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Template:Cite book

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This Template:Cs1 template is used to create citations for . When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite book
| last                  =
| first                 =
| authorlink            =
| last[n]               =
| first[n]              =
| authorlink[n]         =
| editor-last           =
| editor-first          =
| editor-link           =
| editor[n]-last        =
| editor[n]-first       =
| editor[n]-link        =
| others                =
| title                 =
| trans_title           =
| url                   =
| archiveurl            =
| archivedate           =
| format                =
| accessdate            =
| type                  =
| edition               =
| series                =
| volume                =
| date                  =
| origyear              =
| year                  =
| month                 =
| publisher             =
| location              =
| language              =
| isbn                  =
| oclc                  =
| lccn                  =
| doi                   =
| bibcode               =
| id                    =
| page                  =
| pages                 =
| nopp                  =
| at                    =
| chapter               =
| trans_chapter         =
| chapterurl            =
| quote                 =
| ref                   =
| laysummary            =
| laydate               =
| author-mask           =
| author-name-separator =
| author-separator      =
| display-authors       =
| separator             =
| postscript            =
| lastauthoramp         =
}}
 
 
last
last
last[n-1] for n>1
last[n]
last[n]
 
editor-last
editor-last
editor[n-1]-last for n>1
editor[n]-last
editor[n]-last
 
 
 
 
 
archiveurl
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
year or date
 
year
 
publisher
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
page or pages
 
 
 
chapter
 
 
 
laysummary
 
 
 
 
 
 
last[n] for n>1
 
 
same as last1
same as first1
same as authorlink1
[n] = 1 through 9
[n] = 1 through 9
[n] = 1 through 9
same as editor and editor1-last
same as editor1-first
same as editor1-link
[n] = 1 through 4
[n] = 1 through 4
[n] = 1 through 4
 
 
 
insert URL of online version of the book or an extract, if available
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
†preferred (no wikilink)
 
alternative to date
 
 
 
 
always include ISBN if one has been assigned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
alternative to page/pages when those are used with nopp
‡(no wikilink). Synonymous with "contribution".
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

† This is the preferred parameter with its alternates listed below.

‡ If |chapterurl= is provided then |chapter= cannot have wikilinks.

Examples

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
Mysterious Book.

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book |year=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901.

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}:
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs.

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). http://en.wikipedia.org/. Retrieved February 17, 2006.

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=1234567890}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890.

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=1234567890 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890. http://en.wikipedia.org/.

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.).

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |year=2001 |month=September |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Wash. |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Wash.: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0.

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |year=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974) (in French). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (1st ed.). http://en.wikipedia.org/. Retrieved February 17, 2006.

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X.

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1956]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1.
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Butler, Sir James. ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X.

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O. et al. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

Deprecated

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters.

Use accessdate:

  • access-date
  • accessed
  • accessdaymonth
  • accessday
  • accessmonthday
  • accessmonth
  • accessyear

Use date:

  • day

No longer supported:

  • dateformat
  • doilabel

Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last, author, authors, vauthors, last1, author1
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first, first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. Aliases: last1, author1 through last9, author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink, authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: authorlink1, author1-link through authorlink9, author9-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by John Smith" or "Translated by John Smith."
When using Shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing
styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • chapter: The title of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in article references should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.

Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, vditors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references></references> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; for example, use |display-authors=2 for only two authors. The "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ).
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Testing

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

TemplateData

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

Parameter Description Type Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Default
empty
Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Auto value
empty
String optional
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Default
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Date dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Work workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Boolean optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

Default
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String optional
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown deprecated
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Place of publication publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publication date publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page(s) cited pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Language languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Chapter chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Default
empty
Example
ja:東京タワー
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line optional
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line optional
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

Default
empty
Example
2009-0048
Auto value
empty
String optional
Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

Default
empty
Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

Default
empty
Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

Default
empty
Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
City of Publication city

Where published

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Department department

Unusual in cite book.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional

Template:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.