Baghdad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baghdad
City
بغداد Baġdād
Baghdad is located in Iraq
Baghdad
Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.3333333°N 44.4333333°E / 33.3333333; 44.4333333Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.3333333°N 44.4333333°E / 33.3333333; 44.4333333
Country  Iraq
Province Baghdad
Established 762 AD.
Founded by Abu Jafar al-Mansour
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Baghdad City Advisory Council
 • Mayor Saber Nabet Al-Essawi
Area
 • Total 2,260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population
 • Estimate (2011) 7,216,040
 • Rank 1st
  [1][2]
Time zone Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) No DST (UTC)

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Estimates of total population are very different depending on which source is used. The Encyclopædia Britannica gives a 2001 population of 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,040 in 2011.
    • "Baghdad" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 November 2006.
    • Baghdad from GlobalSecurity.org
  2. "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000", Mongabay.com