Baghdad

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Baghdad

بغداد
Clockwise from top: Aerial view of the Green Zone; Al-Mustansiriya University; Al-Kadhimiya Mosque; Swords of Qadisiyah monument; and the National Museum of Iraq
Nickname(s): 
'The City of Peace'[1]
Baghdad is located in Iraq
Baghdad
Baghdad
Location of Baghdad within Iraq
Baghdad is located in Asia
Baghdad
Baghdad
Baghdad (Asia)
Coordinates: 33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383Coordinates: 33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383
Country Iraq
GovernorateBaghdad
Established762 AD
Founded byAbu Jafar al-Mansur
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyBaghdad City Advisory Council
 • MayorZekra Alwach
Area
 • Total204.2 km2 (78.8 sq mi)
Elevation
34 m (112 ft)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2016)
8,765,000
 • Rank1st
Demonym(s)Baghdadi
Time zoneUTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)No DST
Postal code
10001 to 10090
WebsiteMayoralty of Baghdad

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.

References[change | change source]

  1. Petersen, Andrew (13 September 2011). "Baghdad (Madinat al-Salam)". Islamic Arts & Architecture.