Nièvre

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Nièvre
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureNevers
SubprefectureChâteau-Chinon, Clamecy, Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • PresidentPatrice Joly[1]
Area
 • Total6,816.7 km2 (2,631.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total213,569
 • Density31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nivernais
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-58
Arrondissements4
Cantons17
Communes309
Websitehttp://www.nievre.fr

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History[change | change source]

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.[4]

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.[5]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[5]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 6,816.7 km2 (2,632 sq mi).[2] The highest point of the department is Mont Préneley (46°57′24″N 4°0′7″E / 46.95667°N 4.00194°E / 46.95667; 4.00194 (Mont Préneley)), 855 m (2,805 ft) high;[6] it is in the commune Glux-en-Glenne.

The department borders with six departments in three regions:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:[7]

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[8]

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley.[9]

Administration[change | change source]

Nièvre is managed by the Departmental Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 309 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.[10]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[11]
(2014)
Area[12]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
581 Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 25,717 1,929.1 13.3 80
582 Clamecy Clamecy 24,993 1,464.0 17.1 84
583 Nevers Nevers 118,087 2,020.3 58.5 82
584 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 44,772 1,403.3 31.9 63

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Nièvre department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[13]

  1. La Charité-sur-Loire (5801)
  2. Château-Chinon (5802)
  3. Clamecy (5803)
  4. Corbigny (5804)
  5. Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire (5805)
  6. Decize (5806)
  7. Fourchambault (5807)
  8. Guérigny (5808)
  9. Imphy (5809)
  10. Luzy (5810)
  11. Nevers-1 (5811)
  12. Nevers-2 (5812)
  13. Nevers-3 (5813)
  14. Nevers-4 (5814)
  15. Pouilly-sur-Loire (5815)
  16. Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier (5816)
  17. Varennes-Vauzelles (5817)

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).[14]

Nièvre had a population, in 2014, of 213,569,[3] for a population density of 31.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 118,087 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[11]

Evolution of the population in Nièvre

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the department are:[11]

City Population[11]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Nevers 34,485 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,553 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,467 Nevers
Decize 5,626 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,008 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Fourchambault 4,456 Nevers
Clamecy 3,889 Clamecy
Garchizy 3,835 Nevers
Marzy 3,656 Nevers
Coulanges-lès-Nevers 3,591 Nevers

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Président du Conseil Départemental" (in French). Conseil Départemental de la Nièvre. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Description de la Nièvre". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Historique de la Nièvre". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Mont Préneley, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Situation géographique de la Nièvre". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "Nevers, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 5 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. "Chiffres-Clés". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. "Décret n° 2014-184 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Nièvre" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. "Nièvre (58)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 6 October 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Other websites[change | change source]