Pannotia (or Greater Gondwanaland and Vendian supercontinent) is a Neoproterozoic supercontinent. It may have existed during the Ediacaran period (~600 million years ago), to the end of the Precambrian (about 541 mya). After that, it split into smaller continents. The small ones were Laurentia, Siberia and Baltica, with the main landmass Gondwana south of them. 
Lifespan[change | change source]
About 750 million years ago the older supercontinent Rodinia split apart into three continents. They were earlier forms of Laurasia and Gondwana, and the continental craton of Congo. About 600 milion years ago, they formed Pannotia.
Pannotia was short-lived. The collisions that formed Pannotia were brief collisions, and the continents making up Pannotia already had active rifting. By about 550 million years ago , or only about 50 million years after Pannotia formed, Pannotia separated into four continents. Later the landmasses would recombine to form the most recent supercontinent, Pangaea.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pannotia.|
- An image showing Pannotia according to Christopher Scotese. (it is referred to as the late Precambrian Supercontinent in the image).
- Torsvik, Trond Helge. "Palaeozoic Continent Margins: Late Cambrian (500 Ma)". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Stampfli, Gérard. "Prototethys (Ordovician): Early Ordovician (490 Ma) reconstruction". Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2010.