Nièvre

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Nièvre
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5
Country France
Region Burgundy
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Nevers
Subprefecture Château-Chinon
Clamecy
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • President of the General Council Patrice Joly
Area[1]
 • Total 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 216,786
 • Rank 87th
 • Density 31.8008/km2 (82.364/sq mi)
Demonym Nivernais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 17
Communes 312

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Burgundy region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History[change | change source]

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.[3]

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Burgundy region. It has an area of 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 3 regions and 6 departments:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:[5]

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley. [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Nièvre is managed by the General Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Burgundy region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 312 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2012)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
581 Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 26,337   1,929   13.7 72
582 Clamecy Clamecy 25,610   1,464   17.5 93
584 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 44,972   1,403   32.1 64
583 Nevers Nevers 119,867   2,020   59.3 83

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Nièvre department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).[9]

Nièvre had a population, in 2012, of 216,786,[2] for a population density of 31.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 119,867 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:[7]

City Population
(2012)[7]
Arrondissement
Nevers 35,327 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,551 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,503 Nevers
Decize 5,711 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,080 Nevers

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Chiffres-Clés". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/chiffres-cles/chiffres-cles.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  3. "Description de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58des.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58his.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  5. "Situation géographique de la Nièvre". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/situation-geographie/situation-geographique-de-la-nievre.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  6. "Nevers, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598834&cityname=Nevers%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Populations lègales 2012 - 58-Nièvre" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=58&annee=2012. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  8. "Décret n° 2014-184 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Nièvre" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 18 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637452. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  9. "Nièvre (58)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_nievre_58.html. Retrieved 6 October 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]