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Republic of Kosovo

Coat of arms
Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)
42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
Official languagesAlbanian
Ethnic groups
92% Albanians
  a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians[1]
• Total
10,908 km2 (4,212 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$12.777 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$5.601 billion[5]
• Per capita
CurrencyEuro (); Serbian dinar (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+381 (Serbia) for fixed lines; mobile phone providers in Kosovo use +377 (Monaco) or +386 (Slovenia)
  1. Most Kosovo boycotted the 2011 Census; estimates vary between 6-8 % of overall population within Kosovo, and additional 200-300.000 abroad

Kosovo officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë, Kosova or Kosovo ) is a republic in the Balkans. It is recognised by most of the countries of the United Nations as an independent country however, some view the disputed region to be part of Serbia. Kosovo declared itself a country due to its majority Albanian population they decided to separate from Serbia and to join Albania.

It has been part of the lands of Dardani in the years BC, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ottoman Empires, then the Kingdom of Serbia, Italian Empire and Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, the territory came under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).

The Assembly of Kosovo declared indepedence in February 2008. This is disputed by Serbia who don't accept their call of independence. Serbia still sees the territory as Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija

To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is the Republic of North Macedonia. To the west of Kosovo are the Albania and Montenegro. The capital is Prishtina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo. The majority of them are of Albanian origin. Schools in Kosovo are all in the Albanian language, even though some Serbs still live in the country.

Divisions[change | change source]

Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:

No. District Capital Area (km²) Population Municipalities
1 District of Peja Peja 1,365 174,235 Peja, Burim, Klina
2 District of Mitrovica Mitrovica 2,077 272,247 Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan
3 District of Prishtina Prishtina 2,470 477,312 Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina
4 District of Gjilan Gjilan 1,206 180,783 Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia
5 District of Gjakova Gjakova 1,129 194,672 Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec
6 District of Prizren Prizren 1,397 331,670 Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka
7 District of Ferizaj Ferizaj 1,030 185,806 Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. CIA World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kv.html 
  2. "Population estimates for Kosovo July 2011" (PDF). Census 2011. Kosovo statistical office. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Kosovo PPP". IMF. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  4. "CIA: Kosovo". Cia.gov. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  5. "Kosovo". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 April 2011.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
  • R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
  • Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
  • Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
  • Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
  • Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
  • Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons