|Kingdom of Morocco
الله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic)
Allāh, al-Waṭan, al-Malik
ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Tamazight)"God, Homeland, King"
Akuc, Amur, Agllid
النشيد الوطني المغربي (Arabic)
|Ethnic groups (2012)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|-||Prime Minister||Abdelilah Benkirane|
|-||Upper house||House of Councillors|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|-||from France||March 2, 1956|
|-||from Spain||April 7, 1956|
|-||Total||446,550 km2[f] or 710,850 km2 [f] (58th or 40th)
172,487 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||0.056 (250 km2)|
|-||2013 estimate||32,878,400 (38th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2013 estimate|
|-||Total||$181.9 billion (56th)|
|-||Per capita||$5,537 (114th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|-||Total||$107.1 billion (59th)|
|-||Per capita||$3,260 (117th)|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.591
medium · 130th
|Currency||Moroccan dirham (MAD)|
|Time zone||WET (UTC+0)|
|-||Summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Internet TLD||.ma, المغرب.|
|a.||^ French is also used in official government documents and by the business community, although it has no official status.|
|b.||^ 13.5% fluent, 19.5% partially fluent.|
|c.||^ See Languages of Morocco.|
|d.||^ Primarily Riffian, Shilha and Central Tamazight.|
|e.||^ Primarily Darija and Hassaniya.|
|f.||^ The area 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories, while 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) includes the Moroccan-administered parts of Western Sahara (claimed as the Sahrawi Republic by the Polisario Front).|
Politics[change | change source]
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. The political powers are shared between the king Muhammad VI (the sixth) and the Head of the Government. The King is the head of state (Person in charge of the country) and the most important person.
The people of Morocco vote for Members of Parliament to speak for them and to help make laws for them. The Council of Ministers defines what must be done. He makes all the important decisions. Today, the Head of Government is Abdelilah Benkiran.
History[change | change source]
Geography[change | change source]
Morocco has a diverse geography from fertile plains, to forests, cold mountains, dry lands, and deserts. Most people live in areas close to the coast, or in fertile farms. Morocco has an area of 446,550 km². Morocco also controls most of the Western Sahara which is 266.000 km² big.
The capital of Morocco is Rabat. About 1.2 million people live in Rabat. The biggest city in Morocco is however Casablanca, with nearly 4 million people living there. Both Rabat and Casablanca have large ports and industrial zones. The third biggest city is Marrakesh from which the word "Morocco" is made.
People and culture[change | change source]
The population of Morocco is about 34 million. People from Morocco are called Moroccans. Moroccans are essentially Berbers but many Moroccans have Bedouin Arab, Spanish, Black African, and Jewish ancestors.
The official language of Morocco is Arabic, but millions of Moroccans also speak the Berber language and want it to be official too. French is also used in big companies, universities, and in some TV channels. Morocco was part of the French colonial empire for 44 years. Some people in the north (close to Spain) speak Spanish as well. Spain also occupied parts of Morocco before leaving them in 1956 and in 1975.
Most educated Moroccans do not speak English well, or do not know it at all. In the 21st century English is being taught to students in an increasing number of schools.
Divisions[change | change source]
As of 2015 the regions are:
- 1. Tanger-Tetouan
- 2. Oriental
- 3. Fes-Meknes
- 4. Rabat-Sale-Kenitra
- 5. Beni Mellal-Khenifra
- 6. Casablanca-Settat
- 7. Marrakech-Safi
- 8. Draa-Tafilalet
- 9. Souss-Massa
- 10. Guelmim-Oued Noun
- 11. Laayoune-Sakia el Hamra
- 12. Dakhla-Oued ed Dahab
Provinces[change | change source]
Morocco is divided into 37 provinces and 2 wilayas : Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Benslimane, Boulemane, Casablanca, Chefchaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa of Sraghna, Errachidia, Essaouira, Fes, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane, Kenitra, Khemisset, Rommani, Khenifra, Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech, Meknes, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat, Sale, Settat, Safi, Sidi Kacem, Tangier, Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudant, Tata, Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit. Three additional provinces of Dakhla (Oued ed Dahab), Boujdour, and Es Smara as well as parts of Tan-Tan and Laayoune fall within Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara.
Economy[change | change source]
Mining, agriculture, fishing, and tourism are the 4 main parts of Morocco's national economy. Also, Moroccans working in Europe (about 2 million) send billions of Euros of money home to their families every year.
Tourism is becoming very important too. Many Americans and Europens come to see the historical places of Morocco, live the Berber countryside life, or enjoy the warm sun and the long and clean beaches. Marrakesh is the most liked city by tourists.
Related pages[change | change source]
Notes and references[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Morocco|
- "Moroccan Constitution". sgg.gov.ma. 2011. http://www.sgg.gov.ma/BO/bulletin/FR/2011/BO_5964-Bis_Fr.pdf.
- "Morocco." (Archive) CIA World Factbook. Retrieved on 13 October 2012. "French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)"
- "Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco, I-1" (PDF). http://www.maroc.ma/NR/rdonlyres/2298ADD6-703C-471E-B924-A5E4F396FEA2/0/Texteint%C3%A9gralduprojetdenouvelleConstitution.pdf. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
- "Morocco". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2013/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=33&pr.y=11&sy=2009&ey=2013&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=686&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- World Bank GINI index
- "La Francophonie dans le monde." (Archive) Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. p. 16. Retrieved on 15 October 2012.
- Regions of Morocco, statoids.com
- Regions of Morocco, statoids.com