Ardèche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ardèche
Department
Castle of Largentiere
Flag of Ardèche
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Ardèche in France
Location of Ardèche in France
Coordinates: 44°40′N 4°25′E / 44.667°N 4.417°E / 44.667; 4.417Coordinates: 44°40′N 4°25′E / 44.667°N 4.417°E / 44.667; 4.417
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 4 Marcg 1793
Prefecture Privas
Subprefectures Largentière, Tournon-sur-Rhône
Government
 • President of the General Council Hervé Saulignac[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 5,528.6 km2 (2,134.6 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 320,379
 • Density 57.9494/km2 (150.0882/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ardéchois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-07
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 339
Website www.ardeche.fr

Ardèche (Occitan: Ardecha) is a département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-central France. It is named after the Ardèche river.

History[change | change source]

The department of Ardèche was created on 4 March 1790 with seven districts: Annonay, Aubenas, L'Argentière, Privas, Tournon, Vernoux and Villeneuve-de-Berg. The capital was Privas alternating with Annonay, Aubenas, Le Bourg(-Saint-Andéol) and Tournon. In August of that year, the number of districts was reduced to three: Mézenc, Aubenas and Tanargue. In September, Privas became the only capital of the department.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the three districts were changed into three arrondissements: Privas, L'Argentière and Tournon.[4]

On 18 March 1988, Tournon became Tournon-sur-Rhône.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The Ardèche is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 5,528.6 km2 (2,135 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by the Loire department to the north, the Isère department to the northeast, the Drôme deparment to the east, the Vaucluse to the southeast, the Gard department to the south, the Lozère department to the southwest and the Haute-Loire department to the west.

The highest point in the department is Mont Mézenc (44°54′40″N 04°11′27″E / 44.91111°N 4.19083°E / 44.91111; 4.19083 (Mont Mézenc); it is 1,753 m (5,751 ft) high.[5] The lowest point, 40 m (131 ft) above sea level, is where the Ardèche river flows into the Rhône (in the south east of the department).

The main rivers in Ardèche are:

The Allier river forms the border of the Lozère department and the Ardèche for about 20 km (12 mi).

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Privas is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

Administration[change | change source]

Ardèche is managed by the General Council of Ardèche in Privas. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 339 communes (municipalities) in Ardèche.

Arrondissements of the Ardèche
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
071 Largentière Largentière 97,967 2,511.3 39.0 148
072 Privas Privas 87,324 1,159.4 75.3 65
073 Tournon-sur-Rhône Tournon-sur-Rhône 135,088 1,858.0 72.7 126

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Ardèche department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

  1. Annonay-1
  2. Annonay-2
  3. Aubenas-1
  4. Aubenas-2
  5. Bourg-Saint-Andéol
  6. Le Cheylard
  7. Guilherand-Granges
  8. Lamastre
  9. Le Pouzin
  10. Privas
  11. Sarras
  12. Le Teil
  13. Thueyts
  14. Tournon-sur-Rhône
  15. Vallon-Pont-d'Arc
  16. Les Vans
  17. La Voulte-sur-Rhône

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Ardèche are known, in French, as Ardéchois (women: Ardéchoises).[9]

Ardèche had a population, in 2013, of 320,379,[3] for a population density of 57.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tournon-sur-Rhône, with 135,088 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

The communes in the department with more than 7,000 inhabitants are:[7]

City Population
(2013)[7]
Arrondissement
Annonay 16,075 Tournon-sur-Rhône
Aubenas 11,803 Largentière
Guilherand-Granges 10,918 Tournon-sur-Rhône
Tournon-sur-Rhône 10,545 Tournon-sur-Rhône
Privas 8,305 Privas
Le Teil 8,292 Privas
Saint-Péray 7,417 Tournon-sur-Rhône
Bourg-Saint-Andéol 7,241 Tournon-sur-Rhône

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Président". Conseil Général de l'Ardèche. http://www.ardeche.fr/170-le-president.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de L'Ardèche (07) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-07. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Ardèche" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/07his.html. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  5. "Mont Mézenc, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9715. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  6. "Ville de Privas" (in French). Annuaire des Mairies et Villes de France. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-privas.html. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 07-Ardèche" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=07&annee=2013. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  8. "Décret n° 2014-148 du 13 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Ardèche" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028621829. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  9. "Habitants du départment: Ardèche (07)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/ardeche-07. Retrieved 19 October 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]