Template:Reflist

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Documentation icon Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

Usage

Use this template to create a reference list in small font for an article. Note that there is no consensus that small font size should always be used for all references; when normal-sized font is more appropriate on an article, use <references /> instead.

If used with no parameters, it will produce a reference list with a single column.

Font size

The font size should reduce to 90% for most browsers, but may appear to show at 100% for Internet Explorer and possibly other browsers. Reflist uses one CSS entry in MediaWiki:Common.css to set the font size:

  • .references-small { font-size: 90%;}

Editors may over-ride this settings by placing entries in their personal CSS.

Multiple columns

Using {{Reflist|2}} will create a two-column reference list, and {{Reflist|3}} will create a three-column list. Three-column lists are inaccessible to users with smaller/laptop monitors and should be avoided.

Using {{Reflist|colwidth=30em}} will allow the browser to automatically choose the number of columns based on the width of the web browser. Choose a column width that is appropriate for the average width of the references on the page.

Browser support

Multiple columns are generated by using CSS3, which is still in development; thus only browsers that properly support the multi-column selector will show multiple columns.[1][2]

Disabling multiple columns for your account

If you cannot abide multiple columns, you may add the following to your personal CSS file (after creating an account if you have not already done so) to force single-column display while logged in to your account:

.references-column-count, .references-column-width {
    column-count:1 !important;
    column-width:auto !important;
    -moz-column-count:1 !important;
    -moz-column-width:auto !important;
    -webkit-column-count:1 !important;
    -webkit-column-width:auto !important;
}

This will normally have to be added to your monobook.css; if you are using a different skin, look in the "Personal CSS" column of the table here to find the right file.

Three options for usage

Option 1 (footnote-style references) — Example

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

==References==
{{Reflist}}

Option 2 (bibliographical style) — Example

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

==References==
{{Refbegin}}
* reference 1
* reference 2
{{Refend}}

Option 3 (both footnote-style and bibiography-style references) — Example

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

==References==
{{Reflist}}

{{Refbegin}}
* reference 1
* reference 2
{{Refend}}

Groups extension

The <ref> tag now supports named groups so that separate lists may be created— see Wikipedia:Footnotes#Separating reference lists and explanatory notes.

The general format for the reference tag would be:

<ref group=name>

And for the reflist:

{{Reflist|group=name}}
Where name would be a group identifier such as "note", "nb" or "label".

For example, to create a separate format notes list, the references would be formatted as:

<ref group=note>

To create the formatted list:

==Name==
{{Reflist|group=note}}

While any number of groups can be created and listed, they should be kept to a minimum.

Caveats

This template (or <references/> by any means, for that matter) should not be used multiple times in the same page with the same value for the group parameter. But if this is for some reason required, at least one parameter must be passed to every invocation of the template for correct output. For example, use {{Reflist|dummy=1}} instead of simply {{Reflist}}.

Related pages

Templates for formatting individual reference citations
Templates for formatting lists of references and bibliographies
  • {{Refbegin}} — {{Refend}}; apply any of several optional formatting styles/tweaks to bibliography / reference lists
    • {{Colbegin}} Template creates 2 columns.
  • {{Reflist-talk}}; reflist for Talk pages.

References