Cairo

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Cairo
القاهرة
Metropolis
Towers on the Nile.jpg
مسجد أحمد ابن طولون1.jpg Muizz Street - Egypt.jpg
CairoTalaatHarbToEast.jpg Qalaa from Azhar Park.jpg Baron Palace.jpg
Flag of Cairo
Flag
Coat of arms of Cairo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The City of a Thousand Minarets
Cairo is located in Egypt
Cairo
Cairo
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Cairo is located in Africa
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo (Africa)
Coordinates: 30°2′40″N 31°14′9″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583Coordinates: 30°2′40″N 31°14′9″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583
Country  Egypt
Governorate Cairo
Founded 969 CE
Founded by Fatimid dynasty
Government
 • Governor Atef Abd El Hamid[1]
Area[source?]
 • Metropolis 606 km2 (234 sq mi)
 • Metro 17,267.6 km2 (6,667.1 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Metropolis 19,500,000
 • Density 19,376/km2 (50,180/sq mi)
 • Urban 18,290,000
 • Metro 20,439,541
 • Demonym Cairene
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Area code(s) (+20) 2
Website www.cairo.gov.eg
Official name Historic Cairo
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, vi
Designated 1979
Reference no. [2]
State Party Egypt
Region Arab States
The town center of Cairo, seen from the Cairo tower.
A map of Egypt. Cairo is the light green spot.

Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة‎, usually transliterated as Al-Qāhirah) is a city in Egypt. The city name can be translated as the one who won. Cairo is sometimes called "Mother of the World" (Um al Dunya).[3]

The city is the capital and largest city in Egypt.

Cairo has 7,947,121 people. About 17,290,000 people live in its urban area. This makes it the biggest city of the Arab World.[4] It also is the city with the biggest urban area in Africa

The city is on the Nile River.

Geography[change | change source]

Climate[change | change source]

The city of Cairo has a hot desert climate (BWh), meaning it has a hot, sunny and dry climate a year long. The city, however, has more humidity than other cities with the hot desert climate (BWh).

Climate data for Cairo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88.0
(31.11)
93.6
(34.22)
100.2
(37.89)
109.8
(43.22)
118.0
(47.78)
115.5
(46.39)
108.7
(42.61)
110.1
(43.39)
110.7
(43.72)
106.0
(41.11)
99.3
(37.39)
86.4
(30.22)
118.0
(47.78)
Average high °F (°C) 66.0
(18.89)
68.7
(20.39)
74.3
(23.5)
82.9
(28.28)
90.0
(32.22)
93.0
(33.89)
94.5
(34.72)
93.6
(34.22)
90.7
(32.61)
84.6
(29.22)
76.6
(24.78)
68.5
(20.28)
81.95
(27.75)
Daily mean °F (°C) 56.5
(13.61)
58.8
(14.89)
62.4
(16.89)
70.2
(21.22)
76.1
(24.5)
81.1
(27.28)
81.7
(27.61)
81.3
(27.39)
79.0
(26.11)
73.9
(23.28)
66.0
(18.89)
59.0
(15)
70.5
(21.389)
Average low °F (°C) 48.0
(8.89)
49.5
(9.72)
52.9
(11.61)
58.3
(14.61)
63.9
(17.72)
68.2
(20.11)
72.0
(22.22)
71.8
(22.11)
68.9
(20.5)
63.3
(17.39)
57.4
(14.11)
50.7
(10.39)
60.41
(15.782)
Record low °F (°C) 34.2
(1.22)
38.5
(3.61)
41.0
(5)
45.7
(7.61)
54.1
(12.28)
61.0
(16.11)
64.8
(18.22)
66.0
(18.89)
58.1
(14.5)
54.1
(12.28)
41.4
(5.22)
37.0
(2.78)
34.2
(1.22)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.20
(5.1)
0.15
(3.8)
0.15
(3.8)
0.04
(1)
0.02
(0.5)
0.00
(0)
0.00
(0)
0.00
(0)
0.00
(0)
0.03
(0.8)
0.15
(3.8)
0.23
(5.8)
0.97
(24.6)
Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN) (1971–2000),[5][6]

History[change | change source]

The area around the city was an important focal point of Ancient Egypt.

In 968, the Fatimids entered Egypt and they made Cairo the capital of their caliphate.[7]

The Al Azhar mosque and university was made in 972. This became the world's oldest university. It is the most widely known seminary in the Islamic world.[3]

In 1992, Cairo was devastated by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake that caused 545 deaths, injuring 6,512, and made 50,000 people homeless, the most destructive since 1847.

Tourism[change | change source]

The Egyptian museum

The great pyramids of Giza and the step pyramid of Sakkara are just outside of the city.[3]

The Egyptian Museum holds the world’s largest collection of antiquities from the time of the ancient Pharaohs. Many treasures from the tomb of King Tutankhamun are in this museum.[3]

Famous Cairenes[change | change source]

People from Cairo are called 'Cairenes'.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. "محافظ القاهرة يرفض تطوير المستثمرين الحدائق.. ويؤكد: "هيسحلوا الغلابة"". Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Historic Cairo – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Hedges, Chris. "What's Doing in Cairo," New York Times. January 8, 1995.
  4. Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. "Weather Information for Cairo". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  6. "Cairo (A) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 14, 2014. 
  7. Beeson, Irene. "Cairo, a Millennial," Saudi Aramco World. September/October 1969, pp. 24, 26-30.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]