Eritrea

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State of Eritrea

ሃገረ ኤርትራ  Hagere Ertra
دولة إرتريا  Dawlat Iritriyā
Emblem of Eritrea
Emblem
Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Location of Eritrea
Capital
and largest city
Asmara
Official languagesTigrinya[1]
Arabic[1]
English[1][2]
Ethnic groups
(2012[3])
55% Tigrinya
30% Tigre
4% Saho
2% Kunama
2% Rashaida
2% Bilen
5% othera
Demonym(s)Eritrean
GovernmentUnitary Single-party under an totalitarian dictatorship
• President
Isaias Afewerki
Independence
• From Italy
November 1941
• From United Kingdom under UN Mandate
1951
• from Ethiopia de facto
24 May 1991
• From Ethiopia de jure
24 May 1993
Area
• Total
117,600 km2 (45,400 sq mi) (101st)
• Water (%)
0.14%
Population
• 2012 estimate
6,086,495 (107th)
• 2008 census
5,291,370
• Density
51.8/km2 (134.2/sq mi) (154th)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$4.397 billion[4]
• Per capita
$777[4]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$3.108 billion[4]
• Per capita
$549[4]
HDI (2011)Steady 0.349
low · 177th
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code291
ISO 3166 codeER
Internet TLD.er
  1. Afar, Beni-Amer, Nara.
  2. Working languages only.[5]
A map of Eritrea

Eritrea is a country on the eastern coast of Africa. Its official name is The State of Eritrea.

Geography[change | change source]

Eritrean highlands.

Eritrea is located on the coast on the Red Sea. It is north of the Bab-el-Mandeb and the Horn of Africa. Eritrea has borders with the countries of Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. The land area of Eritrea is 101,000 km², and it is one of the smallest countries in Africa.[6]

History[change | change source]

Eritrea became an independent country on 24 May 1993.[6] It is one of the newest countries in the world.

Many different countries have ruled the land that is now called Eritrea. Between 1885 and 1941 it was a colony of Italy. Between 1941 and 1952, the United Nations put it under the protection of United Kingdom. After 1952, Eritrea became a part of Ethiopia.[6] This was the reason for a long civil war between the Eritreans and the government of Ethiopia.

Eventually, in 1993, Eritrea became an independent country after a vote by its people.[6]

Government[change | change source]

Eritrea is known for being the most oppressive country in Africa, sometimes considered to be the "North Korea of Africa".[7] The nation has been accused of many human rights violations, severely limited freedoms, and many arbitrary (made-up) arrests.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

Eritrea is divided into six administrative regions. These areas are then divided into 58 districts.

A map of Eritrea regions. 1.Northern Red Sea, 2.Anseba, 3.Gash-Barka, 4.Central(to right), 5.Southern, 6.Southern Red Sea
Regions of Eritrea
Region Area (km2) Population Capital
Central 1,300 1,053,254 Asmara
Anseba 23,200 893,587 Keren
Gash-Barka 33,200 1,103,742 Barentu
Southern 8,000 1,476,765 Mendefera
Northern Red Sea 27,800 897,454 Massawa
Southern Red Sea 27,600 398,073 Assab

Culture[change | change source]

The population of Eritrea is about 5.6 million.[6] About 0.5 million people live in Asmara. People from Eritrea are called Eritreans. Most of them speak Tigrinya or Tigre as their first language. The people usually use Tigrinya or Arabic for official business.

Eritrea has nine ethnic groups. These are the Afar people, the Bilen people, the Hedareb people, the Kunama, the Nara, the Rashaida, the Saho, the Tigre, and Tigray-Tigrinya.

The currency of Eritrea is called the Nakfa. Eritrea is a very poor country. Almost half of Eritrea's economy comes from Eritreans who live abroad. They send money home to their families. Most of the rest comes from farming.

Football and cycling are the most popular sports in Eritrea. In recent years, Eritrean athletes have also seen increasing success in the international arena.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hailemariam, Chefena (1999). "Multilingualism and Nation Building: Language and Education in Eritrea" (PDF). Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 20 (6): 474–493. Retrieved 2012-04-04. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  2. Eritrea. CIA – The World Factbook. cia.gov. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
  3. CIA – Eritrea – Ethnic groups. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Eritrea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
  5. "ERITREA AT A GLANCE". 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 "Eritrea". Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
  7. Halper, Yishai. "'The North Korea of Africa': Where You Need a Permit to Have Dinner With Friends". Haaretz.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Terrazas, Aaron Matteo (June 2007). "Beyond Regional Circularity: The Emergence of an Ethiopian Diaspora". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  2. United States Census Bureau 2009–2013, Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2009–2013, USCB, 30 November 2016, <https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2013/demo/2009-2013-lang-tables.html>.
  3. "Istat.it". Statistics Italy.
  4. "Ethiopian London". BBC. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  5. pp, 25 (2015) United Kingdom. Available at: https://www.ethnologue.com/country/GB (Accessed: 30 November 2016).
  6. "United Kingdom". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  7. "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland". Das Statistik Portal.
  8. Amharas are estimated to be the largest ethnic group of estimated 20.000 Ethiopian Germans|https://www.giz.de/fachexpertise/downloads/gtz2009-en-ethiopian-diaspora.pdf Archived 4 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Foreign-born persons by country of birth, age, sex and year". Statistics Sweden.
  10. "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents". Statistics Norway.
  11. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (5 February 2013). "2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations — Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  12. Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98–314-XCB2011032
  13. Anon, 2016. 2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census. [online] Www12.statcan.gc.ca. Available at: <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/tbt-tt/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=103001&PRID=10&PTYPE=101955&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2011&THEME=90&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=> [Accessed 2 December 2016].
  14. Immigrant languages in Canada. 2016. Immigrant languages in Canada. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-314-x/98-314-x2011003_2-eng.cfm. [Accessed 13 December 2016].
  15. "Population by migration background". Statistics Netherlands.
  16. "Population by country of origin". Statistics Denmark.
  17. "The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS" (PDF). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  18. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS, 30 November 2016, <https://www.border.gov.au/ReportsandPublications/Documents/research/people-australia-2013-statistics.pdf Archived 17 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine>.
  19. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS, 30 November 2016, Archived 17 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


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