Cayenne

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Not to be confused with Cayenne pepper.
Cayenne
Prefecture
2012 aerial view of Cayenne
2012 aerial view of Cayenne
Coat of arms of Cayenne
Coat of arms
Cayenne is located in French Guiana
Cayenne
Cayenne (in red) in French Guiana
Coordinates: 4°56′05″N 52°19′49″W / 4.93472°N 52.33028°W / 4.93472; -52.33028Coordinates: 4°56′05″N 52°19′49″W / 4.93472°N 52.33028°W / 4.93472; -52.33028
Country France
Department French Guiana
Arrondissement Cayenne
Intercommunality Centre Littoral
Government
 • Mayor Marie-Laure Phinéra-Horth[1]
(2014-2020)
Area
 • Total 23.60 km2 (9.11 sq mi)
Highest elevation 105 m (344 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Total 55,817
 • Density 2,365.1/km2 (6,125.7/sq mi)
 • Demonym Cayennais
Postal code 97300
INSEE code 97302
Website Ville de Cayenne

Cayenne is a commune, the capital (prefecture) of the French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France that is in northern South America. The city is on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne river on the Atlantic coast.

History[change | change source]

The first European settlement in the region was founded on the Cayenne island in 1604 by French people sent by Henry IV but the settlement was destroyed by Portuguese to enforce the Treaty of Tordesillas

French colonists came back in 1643 and founded Cayenne, but they were forced to leave once more following Amerindian attacks. In 1664, France finally succeeded at establishing a permanent settlement at Cayenne. Over the next decade the colony changed hands between the French, Dutch, and English, before being restored to France. It was captured by an Anglo-Portuguese force at the invasion of Cayenne in 1809 and administered from Brazil until 1814, when it was returned to French control. It was used as a French penal colony from 1854 to 1938.

Geography[change | change source]

Cayenne is a city along the Atlantic coast on the sides of a common estuary of the Cayenne and Montsinéry rivers. It has an area of 23.60 km2 (9.11 sq mi); at the city hall, the altitude is 53 m (174 ft).[3].

The commune is at 268 km (167 mi) from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and 64 km (40 mi) from Kourou. The distances to other cities out of French Guiana are:

The city is surrounded by:

Climate[change | change source]

Cayenne has a tropical monsoonal climate (Köppen climate classification: Am) with a dry season and a heavy monsoon the rest of year and no cold season.

The average temperature for the year in Cayenne is 26.2 °C (79.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is September with an average temperature of 27.2 °C (81.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 26.1 °C (79.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Cayenne is 3,205.5 mm (126.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 513.1 mm (20.2 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is September with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in). There is an average of 201.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in May with 27.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in September with 5.0 days.[4]

Climate data for Cayenne, French Guiana, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28.8
(83.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26.2
(79.1)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22.6
(72.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 380
(14.96)
320
(12.6)
380
(14.96)
380
(14.96)
510
(20.08)
390
(15.35)
200
(7.87)
100
(3.94)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
120
(4.72)
290
(11.42)
3,160
(124.41)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Cayenne are known, in French, as Cayennais (women: Cayennaises).[5]

The city of Cayenne has a population, in 2014, of 55,817;[6] its population density is of 2,365 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Cayenne

Sister cities[change | change source]

Cayenne is twinned with:

Sites of interest[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Biographie" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Mairie de Cayenne. http://www.ville-cayenne.fr/biographie-3/. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  2. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep81.pdf. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  3. "Cayenne". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Cayenne-97300/. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  4. "Cayenne, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=50418&cityname=Cayenne%2C+Guyane%2C+French+Guiana&units=. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  5. "Guyane" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/guyane-973. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep81.pdf. Retrieved 12 February 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]