Haiti 0.483 Increase 0.002
163 Steady  Rwanda 0.483 Increase 0.004
163 Increase (1)  Uganda 0.483 Increase 0.005
166 Decrease (1)  Benin 0.480 Increase 0.003
Rank Country HDI
2015 estimates for 2014
Change in rank from previous year 2015 estimates for 2014
Change from previous year
167 Decrease (2)  Sudan 0.479 Increase 0.002
168 Steady  Djibouti 0.470 Increase 0.002
169 Increase (2)  South Sudan 0.467 Increase 0.006
170 Steady  Senegal 0.466 Increase 0.003
171 Decrease (2)  Afghanistan 0.465 Increase 0.001
172 Steady  Ivory Coast 0.462 Increase 0.004
173 Increase (1)  Malawi 0.445 Increase 0.006
174 Increase (1)  Ethiopia 0.442 Increase 0.006
175 Decrease (2)  Gambia 0.441 Decrease 0.001
176 Steady  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.433 Increase 0.003
177 Steady  Liberia 0.430 Increase 0.006
178 Steady  Guinea-Bissau 0.420 Increase 0.002
179 Steady  Mali 0.419 Increase 0.003
180 Steady  Mozambique 0.416 Increase 0.003
181 Increase (1)  Sierra Leone 0.413 Increase 0.005
182 Decrease (1)  Guinea 0.411 Steady
183 Increase (1)  Burkina Faso 0.402 Increase 0.006
184 Decrease (1)  Burundi 0.400 Increase 0.003
185 Increase (1)  Chad 0.392 Increase 0.004
186 Decrease (1)  Eritrea 0.391 Increase 0.001
187 Steady  Central African Republic 0.350 Increase 0.002
188 Steady  Niger 0.348 Increase 0.003

List of countries by continent[change | change source]

Africa[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
High human development
1  Seychelles 0.773
2  Libya 0.760
3  Mauritius 0.728
4  Tunisia 0.698
Medium human development
5  Algeria 0.698
6  Gabon 0.674
7  Egypt 0.644
8  Botswana 0.633
9  Namibia 0.625
10  South Africa 0.619

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.286
2  Niger 0.295
3  Burundi 0.316
4  Mozambique 0.322
5  Chad 0.328
6  Liberia 0.329
7  Burkina Faso 0.331
8  Sierra Leone 0.336
9  Central African Republic 0.343
10  Guinea 0.344

Americas[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  United States 0.910
2  Canada 0.908
3  Chile 0.805
4  Argentina 0.797
5  Barbados 0.793
High human development
6  Uruguay 0.783
7  Cuba 0.776
8  Bahamas 0.771
9  Mexico 0.770
10  Panama 0.768

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Haiti 0.454
Medium human development
2  Guatemala 0.574
3  Nicaragua 0.589
4  Honduras 0.625
5  Guyana 0.633
6  Bolivia 0.663
7  Paraguay 0.665
8  El Salvador 0.674
9  Suriname 0.680
10  Dominican Republic 0.689

Asia and Oceania[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.929
2  New Zealand 0.908
3  Japan 0.901
4  Hong Kong 0.898
5  South Korea 0.897
6  Israel 0.888
7  Singapore 0.866
8  United Arab Emirates 0.846
9  Cyprus 0.840
10  Brunei 0.838

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Afghanistan 0.398
2  Nepal 0.458
3  Yemen 0.462
4  Papua New Guinea 0.466
5  Myanmar 0.483
6  Timor-Leste 0.495
7  Bangladesh 0.500
8  Pakistan 0.504
9  Solomon Islands 0.510
Medium human development
10  Bhutan 0.522

Europe[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Norway 0.943
2  Netherlands 0.910
3  Ireland 0.908
4  Liechtenstein 0.905
5  Germany 0.905
6  Sweden 0.904
7  Switzerland 0.903
8  Iceland 0.898
9  Denmark 0.895
10  Belgium 0.886

