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Tutankhamun's burial mask
Tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings

Tutankhamun (sometimes called King Tut) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt from about 1334 BC to 1323 BC. He became Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (royal family) during the New Kingdom at 9 years old.

Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten and one of Akhenaten's sisters,[1] or perhaps one of his cousins.[2] Tutankhamun ruled for 9 years and died very young, at 18, so he is known as The Boy King. He was married to his half-sister Ankhesenamun, daughter of Queen Nefertiti, his step mother.

In his third year of his reign, Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during his father's reign. He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges were restored to its priesthood. The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city of Akhetaten abandoned.[3] This is when he changed his name to Tutankhamun, "Living image of Amun", reinforcing the restoration of Amun.

Illness and death[change | change source]

Recent studies of his body using CT scans and DNA tests, show that he was a very frail person who probably needed a walking stick. Scientists now believe he died from a broken leg, made more complicated by bone disease and malaria.[4] Before this discovery there were many theories about his early death including murder. It is quite certain that he was infected by several strains of malaria, and very likely that he had some genetic defects caused by inbreeding. His parents were brother and sister.[5] The final cause of his death is still unclear.

New galleries in Cairo Museum[change | change source]

Four new halls in the Tutankhamun Gallery have been opened in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hawass, Zahi (2010). "Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family". Journal of the American Medical Association 303 (7): 640–641. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=185393. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  2. Powell, Alvin (12 February 2013). "A different take on Tut". Harvard Gazette. http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2013/02/a-different-take-on-tut/?utm_source=SilverpopMailing&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=02.12.13.xxx%2520%281%29. Retrieved 12 And he died beacause of he got shoot in the head 2013.
  3. Erik Hornung, Akhenaten and the religion of light, Translated by David Lorton, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8014-8725-0.
  4. Hasan, Lama (2010). "How King Tut died revealed in new study". ABC World News. ABC. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/LivingLonger/king-tut-died-revealed-study/story?id=9853119#.UMT1DOR4xiN. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  5. Hawass Z. et al 2010. Ancestry and pathology in King Tutankhamun's family. Supreme Council of Antiquities, Cairo, Egypt. JAMA. 303(7):638-47. [1]
  6. BBC News: Egypt unveils renovated Tutankhamun gallery. [2]