Kosovo

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Republic of Kosovo

  • Republika e Kosovës  (Albanian)
  • Република Косово  (Serbian)
Emblem of Kosovo
Emblem
Anthem: "Europe"[1]
Location in Europe
Location in Europe
StatusDisputed
Capital
and largest city
Pristinaa
42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
Official languages
Regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2005)[4]
Religion
(2011)[5]
Demonym(s)
  • Kosovar, Kosovan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Vjosa Osmani
Albin Kurti
Glauk Konjufca
LegislatureAssembly
Establishment
• Kosovo Vilayet and Independence from Ottoman Empire
1877
31 January 1946
2 July 1990
9 June 1999
10 June 1999
17 February 2008
10 September 2012
19 April 2013
Area
• Total
10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
1.0[6]
Population
• 2021 estimate
1,935,259[7] (152nd)
• Density
159/km2 (411.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $23.524 billion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $13,017[8]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $8.402 billion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $4,649[8]
Gini (2017)Negative increase 29.0[9]
low · 121
HDI (2016)Increase 0.742[10]
high
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+383
ISO 3166 codeXK
Internet TLD.xk (proposed)
  1. Pristina is the official capital.[11] Prizren is the historic capital of Kosovo.[11]
  2. Adopted unilaterally; Kosovo is not a formal member of the eurozone.
  3. XK is a "user assigned" ISO 3166 code not designated by the standard, but used by the European Commission, Switzerland, the Deutsche Bundesbank and other organisations. However, ISO 3166-2:RS-KM remains in use.

Kosovo (/ˈkɒsəvoʊ, ˈkoʊ-/; Albanian: Kosova or Kosovë, pronounced [kɔˈsɔva] or [kɔˈsɔvə]; Serbian Cyrillic: Косово, pronounced [kôsoʋo]), officially the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Republika e Kosovës; Serbian: Република Косово / Republika Kosovo), is a partially-recognised state and disputed territory in Southeastern Europe. On 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 95 UN member states.

Geography[change | change source]

Geographically defined in an area of 10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi), Kosovo is landlocked in the center of the Balkans and bordered by the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest and Montenegro to the west. It possesses remarkable varied and diverse landscapes for its size by climate along with geology and hydrology. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and Kosovo. The rugged Prokletije and Šar Mountains rise in the southwest and southeast, respectively.

Demographics[change | change source]

The official results of the censuses in Kosovo about ethnic groups and nationality from after World War II to 1991 are below. The numbers of Albanians in the 1991 census were only guesses based on censuses in the past. Most Albanians did not do the 1991 census. Today, Kosovo is mainly Albanian.

Ethnic
group
1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Albanians 498,244 68.5 524,559 64.9 646,605 67.1 916,168 73.7 1,226,736 77.4 1,596,072 81.6
Serbs 171,911 23.6 189,869 23.5 227,016 23.5 228,264 18.4 209,498 13.2 194,190 9.9
Muslims 9,679 1.3 6,241 0.8 8,026 0.8 26,357 2.1 58,562 3.7 66,189 3.4
Montenegrins 28,050 3.9 31,343 3.9 37,588 3.9 31,555 2.5 27,028 1.7 20,365 1.1
Croats 5,290 0.7 6,201 0.8 7,251 0.8 8,264 0.7 8,718 0.6 8,062 0.4
Yugoslavs 5,206 0.5 920 0.1 2,676 0.2 3,457 0.2
Romani 11,230 1.5 11,904 1.5 3,202 0.3 14.593 1.2 34,126 2.2 45,760 2.3
Turks 1,315 0.2 34,583 4.3 25,764 2.7 12,244 1.0 12,513 0.8 10,445 0.5
Macedonians 526 0.1 972 0.1 1,142 0.1 1,048 0.1 1,056 0.1
Others or not said 1,577 0.2 2,469 0.3 2,188 0.2 4,280 0.3 3,454 0.2 11,656 0.6
Total 727,820 808,141 963,988 1,243,693 1,584,441 1,956,196

Divisions[change | change source]

Kosovo is divided into 7 districts. These districts include 38 municipalities:

No. District Capital Area (km²) Population Municipalities
1 District of Peja Peja 1,365 174,235 Peja, Burim, Klina
2 District of Mitrovica Mitrovica 2,077 272,247 Leposaviq, Mitrovica, North Mitrovica, Skenderaj, Vushtrri, Zubin Potok, Zveçan
3 District of Prishtina Prishtina 2,470 477,312 Drenas, Graçanica, Fushë Kosovë, Lipjan, Artana, Kastriot, Podujevo, Prishtina
4 District of Gjilan Gjilan 1,206 180,783 Gjilan, Kamenica, Kllokot, Partesh, Ranillug, Vitia
5 District of Gjakova Gjakova 1,129 194,672 Deçan, Gjakova, Junik, Rahovec
6 District of Prizren Prizren 1,397 331,670 Dragash, Malisheva, Mamusha, Prizren, Suhareka
7 District of Ferizaj Ferizaj 1,030 185,806 Ferizaj, Hani i Elezit, Kaçanik, Shtime, Shtërpcë

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Assembly approves Kosovo anthem". B92. 11 June 2008. Archived from the original on 15 February 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2008.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. "Israel's ties with Kosovo: What new opportunities await?". The Jerusalem Post. 1 February 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  3. "Municipal language compliance in Kosovo". OSCE Minsk Group. Turkish language is currently official in Prizren and Mamuşa/Mamushë/Mamuša municipalities. In 2007 and 2008, the municipalities of Gjilan/Gnjilane, southern Mitrovicë/Mitrovica, Prishtinë/Priština and Vushtrri/Vučitrn also recognized Turkish as a language in official use.
  4. "Kosovo Population 2019". World Population Review. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  5. "Kosovo Population and Housing Census 2011 - Final Results: Quality Report". unstats.un.org. United Nations Statistics Division. 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  6. "Water percentage in Kosovo (Facts about Kosovo; 2011 Agriculture Statistics)". Kosovo Agency of Statistics, KAS. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017.
  7. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/kosovo/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  9. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)–Kosovo". World Bank. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  10. "Kosovo Human Development Report 2016". United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 19 October 2016. Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Ligji Nr. 06/L-012 për Kryeqytetin e Republikës së Kosovës, Prishtinën" (in Albanian). Gazeta Zyrtare e Republikës së Kosovës. 6 June 2018. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
  • R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
  • Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
  • Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
  • Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
  • Batakovic, Dusan T. (2007). Kosovo and Metohija: Living in the Enclave. Balkanološki institut SANU.
  • Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
  • Batakovic, DuIsan T. (2008). Kosovo: un conflit sans fin?. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5.
  • Batakovic, Dusan T. (2012). Serbia's Kosovo Drama: A Historical Perspective. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Media related to Kosovo at Wikimedia Commons