South America

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The Andes.

South America is the continent to the south of North America.[1][2] These two continents are separated by the Panama Canal. There are seven continents which make up the globe, South America being the 4th largest. South America includes 13 countries and 6 dependencies: Argentina, Aruba (Netherlands), Bolivia, Bonaire (Netherlands), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Curazao (Netherlands), Ecuador, Falkland Islands (United Kingdom), French Guiana (France), Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.

South America is attached to Central America at the boundary of Panama.[3] Geographically[4] all of Panama – including the part east of the Panama Canal is usually included in North America alone,[5][6][7] among the countries of Central America.[8][9]

List of Countries[change | change source]

Flag Official name(s) Area (km2 or sq mi) Population Density (pop. km2) Capital Official language(s)
Argentina Argentina
Argentine Republic
2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi) 46,621,847 16 Buenos Aires Spanish
Aruba Aruba 180 km2 (69 sq mi) 123,702 826 Oranjestad Dutch
Bolivia Bolivia
Plurinational State of Bolivia
1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) 12,186,079 11 Sucre Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Bonaire Bonaire 288 km2 (111 sq mi) 25,000 88 Kralendijk Dutch
Brazil Brazil
Federative Republic of Brazil
8,515,770 km2 (3,287,960 sq mi) 218,689,757 17 Brasillia Portuguese
Chile Chile
Republic of Chile
756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi) 18,549,457 22 Santiago Spanish
Colombia Colombia
Republic of Colombia
1,138,910 km2 (439,740 sq mi) 49,336,454 23 Bogota Spanish
Curaçao Curaçao 444 km2 (171 sq mi) 152,829 633 Williemstad Dutch
Ecuador Ecuador
Republic of Ecuador
283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi) 17,483,326 44 Quito Spanish
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi) 3,662 0.3 Stanley English
French Guiana French Guiana 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi) 306,632 4 Cayenne French
Guyana Guyana
Co-operative Republic of Guyana
214,969 km2 (83,000 sq mi) 791,739 4 Georgetown English
Paraguay Paraguay
Republic of Paraguay
406,752 km2 (157,048 sq mi) 7,439,863 18 Asuncion Spanish
Guarani
Peru Peru
Republic of Peru
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) 32,440,172 17 Lima Spanish
Aymara
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Ssndwich Islands 3,903 km2 (1,507 sq mi) 43 0.01 King Edward Point English
Suriname Suriname
Republic of Suriname
163,820 km2 (63,250 sq mi) 639,539 4 Paramaribo Dutch
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
5,128 km2 (1,980 sq mi) 1,407,460 522 Port of Spain English
Uruguay Uruguay
Republic of Uruguay
176,215 km2 (68,037 sq mi) 3,416,264 33 Montevideo Spanish
Venezuela Venezuela
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
912,050 km2 (352,140 sq mi) 30,518,260 20 Caracas Spanish

Natural resources[change | change source]

The soil in Argentina's Pampas is among the best in the world. Brazil's soil is very good for growing coffee.[3] A great number of minerals have been found. Few, however, have been mined.[3] Among those that were mined are iron, manganese, gold, and gemstones.[3] The tropical forests are rich in valuable trees, like mahogany, ebony, and rubber.[3] Oil is also a resource in some places.[3]

Wildlife[change | change source]

South America is home to a large variety of animal life. These include animals such as jaguars, macaws, monkeys, anacondas, llamas, piranhas, toucans, rheas, tapirs, cougars, condors and chinchillas.

Tourist attractions[change | change source]

The most popular attractions are:

  • Machu Picchu, a historic site in Peru which is a city made of stone and has an over 26 mile marathon.
  • The Iguazu Falls, a waterfall on the border between Argentina and Brazil
  • The Angel Falls, the world's tallest waterfall, in Venezuela
  • Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is a huge city, famous for its extravagant (overly expensive) carnival, beaches (Copacabana and Ipanema), and 38m statue of Jesus Christ.
  • The Patagonia region in Argentina and Chile

Related pages[change | change source]

The Amazon rain forest[change | change source]

The amazon rain forest is a moist grassy land where many wild animals live and contains the amazon river which is the 2nd longest river in the world and has the largest volume of water. The world's longest river is the Nile in Africa. The forest is known as a rain forest as it rains very often but due to the dense surroundings not every droplet reaches the bottom. The Amazon is shared by eight countries (Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname) and stretches for 6.7 million kilometers2. In the amazon rain forest, hundreds of thousands of trees have been cut down for wood and paper, meaning that the forest is endangered. Unlike the Boreial forest in Canada the trees are not getting replanted.

References[change | change source]

  1. "South America Archived 2009-02-10 at the Wayback Machine, 6th ed. 2001–6. New York, Columbia University Press": "fourth largest continent ..., the southern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere." Archived from the original Archived 2009-02-10 at the Wayback Machine 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2017-03-24
  2. "Countries in Latin America & the Caribbean". lanic.utexas.edu. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Koontz, Terri; Mark Sidwell, S.M.Bunke (June 2005). World Studies. Greenville, South Carolina 29614: Bob Jones University Press. ISBN 1-59166-431-4.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  4. Cohen, Saul Bernard. 2003. "North and Middle America" (Ch. 5). Geopolitics of the World System (ISBN 0847699072)
  5. "Americas" Archived 2010-04-17 at the Wayback Machine Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49), United Nations Statistics Division
  6. "The Atlas of Canada - North America". atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  7. "Atlas - Xpeditions @ nationalgeographic.com". nationalgeographic.com. Archived from the original on 25 May 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  8. "Panama" Archived 2015-05-02 at the Wayback Machine. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
  9. Geography: Panama Archived 2020-05-09 at the Wayback Machine CIA World Factbook 2008.