Prishtina

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Pristina, Kosovo

Prishtinë / Prishtina  (Albanian)
Priština / Приштина  (Serbian)
Clockwise from top: Panorama of Pristina, Clock Tower, Skanderbeg Square, National Library, Newborn Monument, Government of Kosovo, Skanderbeg Square, the National Museum and Prishtina at night.
Clockwise from top: Panorama of Pristina, Clock Tower, Skanderbeg Square, National Library, Newborn Monument, Government of Kosovo, Skanderbeg Square, the National Museum and Prishtina at night.
Flag of Pristina, Kosovo
Flag
Official logo of Pristina, Kosovo
Emblem
Pristina, Kosovo is located in Serbia
Pristina, Kosovo
Pristina, Kosovo
Pristina, Kosovo is located in Europe
Pristina, Kosovo
Pristina, Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167Coordinates: 42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictPristina
Government
 • MayorShpend Ahmeti (PSD)
Area
 • City and Municipality572 km2 (221 sq mi)
 • Urban
30.3 km2 (11.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
30.3 km2 (11.7 sq mi)
Elevation
652 m (2,139 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Rank1
 • City and municipality
204,725
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ZIP code
10.000
Area code(s)+383 (0)38
Vehicle registration01
WebsiteOfficial Site

Pristina[1] or Prishtina (UK: /ˈprʃtɪnə, prɪʃˈtnə/,[2] US: /ˈprɪʃtɪnə, -nɑː/;[3][4] Albanian: Prishtina or Prishtinë [pɾiʃˈtinə] (About this soundlisten); Serbian: Приштина) [a] is a city in Kosovo. It has a mostly Albanian population, but also some Serbs.[5][6] In Serbia, it is the 4th largest city. It is in the north-eastern part of Kosovo, close to the Goljak mountains.

History[change | change source]

In ancient history, the Vinča culture lived in the area.[7][8][9] The city was part of the Roman Empire between 28 BC and 850 AD. After that, the Byzantine and Bulgarian Empires fought for control, taking Kosovo back and forth, between 850 and 1180. Then it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. For most of that time, it was the capital of Serbia. When the Serbs lost the Battle of Kosovo, the Ottoman Empire took the city.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Define Pristina". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  2. "Pristina". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  3. "Priština" (US) and "Priština". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  4. Template:Cite American Heritage Dictionary
  5. Prishtina Development Plan Document: http://prishtinaonline.com/uploads/prishtina_pzhk_2012-2022_shqip%20(1).pdf
  6. Official gov't census: http://esk.rks-gov.net/rekos2011/repository/docs/REKOS%20LEAFLET%20ALB%20FINAL.pdf
  7. [1], The Cambridge ancient history: The fourth century B.C. Volume 6 of The Cambridge ancient history, Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, ISBN 0-521-85073-8, ISBN 978-0-521-85073-5, Authors: D. M. Lewis, John Boardman, Editors: D. M. Lewis, John Boardman, Edition 2, Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 1994 ISBN 0-521-23348-8, ISBN 978-0-521-23348-4.
  8. Adams, Douglas Q. (1997). James P. Mallory (ed.). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5.
  9. Wilson, Nigel Guy (2006). Encyclopedia Of Ancient Greece. Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 978-0-415-97334-2.




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