Haute-Marne

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Haute-Marne
Department
Prefecture of the Haute-Marne department
Prefecture building of the Haute-Marne department, in Chaumont
Flag of Haute-Marne
Flag
Coat of arms of Haute-Marne
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Marne in France
Location of Haute-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°05′N 05°15′E / 48.083°N 5.25°E / 48.083; 5.25Coordinates: 48°05′N 05°15′E / 48.083°N 5.25°E / 48.083; 5.25
Country France
Region Grand Est
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Chaumont
Subprefectures Langres, Saint-Dizier
Government[1]
 • President of the Departmental Council Bruno Sido
Area[2]
 • Total 6,210.6 km2 (2,397.9 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 181,521
 • Density 29.22761/km2 (75.6992/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-52
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 429
Website Haute-Marne Council

Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marner river. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Chaumont.

Charles de Gaulle lived until his death in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises.

History[change | change source]

Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Chaumont as is capital. It was formed with parts of the former provinces of Champagne, Burgundy, Lorraine and Franche-Comté.[3]

It was divided in six districts: Bourbonne, Bourmont, Chaumont, Joinville, Langres and Saint-Dizier.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Chaumont, Langres and Wassy.[3]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Wassy was eliminated but in 1940 Wassy was made again an arrondissement but the subprefecture was moved to Saint-Dizier.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The Haute-Marne department is in the Grand Est region. It is bordered by 2 regions and 6 departments:

Haute-Marne has an area of 6,210.6 km2 (2,398 sq mi),[2] and its highest point is in the Bois de Baissey in the commune Baissey in the southern part of the department; it is 523 m (1,716 ft) high (47°47′19″N 05°11′26″E / 47.78861°N 5.19056°E / 47.78861; 5.19056 (Bois de Baissey)),[4] and is in the Langres plateau.

The main river is the Marne river starts in the Langres plateau and flows through 120 km (75 mi) in the department.

Climate[change | change source]

This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Saint-Dizier is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Saint-Dizier is 1,450.3 mm (57.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 185.4 mm (7.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 68.6 mm (2.7 in).

The average temperature for the year in Saint-Dizier is 11.2 °C (52.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.8 °C (67.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F)

Climate data for Saint-Dizier, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
22.8
(73)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.8
(69.4)
16
(61)
10
(50)
6.6
(43.9)
15.61
(60.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4
(39)
7.3
(45.1)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
17.4
(63.3)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
15.7
(60.3)
11.9
(53.4)
6.8
(44.2)
4
(39)
11.18
(52.12)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12
(54)
14.1
(57.4)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.3
(34.3)
6.7
(44.06)
Rainfall mm (inches) 128.8
(5.071)
111.5
(4.39)
103.5
(4.075)
129.7
(5.106)
113.9
(4.484)
87.8
(3.457)
69.3
(2.728)
98.4
(3.874)
119.6
(4.709)
152.1
(5.988)
185.9
(7.319)
150.4
(5.921)
1,450.9
(57.122)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Haute-Marne is managed by the General Council of Marne in Chaumont. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 617 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Marne.

Arrondissements of Haute-Marne
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area[6]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
521 Chaumont Chaumont 65,090 2,476.3 26.3 161
522 Langres Langres 44,676 2,162.9 20.7 157
523 Saint-Dizier Saint-Dizier 71,755 1,571.4 45.7 111

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Haute-Marne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Bologne
  2. Bourbonne-les-Bains
  3. Chalindrey
  4. Châteauvillain
  5. Chaumont-1
  6. Chaumont-2
  7. Chaumont-3
  8. Eurville-Bienville
  9. Joinville
  10. Langres
  11. Nogent
  12. Poissons
  13. Saint-Dizier-1
  14. Saint-Dizier-2
  15. Saint-Dizier-3
  16. Villegusien-le-Lac
  17. Wassy

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of the Haute-Marne department are known, in French, as Haut-Marnais (women: Haut-Marnaises),[8]

Haute-Marne had a population, in 2013, of 181,521,[2] for a population density of 29.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Saint-Dizier, with 71,755 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Haute-Marne

The communes with more inhabitants in the Haute-Marne department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Saint-Dizier 25,626 Saint-Dizier
Chaumont 22,560 Chaumont
Langres 7,877 Langres

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "La commission permanentr" (in French). Conseil départamental de la Haute-Marne. http://haute-marne.fr/fr/le-conseil-departemental/assemblee-departementale/la-commission-permanente/. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département de la Haute-Marne (52)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-52. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Haute-Marne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/52his.html. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  4. "Bois de Baissey, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=29510. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  5. "Saint-Dizier, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598830&cityname=Saint-Dizier%2C+Champagne-Ardenne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Département de la Haute-Marne (52) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-52+ARR-521+ARR-522+ARR-523. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-163 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Haute-Marne" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028626069. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  8. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Marne (52)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/haute-marne-52. Retrieved 7 December 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]