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Medium human development
1  Moldova 0.649
High human development
2  Turkey 0.699
3  Azerbaijan 0.700
4  Armenia 0.716
5  Macedonia 0.728
6  Ukraine 0.729
7  Georgia 0.733
8  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.733
9  Albania 0.739
10  Kazakhstan 0.745

List of countries by non-continental region[change | change source]

Arab League member states[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  United Arab Emirates 0.846
2  Qatar 0.831
3  Bahrain 0.806
High human development
4  Saudi Arabia 0.770
5  Kuwait 0.760
6  Libya 0.760
7  Lebanon 0.739
8  Oman 0.705
9  Tunisia 0.698
Medium human development
10  Jordan 0.698

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Sudan 0.408
2  Djibouti 0.430
3  Comoros 0.433
4  Mauritania 0.453
5  Yemen 0.462
Medium human development
6  Iraq 0.573
7  Morocco 0.582
8  Syria 0.632
9 Palestinian National Authority Palestinian territories 0.641
10  Egypt 0.644

European Union[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Netherlands 0.910
2  Ireland 0.908
3  Germany 0.905
4  Sweden 0.904
5  Denmark 0.895
6  Belgium 0.886
7  Austria 0.885
8  France 0.884
9  Slovenia 0.884
10  Finland 0.882

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
High human development
1  Bulgaria 0.771
2  Romania 0.781
Very high human development
3  Latvia 0.805
4  Portugal 0.809
5  Lithuania 0.810
6  Poland 0.813
7  Hungary 0.816
8  Malta 0.832
9  Slovakia 0.834
10  Estonia 0.835

East Asia and the Pacific[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Australia 0.929
2  New Zealand 0.908
3  Japan 0.901
4  Hong Kong 0.898
5  South Korea 0.897
6  Singapore 0.866
7  Brunei 0.838
High human development
8  Palau 0.782
9  Malaysia 0.761
10  Tonga 0.704

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Nepal 0.458
2  Papua New Guinea 0.466
3  Myanmar 0.483
4  East Timor 0.495
5  Solomon Islands 0.510
Medium human development
6  Bhutan 0.522
7  Cambodia 0.523
8  Laos 0.524
9  India 0.547
10  Vanuatu 0.617

Latin America[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Chile 0.805
2  Argentina 0.797
High human development
3  Uruguay 0.783
4  Cuba 0.776
5  Mexico 0.770
6  Panama 0.768
7  Costa Rica 0.744
8  Venezuela 0.735
9  Peru 0.725
10  Ecuador 0.720

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Haiti 0.454
Medium human development
2  Guatemala 0.574
3  Nicaragua 0.589
4  Honduras 0.625
5  Bolivia 0.663
6  Paraguay 0.665
7  El Salvador 0.674
8  Dominican Republic 0.689
High human development
9  Colombia 0.710
10  Brazil 0.718

Middle East and North Africa[change | change source]

10 highest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Very high human development
1  Israel 0.888
2  United Arab Emirates 0.846
3  Cyprus 0.840
4  Qatar 0.831
5  Bahrain 0.806
High human development
6  Saudi Arabia 0.770
7  Kuwait 0.760
8  Libya 0.760
9  Lebanon 0.739
10  Iran 0.707

10 lowest HDIs

Rank Country HDI
New 2011 estimates for 2011
Low human development
1  Sudan 0.408
2  Yemen 0.462
Medium human development
3  Iraq 0.573
4  Morocco 0.582
5  Syria 0.632
6 Palestinian National Authority Palestinian territories 0.641
7  Egypt 0.644
8  Algeria 0.698
9  Jordan 0.698
High human development
10  Tunisia 0.698

HDI by regions & groups[change | change source]

Region or Group 2011
estimates
for 2011
HDI[4]
2011
estimates
for 2010
HDI[4]
Very high human development
Very High Human Development 0.889 Increase 0.888
OECD 0.873 Increase 0.871
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.751 Increase 0.748
High Human Development 0.741 Increase 0.739
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.731 Increase 0.728
Medium human development
World 0.682 Increase 0.679
East Asia and the Pacific 0.671 Increase 0.666
Arab states 0.641 Increase 0.639
Small Island Developing States 0.640 Increase 0.638
Medium Human Development 0.630 Increase 0.625
South Asia 0.548 Increase 0.545
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.463 Increase 0.460
Low Human Development 0.456 Increase 0.453
Least Developed Countries 0.439 Increase 0.435

