The Roman or Latin alphabet is the alphabet used to write many modern-day languages. It is the most used alphabet and writing system in the world today. It is the official script for nearly all the languages of Western Europe, and of some Eastern Europe languages. It is also used by some non-European languages such as Turkish, Vietnamese, Bahasa Melayu, Bahasa Indonesia, Swahili, and Tagalog. It is an alternative writing system for languages such as Hindi, Urdu, and Somali.
The alphabet is a writing system which evolved from a western variety of the Greek alphabet. It was the Etruscans who first developed it after borrowing the Greek alphabet, and the Romans developed it further. The sounds of some letters changed, some letters were lost and gained, and several writing styles ('hands') developed. Two such styles were combined into one script with upper and lower case letters ('capitals' and 'small letters'). Modern uppercase letters differ only slightly from their Roman counterparts. There are few regional variations.
Letters of the alphabet[change | change source]
Original Latin alphabet[change | change source]
|Latin name of letter:||ā||bē||kē||dē||ē||ef||gē||hā||ī||kā||el||em||en||ō||pē||qū||er||es||tē||ū||ex||ī Graeca||zēta|
|Latin name (IPA):||[aː]||[beː]||[keː]||[deː]||[eː]||[ɛf]||[geː]||[haː]||[iː]||[kaː]||[ɛl]||[ɛm]||[ɛn]||[oː]||[peː]||[kuː]||[ɛr]||[ɛs]||[teː]||[uː]||[ɛks]||[iː 'graɪka]||['zeːta]|
New alphabet[change | change source]
The modern version of the alphabet is used for writing many languages. European languages, especially those of Western Europe, are mostly written with the Latin alphabet. These languages include German, English, and the Romance languages. Some languages, like Việtnamese, use an extended Latin alphabet, including diacritics for things such as tones. It uses the following letters:
Other versions[change | change source]
Some other languages have different characters based on this alphabet. A few are: ă, â, á, é, í, î, ó, ẹ, ị, ọ, ụ, ã, ả, ẻ, ỉ, ỏ, ủ, ñ, č, ď, ě, í, ň, ř, š, ș, ť, ț, ú, ů, ž and đ. Some languages that use these characters are Esperanto, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Tagalog, Vietnamese, and Igbo.
Many languages changed their writing systems to the Latin alphabet. In many countries, European settlers have made native people use it. When the Soviet Union broke up, many Eastern European countries[source?] began using the Latin alphabet instead of the Cyrillic alphabet. After World War II, many Turkish countries changed their original alphabets (Arab, Persian or Cyrillic) to Latin. The Latin Alphabet in Turkish countries started to be used by Kemal Ataturk in Turkey. It is now used in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan.
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
- Roman Alphabet -Citizendium