Nièvre

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Nièvre
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500Coordinates: 47°05′N 03°30′E / 47.083°N 3.500°E / 47.083; 3.500
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Nevers
Subprefecture Château-Chinon, Clamecy, Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • President Patrice Joly[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 6,816.7 km2 (2,631.9 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 213,569
 • Density 31.33026/km2 (81.1450/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Nivernais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 17
Communes 309
Website http://www.nievre.fr

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History[change | change source]

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.[4]

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.[5]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[5]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 6,816.7 km2 (2,632 sq mi).[2] The highest point of the department is Mont Préneley (46°57′24″N 4°0′7″E / 46.95667°N 4.00194°E / 46.95667; 4.00194 (Mont Préneley)), 855 m (2,805 ft) high;[6] it is in the commune Glux-en-Glenne.

The department borders with six departments in three regions:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:[7]

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[8]

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley.[9]

Administration[change | change source]

Nièvre is managed by the Departmental Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 309 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.[10]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[11]
(2014)
Area[12]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
581 Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 25,717 1,929.1 13.3 80
582 Clamecy Clamecy 24,993 1,464.0 17.1 84
583 Nevers Nevers 118,087 2,020.3 58.5 82
584 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 44,772 1,403.3 31.9 63

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Nièvre department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[13]

  1. La Charité-sur-Loire (5801)
  2. Château-Chinon (5802)
  3. Clamecy (5803)
  4. Corbigny (5804)
  5. Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire (5805)
  6. Decize (5806)
  7. Fourchambault (5807)
  8. Guérigny (5808)
  9. Imphy (5809)
  10. Luzy (5810)
  11. Nevers-1 (5811)
  12. Nevers-2 (5812)
  13. Nevers-3 (5813)
  14. Nevers-4 (5814)
  15. Pouilly-sur-Loire (5815)
  16. Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier (5816)
  17. Varennes-Vauzelles (5817)

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).[14]

Nièvre had a population, in 2014, of 213,569,[3] for a population density of 31.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 118,087 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[11]

Evolution of the population in Nièvre

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the department are:[11]

City Population[11]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Nevers 34,485 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,553 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,467 Nevers
Decize 5,626 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,008 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Fourchambault 4,456 Nevers
Clamecy 3,889 Clamecy
Garchizy 3,835 Nevers
Marzy 3,656 Nevers
Coulanges-lès-Nevers 3,591 Nevers

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Président du Conseil Départemental" (in French). Conseil Départemental de la Nièvre. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  4. "Description de la Nièvre". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Historique de la Nièvre". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  6. "Mont Préneley, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  7. "Situation géographique de la Nièvre". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  8. "Nevers, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  9. "Chiffres-Clés". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  10. "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  12. "Département de la Nièvre (58)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  13. "Décret n° 2014-184 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Nièvre" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  14. "Nièvre (58)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]