|A Barbary macaque monkey
|Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys.|
Monkeys are arboreal mammals. They are in the primate order. Apes are the descendants of Old World monkeys. Monkeys are intelligent, social animals. They are famous for climbing trees easily. Almost every monkey has a tail, even if it is very short.
- Old world monkeys: Cercopithecidae
- New World Monkeys: Platyrrhini or Ceboidea (same thing in effect)
Some monkeys live in trees. Others live partly on the ground. Most monkeys are mainly vegetarian, with a strong preference for fruit. However, they may eat a wide range of other food, including insects. Monkeys can live in forests and savannahs. Monkeys do not live in deserts. They can live in snowy mountains. They most commonly live in rainforests, but there are none in the rainforests of Australia and New Guinea.
Some monkeys are small, about 15 centimetres (6 in) long and 120 grams (4.2 oz) in weight. Other monkeys are much larger, about 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) long and 35 kilograms (77 lb) in weight. A group of monkeys is called a "troop" of monkeys or a "tribe" of monkeys.
Where they live[change | change source]
There are two groups of monkeys that live in different places: the New World Monkeys in South America and the Old World Monkeys from Africa and Asia. New World Monkeys are often smaller than Old World Monkeys. Monkeys have long arms and legs to help them swing from trees. Some monkeys' tails can wrap tightly around branches, almost like a "fifth limb". This type of tail is prehensile. Most monkeys are arboreal (live in the trees), but some live on the ground.
Smallest monkey[change | change source]
The smallest known monkey is the pygmy marmoset. It is about 14-16cm in size (without the tail). It weighs about 120 grams. It lives in the treetops of rainforests in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. The largest known monkey is the mandrill. It can grow to about 1 m in size. Adults weigh up to 35 kg. The monkeys often climb with the help of their tails.
Origin of name[change | change source]
As food[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Dawkins, Richard (2004). The ancestor's tale: a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 140. . http://books.google.com/?id=Tub-X6wydKgC&pg=PA140&dq=dawkins+monkey+paraphyletic&q=. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
- "Monkey". kids.britannica.com. http://kids.britannica.com/elementary/article-353485/monkey. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Monkeys at Animal Corner". animalcorner.co.uk. http://www.animalcorner.co.uk/wildlife/monkeys/monkey_about.html. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Monkey : Facts, Pictures, Video : Animal Planet". animal.discovery.com. http://animal.discovery.com/mammals/monkey/. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". etymonline.com. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=monkey&searchmode=none. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Primate Bushmeat : Populations Exposed To Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses". sciencedaily.com. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/04/020403025234.htm. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "7 foods for the fearless eater - foodwine - TODAYshow.com". today.msnbc.msn.com. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/9687163. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: monkeys|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Monkey|
- "The impossible housing and handling conditions of monkeys in research laboratories", by Viktor Reinhardt, International Primate Protection League, August 2001
- The problem with pet monkeys: reasons monkeys do not make good pets, an article by veterinarian Lianne McLeod on About.com
- Helping hands: monkey helpers for the disabled, a U.S. national non-profit organization based in Boston Massachusetts that places specially trained capuchin monkeys with people who are paralyzed or who live with other severe mobility impairments