OECD

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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Logo of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Logo
OECD member states map.svg
  Founder States (1961)
  Other Member States
SecretariatFrance Paris, France
Official languagesEnglish
French
Membership
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Mathias Cormann
Establishment
• as the OEECa
16 April 1948
• reformed as the OECD
30 September 1961
  1. Organisation for European Economic Co-operation.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation of countries. Member countries of OECD all have a democratic system of government. They also accept the principle of a free economy. A country has a free economy when its government does not control the economic activities of its citizens and companies.

The OECD started 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). The Second World War had just ended three years before in 1945. Some countries of Europe came together to form OEEC to help each other re-build their industry and other things destroyed in the Second World War. Later on, some non-European countries also joined this organisation. In 1960, OEEC changed its name, and it became OECD: the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris.

Secretaries General[change | change source]

Secretary-General of the OECD[1]
No. Secretary-General Time served Country of origin Notes
1 Thorkil Kristensen 30 September 1961 – 30 September 1969 Denmark Denmark
2 Emiel van Lennep 1 October 1969 – 30 September 1984 Netherlands Netherlands
3 Jean-Claude Paye 1 October 1984 – 30 September 1994 France France
Staffan Sohlman (interim) 1 October 1994 – November 1994 Sweden Sweden [2][3]
3 Jean-Claude Paye November 1994 – 31 May 1996 France France [4]
4 Donald Johnston 1 June 1996 – 31 May 2006 Canada Canada
5 José Ángel Gurría 1 June 2006 – 31 May 2021 Mexico Mexico [5]
6 Mathias Cormann 1 June 2021 – present Australia Australia [6]

Members[change | change source]

OECD has thirty-eight member countries,[7] of which 19 became members in 1961. These countries are:

  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Canada
  4. Denmark
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Greece
  8. Iceland
  9. Ireland
  10. Luxembourg
  11. Netherlands
  12. Norway
  13. Portugal
  14. Spain
  15. Sweden
  16. Switzerland
  17. Turkey
  18. United Kingdom
  19. United States

19 countries joined OECD after 1961. The names of these countries (with the year they joined in brackets), are:

  1. Italy (1962)
  2. Japan (1964)
  3. Finland (1969)
  4. Australia (1971)
  5. New Zealand (1973)
  6. Mexico (1994)
  7. Czechia (1995)
  8. Hungary (1996)
  9. South Korea (1996)
  10. Poland(1996)
  11. Slovakia (2000)
  12. Chile (2010)
  13. Estonia (2010)
  14. Israel (2010)
  15. Slovenia (2010)
  16. Latvia (2016)
  17. Lithuania (2018)
  18. Colombia (2020)
  19. Costa Rica (2021)

References[change | change source]

  1. "List of OECD Secretaries-General and Deputies since 1961". oecd.org. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  2. "After A Battle, Oecd Settles On Swede To Be Interim Leader". Joc.com. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  3. Friedman, Alan (29 October 1994). "U.S. Rejects Extending Paye's Term : Rift Over OECD Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  4. ; Richard Woodward, The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2009, Routledge)
  5. "Members renew Angel Gurría's mandate at the helm of the OECD". OECD. oecd members.
  6. "Mathias Cormann elected next secretary-general of OECD". News.com.au. 13 March 2021.
  7. http://www.oecd.org/about/members-and-partners/

Other websites[change | change source]

Video clips[change | change source]