Paraguay

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Republic of Paraguay
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Paz y justicia" (Spanish)
"Peace and justice"
Anthem: 
Paraguayos, República o Muerte  (Spanish)
Paraguayans, Republic or Death
Capital
and largest city
Asunción
25°16′S 57°40′W / 25.267°S 57.667°W / -25.267; -57.667
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2000)
Demonym Paraguayan
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Horacio Cartes
 -  Vice President Juan Afara
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Chamber of Senators
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  Declared 14 May 1811 
 -  Recognized 15 May 1811 
Area
 -  Total 406,752 km2 (60th)
157,048 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.3
Population
 -  2015 estimate 6,755,756[2] (105th)
 -  Density 17.2/km2 (204th)
39/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $63.356 billion[3] (100th)
 -  Per capita $8,905[3]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $26.804 billion[3] (99th)
 -  Per capita $3,767[3]
Gini (2012)  48.2[4]
high
HDI (2014) Increase 0.679[5]
medium · 112th
Currency Guaraní (PYG)
Time zone PYT (UTC–4)
 -  Summer (DST) PYST (UTC–3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +595
Internet TLD .py
a. Mixed European and Amerindian.

Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: República del Paraguay), is a small country in South America. It is landlocked, meaning that it does not touch the ocean. It is bordered to the North and East by Brazil, the West by Bolivia, and the South and Southeast by Argentina. The main languages are Spanish and Guaraní. Paraguay's population is about 6 million. The ethnic makeup of the population is like the following: Mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian) 80%, European 20%, unmixed Amerindian 1-3%, Asian 1-4%.

Over (20%) of the population lives below the poverty line.

Paraguay has two official languages, Spanish and Guarani. Guaraní is recognized as a national language.

The capital city is Asuncion. Asuncion was founded in 1537 by a man from Spain named Juan de Salazar. Paraguay was a colony of Spain. Paraguay became independent from Spain in 1811.

From 1865-1870 Paraguay lost land and most of its male population in the War of the Triple Alliance against Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. It gained land in the Chaco War against Bolivia in the 1930s.

Paraguay's religion is Roman Catholicism.

The weather is more humid in the east and dryer in the west.

Government and politics[change | change source]

Administrative subdivisions[change | change source]

Paraguay has 17 departments and one capital district (Distrito Capital). The departments are formed by districts.

The departments are grouped in two geographic regions, separated by the Paraguay river:

  • Occidental (Western) region or Chaco, to the north of the Paraguay river (departments: Alto Paraguay, Boquerón and Presidente Hayes)
  • Oriental (Eastern) region, to the south of the Paraguay river (departments: Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caaguazú, Caazapá, Canindeyú, Central, Concepción, Cordillera, Guairá, Itapúa, Misiones, Paraguarí, San Pedro and Ñeembucú; the capital district is part of this region)
Departments of Paraguay
No. Department Capital Population
(2002)
Area
(km²)
Districts
1 Concepción Concepción 179,450 18,051 8
2 San Pedro San Pedro 318,698 20,002 20
3 Cordillera Caacupé 233,854 4,948 20
4 Guairá Villarrica 178,650 3,846 18
5 Caaguazú Coronel Oviedo 435,357 11,474 21
6 Caazapá Caazapá 139,517 9,496 10
7 Itapúa Encarnación 453,692 16,525 30
8 Misiones San Juan Bautista 101,783 9,556 10
9 Paraguarí Paraguarí 221,932 8,705 17
10 Alto Paraná Ciudad del Este 558,672 14,895 21
11 Central Areguá 1,362,893 2,465 19
12 Ñeembucú Pilar 76,348 12,147 16
13 Amambay Pedro Juan Caballero 114,917 12,933 4
14 Canindeyú Salto del Guairá 140.137 14.667 12
15 Presidente Hayes Villa Hayes 82,493 72,907 8
16 Alto Paraguay Fuerte Olimpo 11,587 82,349 4
17 Boquerón Filadelfia 41,106 91,669 3
Distrito Capital Asunción 512,112 117 6

References[change | change source]