Baghdad

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Baghdad
بغداد
Metropolis
Clockwise from top: Aerial view of the Green Zone; Al-Mustansiriya University; Al-Kadhimiya Mosque; Swords of Qadisiyah monument; and the National Museum of Iraq
Nickname(s): 'The City of Peace'[1]
Baghdad is located in Iraq
Baghdad
Baghdad
Baghdad is located in Asia
Baghdad
Baghdad
Location of Baghdad within Iraq
Coordinates: 33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383Coordinates: 33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383
Country  Iraq
Governorate Baghdad
Established 762 AD
Founded by Abu Jafar al-Mansur
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Body Baghdad City Advisory Council
 • Mayor Zekra Alwach
Area
 • Total 204.2 km2 (78.8 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Population
 • Estimate (2016) 8,765,000
 • Rank 1st
Demonym(s) Baghdadi
Time zone Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) No DST (UTC)
Postal code 10001 to 10090
Website Mayoralty of Baghdad

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.

References[change | change source]

  1. Petersen, Andrew (13 September 2011). "Baghdad (Madinat al-Salam)". Islamic Arts & Architecture.