First Bulgarian Empire

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First Bulgarian Empire
Първo Българско царство
Părvo Bălgarsko Tsarstvo
Bulgarian Empire at its greatest extent c. 920 under Simeon I the Great
Capital Pliska (681–893)
Preslav (893–972)
Skopie (972–992)
Ohrid (992–1185)
Languages Bulgar language, Old Bulgarian
Religion Tengrism (state religion),
Slavic Paganism (681–864),
Orthodox Christianity (864–1018)
Government Monarchy
Khan/Tsar (Emperor)
 •  681–700 Asparukh
 •  1018 Presian II
Legislature Kurultai
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Established 632
 •  Arrival of Asparukh 681
 •  Christianisation 864
 •  Fall to the Byzantine Empire 1185
 •  Disestablished 1185
 •  10th century 750,000 km2 (290,000 sq mi)
 •  10th century est. 4,000,000 
     Density 5/km2 (14/sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Old Great Bulgaria
Second Bulgarian Empire

The First Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state founded in AD 632 in the lands near the Danube Delta and disintegrated in AD 1185 after its annexation to the Byzantine Empire.