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Prefecture building of the Creuse department, in Guéret
Prefecture building of the Creuse department, in Guéret
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Creuse in France
Location of Creuse in France
Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°03′E / 46.583°N 2.05°E / 46.583; 2.05Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°03′E / 46.583°N 2.05°E / 46.583; 2.05
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Guéret
Subprefecture Aubusson
 • President of the General Council Valérie Simonet
 • Total 5,565.4 km2 (2,148.8 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 120,872
 • Density 21.71847/km2 (56.2506/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Creusois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-23
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 15
Communes 259

Creuse (Occitan: Cruesa) is a department in central France in the region of Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes. It is named after the Creuse river that flows through the department.

History[change | change source]

Creuse is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created mainly with lands of the old province of County of La Marche.

The new department had seven districts: La Souterraine, Guéret, Boussac, Évaux, Felletin, Bourganeuf and Aubusson. The capital (now prefecture) was Guéret alternating with Aubusson, but soon only Guéret remained as capital.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Guéret, Aubusson, Bourganeuf and Boussac.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bourganeuf et Boussac were eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of the Creuse department

Creuse is part of the Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region. It has an area of 120,872 km2 (46,669 sq mi).[1]

The department is bordered by 6 departments: Corrèze, Haute-Vienne, Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cher and Indre.

The department is in the nortwestern part of the Massif Central; the Millevaches plateau is in the southeastern part of the department. The highest point is in Forêt de Châteauvert (45°42′38″N 02°20′45″E / 45.71056°N 2.34583°E / 45.71056; 2.34583 (Forêt de Châteauvert)), "commune" of Saint-Oradoux-de-Chirouze, southeastern of the department and in northeastern Massif Central; it is 932 m (3,058 ft) high;[4] the lowest point is in the valley of the Creuse river, 175 m (574 ft) high.

The main river in the department is the Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne river and that gives its name to this the deparment; it flows through the department from the southeast to the northwest.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Creuse in Guéret. Creuse is part of the region of Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 259 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Vienne.

Arrondissement Capital Population[5]
231 Aubusson Aubusson 37,354   2,538.8   14.7 118
232 Guéret Guéret 83,518   3,026.5   27.6 141

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Creuse department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[6]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Creuse are known, in French, as Creusois (women: Creusoises).[7]

Creuse has a population, in 2013, of 120,872, [2] for a population density of 21.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Guéret, with 83,518 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Aubusson, has 37,354 inhabitants.[5]

The city with more people living in it is Limoges (135,0980).[5]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
Guéret 37,354 Guéret
La Souterraine 83,518 Guéret
Aubusson 37,354 Aubusson

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de La Creuse (23)" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Creuse" (in French). Le SPLAF. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  4. "Forêt de Châteauvert, France". Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 23-Creuse" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  6. Décret n° 2014-161 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Creuse
  7. "Creuse (23)" (in French). Retrieved 5 September 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]