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| conventional_long_name = Kosova
| common_name = Kosova
| image_flag = Flag of Serbia.svg
| image_coat = Coat of arms of Serbia.svg
| official_languages = Albanian, Serbian
| demonym = Kosovans
| image_map2 = Kosovo in its region.svg
| map_caption2 = Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
| image_map = Kosovo map-en.svg
| map_caption = Kosovo physical map
| ethnic_groups = 92% Albanians
a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians | ethnic_groups_year = 2008 | capital = Belgrade Kosova is part of Serbia , located in south of Serbia.
Kosovo was part of the Dardani lands in ancient times. The Dardani were conquered by the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, it became part of the Byzantine Empire. It was taken over by them and the Bulgarian Empire. The Servian Empire also defeated then. Soon after the Servian defeat in the Battle of Kosovo, it became part of the Ottoman Empire.
When the Turks left the Balkans, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. In World War I, it briefly became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Then in World War II, after Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria invaded, it was taken by the Italian EmpireKingdom of Albania. After the war, it became part of Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, it was under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).
Geography[change | change source]
To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is North Macedonia. To the northwest is Montenegro and to the southwest is Albania. The capital is Pristina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo.
Demographics[change | change source]
The official results of the censuses in Kosovo about ethnic groups and nationality from after World War II to 1991 are below. The numbers of Albanians in the 1991 census were only guesses based on censuses in the past. Most Albanians did not do the 1991 census. Today, Kosovo is mainly Albanian.
|1948 census||1953 census||1961 census||1971 census||1981 census||1991 census|
|Others or not said||1,577||0.2||2,469||0.3||2,188||0.2||4,280||0.3||3,454||0.2||11,656||0.6|
Divisions[change | change source]
Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:
|1||District of Peja||Peja||1,365||174,235||Peja, Burim, Klina|
|2||District of Mitrovica||Mitrovica||2,077||272,247||Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan|
|3||District of Prishtina||Prishtina||2,470||477,312||Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina|
|4||District of Gjilan||Gjilan||1,206||180,783||Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia|
|5||District of Gjakova||Gjakova||1,129||194,672||Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec|
|6||District of Prizren||Prizren||1,397||331,670||Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka|
|7||District of Ferizaj||Ferizaj||1,030||185,806||Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë|
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- History of Kosovo and Metohija
- The Rastko Project
- Coordination Center of SCG and the Republic of Serbia for Kosovo
- Eastern Orthodox Resource Centre
- Hugo Roth, Kosovo Origins: an historian's comprehensive overview
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
- R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
- Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
- Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
- Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
- Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
- Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
- Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
- Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7
Other websites[change | change source]
- Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons