Cyrillic alphabet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Cyrillic)
Jump to: navigation, search
CYRILLIC LETTER DZHE.png
This article contains Cyrillic text. Without the correct software, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Cyrillic letters.

The Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced 'sih-ril-ic') is a native Slavic alphabet. Now it is used to write Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Rusyn, Bulgarian, Macedonian, and for all Serbo-Croatian languages. It was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 10th century and was required by the Soviet Union for many non-Slavic languages in the Caucasus, Siberia, Central Asia, and in Northern Russia.

А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я
Cyrillic Alphabet

History[change | change source]

Old Church Slavonic was the original language of the Slavic people. Old Church Slavonic was used for Russian Orthodox and literary In the 9th century, two monks named St. Cyril and Methodius, were missionaries in Eastern Europe who preached to the Slavic people by inventing Galgolitic, which was early Cyrillic.[1]

John 4.16 in Old Church Slavonic
John 4.16 in Old Church Slavonic

During the 18th century Nikolay Karamzin (Nee-kol-ay Karam-zeen) added the Э, Й, and Ё letters.

In 1708 Peter the Great added lowercase forms to the letters.

In 1919 the Soviet Union was thinking of removing the Cyrillic alphabet to replace it with the Latin Alphabet.[2]

Related Pages[change | change source]


  1. "Old Church Slavonic alphabet and language". www.omniglot.com. http://www.omniglot.com/writing/ocslavonic.htm. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  2. "Alphabet — LearnRussian". learnrussian.rt.com. http://learnrussian.rt.com/alphabet/the-history-of-the-cyrillic-alphabet/. Retrieved 2017-04-20.