Countries missing from latest report[change | change source]

UN member states (latest UNDP data)[change | change source]

Year Country HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
1997 N/A  Monaco 0.946 N/A [source?]
1997 N/A  San Marino 0.944 N/A [source?]
Medium human development
1998 1995  North Korea 0.766 75 [5]
1998 N/A  Nauru 0.663 N/A [source?]
1998 N/A  Tuvalu 0.583 N/A [source?]
1998 N/A  Marshall Islands 0.563 N/A [source?]
Low human development
2001 2001  Somalia 0.284 161 [6][nb 1]

Non-UN members (not calculated by the UNDP)[change | change source]

Year Country or Territory HDI Rank Source
Publication Data
Very high human development
1998 N/A  Puerto Rico 0.942 N/A [7]
2008 2005  Martinique 0.929 24 [8]
1998 N/A  Greenland 0.927 N/A [9]
2008 2005  Guadeloupe 0.912 28 [8]
2010 2007  Macau 0.944 23 [10]
2011 2011  Republic of China (Taiwan) 0.882 22 [nb 2]
High human development
2010 2010  Kosovo* 0.700 N/A [12]
2008 2005  New Caledonia 0.878 34 [8]
2007 2004  Réunion 0.870 35 [8][13]
2008 2005  French Polynesia 0.864 42 [8]
2008 2005  French Guiana 0.862 43 [8]
  • calculated by the UNDP

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Somalia's last inclusion in the HDI ranking was in the 1996 report (1993 data).
  2. The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see [1]). The ROC's government calculated its HDI to be 0.868, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP for calculating 2010 HDIs.[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Human Development Report 2011 - Human development statistical annex". HDRO (Human Development Report Office United Nations Development Programme. pp. 127–130. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Tables.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  2. "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/reports/. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  3. "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev/. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "2011 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. p. 151. http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/trends/. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  5. "The State of Human Development" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 1998. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr_1998_en_chap1.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  6. "Human Development Report: Somalia 2001" (PDF). 2001. p. 198. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090326212047/http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nationalreports/africa/somalia/Somalia_2001_en.pdf. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  7. "Puerto Rico (United States)". United Nations Environment Programme. 2 March 1998. http://islands.unep.ch/CSV.htm. Retrieved 26 March 2009.. Note: Appears to be simply the United States's HDI published on the 1997 report[source?].
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 "Les défis de la croissance calédonienne, on page 13" (in French) (PDF). CEROM - INSEE. http://www.cerom-outremer.org/jahia/webdav/site/cerom/users/admin_cerom/public/Pdf/BilanmacroNC2008.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
  9. "Greenland (Denmark)". United Nations Environment Programme. 2 March 1998. http://islands.unep.ch/CTP.htm. Retrieved 26 March 2009.. Note: Appears to be simply Denmark's HDI published on the 1997 report[source?].
  10. The UN did not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. If it were included in the UN's HDI figures as of 2007, Macau would rank 23rd or 24th (tying either Singapore or Hong Kong). "Macao in Figures 2010". Statistics and Census Service, Macau SAR. 2010. http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/6ba9054b-39ed-4a06-95fa-be5fdc961af1/E_MN_PUB_2010_Y.aspx. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
  11. "2010中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)" (in Chinese) (pdf). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.. 2010. http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Data/11715541971.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  12. "Human Development Report - Kosovo 2010". UNDP. 2010. p. 100. http://www.ks.undp.org/repository/docs/HDR_2010_English.pdf. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
  13. "L’Indice de Développement Humain : Une Évaluation pour la réunion" (in French) (PDF). Laboratoire d’Economie Appliquée au Développement (LEAD) Université du Sud Toulon-Var. Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20081218110025/http://www.regionetdeveloppement.u-3mrs.fr/pdf/R27/Goujon.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

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