Kosovo

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{{Infobox country | conventional_long_name = Kosova | common_name = Kosova | image_flag = Flag of Serbia.svg | image_coat = Coat of arms of Serbia.svg | official_languages = Albanian, Serbian | demonym = Kosovans | image_map2 = Kosovo in its region.svg | map_caption2 = Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe | image_map = Kosovo map-en.svg | map_caption = Kosovo physical map | ethnic_groups = 92% Albanians
  a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians[1] | ethnic_groups_year = 2008 | capital = Belgrade Kosova is part of Serbia , located in south of Serbia.

Kosovo was part of the Dardani lands in ancient times. The Dardani were conquered by the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, it became part of the Byzantine Empire. It was taken over by them and the Bulgarian Empire. The Servian Empire also defeated then. Soon after the Servian defeat in the Battle of Kosovo, it became part of the Ottoman Empire.

When the Turks left the Balkans, it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. In World War I, it briefly became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Then in World War II, after Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria invaded, it was taken by the Italian EmpireKingdom of Albania. After the war, it became part of Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, it was under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).

Geography[change | change source]

To the north and east of Kosovo is the Republic of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is North Macedonia. To the northwest is Montenegro and to the southwest is Albania. The capital is Pristina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About 1.8 million people live in Kosovo.

Demographics[change | change source]

The official results of the censuses in Kosovo about ethnic groups and nationality from after World War II to 1991 are below. The numbers of Albanians in the 1991 census were only guesses based on censuses in the past. Most Albanians did not do the 1991 census. Today, Kosovo is mainly Albanian.

Ethnic
group
1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Albanians 498,244 68.5 524,559 64.9 646,605 67.1 916,168 73.7 1,226,736 77.4 1,596,072 81.6
Serbs 171,911 23.6 189,869 23.5 227,016 23.5 228,264 18.4 209,498 13.2 194,190 9.9
Muslims 9,679 1.3 6,241 0.8 8,026 0.8 26,357 2.1 58,562 3.7 66,189 3.4
Montenegrins 28,050 3.9 31,343 3.9 37,588 3.9 31,555 2.5 27,028 1.7 20,365 1.1
Croats 5,290 0.7 6,201 0.8 7,251 0.8 8,264 0.7 8,718 0.6 8,062 0.4
Yugoslavs 5,206 0.5 920 0.1 2,676 0.2 3,457 0.2
Romani 11,230 1.5 11,904 1.5 3,202 0.3 14.593 1.2 34,126 2.2 45,760 2.3
Turks 1,315 0.2 34,583 4.3 25,764 2.7 12,244 1.0 12,513 0.8 10,445 0.5
Macedonians 526 0.1 972 0.1 1,142 0.1 1,048 0.1 1,056 0.1
Others or not said 1,577 0.2 2,469 0.3 2,188 0.2 4,280 0.3 3,454 0.2 11,656 0.6
Total 727,820 808,141 963,988 1,243,693 1,584,441 1,956,196

Divisions[change | change source]

Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:

No. District Capital Area (km²) Population Municipalities
1 District of Peja Peja 1,365 174,235 Peja, Burim, Klina
2 District of Mitrovica Mitrovica 2,077 272,247 Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan
3 District of Prishtina Prishtina 2,470 477,312 Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina
4 District of Gjilan Gjilan 1,206 180,783 Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia
5 District of Gjakova Gjakova 1,129 194,672 Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec
6 District of Prizren Prizren 1,397 331,670 Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka
7 District of Ferizaj Ferizaj 1,030 185,806 Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "CIA World Factbook". CIA. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
  • R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
  • Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
  • Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
  • Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
  • Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
  • Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons