The English used in this article may not be easy for everybody to understand. (January 2012)
Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
|Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)|
|Ethnic groups |
a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians
|10,908 km2 (4,212 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
|159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Euro (€); Serbian dinar (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|Calling code||+381 (Serbia) for fixed lines; mobile phone providers in Kosovo use +377 (Monaco) or +386 (Slovenia)|
Kosovo officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë, Kosova or Kosovo ) is a republic in the Balkans. It is recognised by most of the countries of the United Nations as an independent country however, some view the disputed region to be part of Serbia. Kosovo declared itself a country due to its majority Albanian population they decided to separate from Serbia and to join Albania.
It has been part of the lands of Dardani in the years BC, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ottoman Empires, then the Kingdom of Serbia, Italian Empire and Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, the territory came under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).
The Assembly of Kosovo declared indepedence in February 2008. This is disputed by Serbia who don't accept their call of independence. Serbia still sees the territory as Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija
To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is the Republic of North Macedonia. To the west of Kosovo are the Albania and Montenegro. The capital is Prishtina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo. The majority of them are of Albanian origin. Schools in Kosovo are all in the Albanian language, even though some Serbs still live in the country.
Divisions[change | change source]
Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:
|1||District of Peja||Peja||1,365||174,235||Peja, Burim, Klina|
|2||District of Mitrovica||Mitrovica||2,077||272,247||Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan|
|3||District of Prishtina||Prishtina||2,470||477,312||Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina|
|4||District of Gjilan||Gjilan||1,206||180,783||Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia|
|5||District of Gjakova||Gjakova||1,129||194,672||Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec|
|6||District of Prizren||Prizren||1,397||331,670||Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka|
|7||District of Ferizaj||Ferizaj||1,030||185,806||Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë|
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- CIA World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kv.html
- "Population estimates for Kosovo July 2011" (PDF). Census 2011. Kosovo statistical office. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- "Kosovo PPP". IMF. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "CIA: Kosovo". Cia.gov. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "Kosovo". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- History of Kosovo and Metohija
- The Rastko Project
- Coordination Center of SCG and the Republic of Serbia for Kosovo
- Eastern Orthodox Resource Centre
- Hugo Roth, Kosovo Origins: an historian's comprehensive overview
- Serbia's Title Over Kosovo - Website led by the Belgrade law students
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
- R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
- Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
- Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
- Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
- Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
- Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
- Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons