Creuse

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Creuse
Department
Prefecture building of the Creuse department, in Guéret
Prefecture building of the Creuse department, in Guéret
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Creuse in France
Location of Creuse in France
Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°03′E / 46.583°N 2.05°E / 46.583; 2.05Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°03′E / 46.583°N 2.05°E / 46.583; 2.05
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Guéret
Subprefecture Aubusson
Government
 • President Valérie Simonet
Area[1]
 • Total 5,565.4 km2 (2,148.8 sq mi)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Total 120,581
 • Density 21.66619/km2 (56.1152/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Creusois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-23
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 15
Communes 258
Website www.creuse.fr

Creuse (Occitan: Cruesa) is a department in central France in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is named after the Creuse river that flows through the department.

History[change | change source]

Creuse is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created mainly with lands of the old province of County of La Marche.

The new department had seven districts: La Souterraine, Guéret, Boussac, Évaux, Felletin, Bourganeuf and Aubusson. The capital (now prefecture) was Guéret alternating with Aubusson, but soon only Guéret remained as capital.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Guéret, Aubusson, Bourganeuf and Boussac.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bourganeuf et Boussac were eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of the Creuse department

Creuse is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 120,872 km2 (46,669 sq mi).[1]

The department is surrounded by 6 departments in 3 regions:

The department is in the northwestern part of the Massif Central; the Millevaches plateau is in the southeastern part of the department. The highest point is in Forêt de Châteauvert (45°42′38″N 02°20′45″E / 45.71056°N 2.34583°E / 45.71056; 2.34583 (Forêt de Châteauvert)), "commune" of Saint-Oradoux-de-Chirouze, southeastern of the department and in northeastern Massif Central; it is 932 m (3,058 ft) high;[4] the lowest point is in the valley of the Creuse river, 175 m (574 ft) high.

The main river in the department is the Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne river and that gives its name to this the deparment; it flows through the department from the southeast to the northwest.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Creuse in Guéret. Creuse is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 258 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Vienne.[5]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2014)
Area[7]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
231 Aubusson Aubusson 37,123 2,538.8 14.6 118
232 Guéret Guéret 83,458 3,026.5 27.6 140

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Creuse department] (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Creuse are known, in French, as Creusois (women: Creusoises).[9]

Creuse has a population, in 2014, of 120,581, [2] for a population density of 21.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Guéret, with 83,458 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Aubusson, has 37,123 inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Dordogne

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[6]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Guéret 13,342 Guéret
La Souterraine 5,295 Guéret
Aubusson 3,591 Aubusson
Bourganeuf 2,725 Guéret
Sainte-Feyre 2,470 Guéret
Saint-Sulpice-le-Guérétois 1,987 Guéret
Saint-Vaury 1,791 Guéret
Felletin 1,700 Aubusson
Gouzon 1,575 Guéret
Ahun 1,466 Guéret

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-23. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Creuse" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/23his.html. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  4. "Forêt de Châteauvert, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9690. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  5. "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP23-creuse. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep23.pdf. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  7. "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-23+ARR-231+ARR-232. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  8. "Décret n° 2014-161 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Creuse" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028626017. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  9. "Creuse (23)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/creuse-23. Retrieved 5 September 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]