Solomon Islands

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Solomon Islands
Motto: "To Lead is to Serve"
Anthem: God Save Our Solomon Islands
and largest city
9°28′S 159°49′E / 9.467°S 159.817°E / -9.467; 159.817
Official languages English
Ethnic groups (1999) Melanesian 94.5%
Polynesian 3%
Micronesian 1.2%
other 1.1%
unspecified 0.2%
Demonym Solomon Islander
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Frank Kabui
 -  Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare
 -  from the United Kingdom 7 July 1978 
 -  Total 28,400 km2 (142nd)
10,965 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 3.2%
 -  2009 estimate 523,000[1] (170th)
 -  Density 18.1/km2 (189th)
46.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $1.514 billion[2]
 -  Per capita $2,818[2]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $657 million[2]
 -  Per capita $1,223[2]
HDI (2011) Steady 0.510
low · 142nd
Currency Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)
Time zone (UTC+11)
Drives on the left
Calling code +677
Internet TLD .sb

The Solomon Islands are a group of islands in the South Pacific. They are known for their beauty and for the many languages spoken there. The capital of the Solomon Islands is Honiara.

In the 1890's the islands became a protectorate of the British Empire. Empire of Japan forces arrived in early 1942 and the United States Marine Corps attacked them, starting the Guadalcanal Campaign.

Provinces[change | change source]

Provinces of the Solomon Islands, as of 1989 (click to enlarge).

The country is divided into nine provinces and the town of Honiara.

  1. Central
  2. Choiseul
  3. Guadalcanal
  4. Isabel
  5. Makira-Ulawa
  6. Malaita
  7. Rennell and Bellona
  8. Temotu
  9. Western
  10. Honiara City

References[change | change source]