Allier

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Allier
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Allier department, in Moulins
Blason_dpt_fr_Allier.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Allier in France
Coordinates: 46°20′N 3°10′E / 46.333°N 3.167°E / 46.333; 3.167Coordinates: 46°20′N 3°10′E / 46.333°N 3.167°E / 46.333; 3.167
Country France
Region Auvergne
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Moulins
Subprefecture Montluçon
Vichy
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Paul Dufrègne[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 7,340.1 km2 (2,834.0 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 342,729
 • Rank 69th
 • Density 46.6927/km2 (120.9335/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-03
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 320
Website http://www.allier.fr

Allier is a department in the centre of France, in the Auvergne region. It is named after the river Allier, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture is Moulins.

History[change | change source]

Map of Allier.

Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Moulins as its capital.[4] It was formed from most of all the former province of Bourbonnais (the Duchy of Bourbonnais); Saint-Amand-Montrond, in the Cher department, was the only part of the old province that was not made part of Allier.

It was divided in seven districts: Cérilly, Moulins, Le Donjon, Cusset, Gannat, Montmarault and Montluçon.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Moulins, Gannat, Lapalisse and Montluçon.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gannat was eliminated and in 1941 Vichy became the capital of one arrondissement of the department instead of Lapalisse.[4]

In 1940, during World War II, the city of Vichy was the capital of Vichy France.

Geography[change | change source]

Allier is part of the Auvergne region. It has an area of 7,340.1 km2 (2,834 sq mi).[2]

It is 130 km (81 mi) long from east to west and 90 km (56 mi) wide from north to south.[5]

The department borders with 6 regions and 6 departments:

There are four main geographical zones in the department:

  1. The Bourbonnais Bocage covers about one third of the departement, covering most of the western and central parts of the department.
  2. The Bourbonnais Sologne is to the east of the department, between the valley of the river Allier and the borders of Nièvre and Saône-et-Loire departments in Burgundy.
  3. The Bourbonnais Mountains are in the southeast of the department. The highest point of the department, Puy de Montoncel (1,287 m high), is found in these mountains, where the deparments Allier, Puy-de-Dome and Loire meet.
  4. The Bourbonnais Limagne, commonly called as Val d'Allier ("Valley of the Allier"), found on both sides of the river between Vichy and Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule.

The main rivers in the department are:

  • Cher in the western part of the department.
  • Allier and its tributary the Sioule, in the centre.
  • Loire and its tributary the Besbre, in the east.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

There are two periods of maximum precipitation in June and October and a minimum in January and February with average of 694 mm (27.3 in) Montluçon (altitude: 207 m), 763 mm (30.0 in) in Moulins (245 m) 778 mm (30.6 in) in Vichy (251 m); and 791 mm (31.1 in) in Lapalisse (285 m).

Climate data for Vichy
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
22.4
(72.3)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
22.2
(72)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.3
(39.7)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.8
(55)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
18.3
(64.9)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) -0.9
(30.4)
-0.2
(31.6)
1.1
(34)
3.4
(38.1)
7.06
(44.71)
10.2
(50.4)
12.1
(53.8)
11.8
(53.2)
9.4
(48.9)
6.4
(43.5)
2.3
(36.1)
-0.5
(31.1)
5.2
(41.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52.1
(2.051)
48.2
(1.898)
51.0
(2.008)
62.9
(2.476)
107.6
(4.236)
79.4
(3.126)
60.6
(2.386)
75.4
(2.969)
77.0
(3.031)
64.7
(2.547)
56.9
(2.24)
54.4
(2.142)
790.2
(31.11)
Sunshine hours 66.1 88.1 136.6 170.9 197.1 232.6 270.7 237.8 197.9 135.9 82.3 64.2 1,880.2
Source: Metereological data for Vichy-Charmeil, from 1961 to 1990 Dec 2014

Administration[change | change source]

Allier is managed by the General Council of Allier in Moulins. The department is part of the Auvergne region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 35 cantons and 320 communes (municipalities) in Allier.

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Montluçon Montluçon 115,687   2,328   49.7 12 106
Moulins Moulins 105,520   2,996   35.2 12 111
Vichy Vichy 121,522   2,016   60.3 11 103
Total   342,729   7,340   46.7 35 320
Castle of the Dukes of Bourbon in Montluçon

Cantons of the arrondissement of Montluçon

Moulins, the capital of the Bourbonnais.

Cantons of the arrondissement of Moulins

La place de la République, Vichy

Cantons of the arrondissement of Vichy

Demographics[change | change source]

There is not any traditional demonym to name the inhabitants of the Allier department. Some names used are Alliérins, Bourbonnais, Elavérins, or simply habitants de l'Allier ("inhabitants of Allier").

Of these names, the most used is Bourbonnais followed by habitants de l'Allier.

Allier had a population, in 2011, of 342,729,[3] for a population density of 46.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Vichy, with 121,522 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

The 10 communes in the department with more inhabitants are:[7]

City Population
(2011)[7]
Arrondissement
Montluçon 38,166 Montluçon
Vichy 24,992 Vichy
Moulins 19,094 Moulins
Cusset 13,525 Vichy
Yzeure 12,990 Moulins
Domérat 9,027 Montluçon
Bellerive-sur-Allier 8,530 Vichy
Commentry 6,580 Montluçon
Gannat 5,806 Vichy
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule 4,944 Moulins

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Président". Allier.fr. Conseil Général de l'Allier. http://www.allier.fr/1388-president-du-conseil-general-de-l-allier.htm. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de l'Allier (03) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-03. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Allier" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/03his.html. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  5. "Géographie du département de l'Allier" (in French). Allier.fr. http://www.allier.fr/1416-geographie-du-departement-de-l-allier.htm. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  6. "Le département de l'Allier". Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/info-departement-allier.html. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Allier" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep03.pdf. Retrieved 22 December 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]