Eure-et-Loir

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Eure-et-Loir
Department
Prefecture building of the Eure-et-Loir department
Prefecture building of the Eure-et-Loir department, in Chartres.
Flag of Eure-et-Loir
Flag
Coat of arms of Eure-et-Loir
Coat of arms
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417Coordinates: 48°20′N 01°25′E / 48.333°N 1.417°E / 48.333; 1.417
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Chartres
Subprefectures Châteaudun, Dreux, Nogent-le-Rotrou
Government[1]
 • President Albéric de Montgolfier
Area[2]
 • Total 5,880.0 km2 (2,270.3 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 433,762
 • Density 73.7690/km2 (191.0610/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Euréliens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-28
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 15
Communes 375
Website Official website

Eure-et-Loir is a department in north-central France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the two main rivers that flow through the department: Eure and Loir.

Its prefecture is Chartres and there are three subprefectures: Châteaudun, Dreux and Nogent-le-Rotrou.

History[change | change source]

Eure-et-Loir and the provinces in its territory before 1790.

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created mainly from parts of the former provinces of Orléanais (Beauce) and Maine (Perche), but also parts of the old Île-de-France.

The new department had six districts: Chartres, Châteaudun, Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais, Dreux, Janville and Nogent-le-Rotrou. The capital (now prefecture) was Chartres.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Chartres, Châteaudun, Dreux and Nogent-le-Rotrou.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Nogent-le-Rotrou was eliminated but in 1943 Nogent-le-Rotrou became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Eure-et-Loir is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi).[2]

The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 4 regions:

The highest point of the department is the Butte de Rougemont (48°17′15″N 0°56′0″E / 48.28750°N 0.93333°E / 48.28750; 0.93333), in the commune of Vichères, and that is 287 m (942 ft) above sea level.[5]

The rivers in the department are in two watersheds:

  • The watershed of the Seine to the north of the department, with its tributary the Eure river.
  • The watershed of the Loire river to the south of the department, with its tributary the Loir river.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Chartres is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Chartres is 916.9 mm (36.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 99.1 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 53.3 mm (2.1 in).

The average temperature for the year in Chartres is 11 °C (52 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.8 °C (38.8 °F).

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Eure-et-Loir in Chartres. Eure-et-Loir is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 375 communes (municipalities) in Eure-et-Loir.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
281 Chartres Chartres 207,869 2,129.5 97.6 151
282 Châteaudun Châteaudun 59,794 1,438.8 41.6 64
283 Dreux Dreux 129,431 1,500.5 86.3 108
284 Nogent-le-Rotrou Nogent-le-Rotrou 36,668 811.1 45.2 52

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Eure-et-Loir department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Eure-et-Loir are known, in French, as Euréliens (women: Euréliennes).[11]

Eure-et-Loir has a population, in 2014, of 433,762,[3] for a population density of 68.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Chartres, with 207,869 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Eure-et-Loir

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Chartres 38,728 Chartres
Dreux 31,191 Dreux
Lucé 16,240 Chartres
Châteaudun 13,264 Châteaudun
Vernouillet 12,415 Dreux
Mainvilliers 10,558 Chartres
Nogent-le-Rotrou 10,130 Nogent-le-Rotrou
Luisant 6,710 Chartres
Lèves 5,671 Chartres
Auneau-Bleury-Saint-Symphorien 5,543 Chartres

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Les élus" (in French). Conseil départemental d'Eure-et-Loir. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département d'Eure-et-Loir (28) - Résumé statistique". Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique d'Eure-et-Loir". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  5. "Butte de Rougemont, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  6. "Chartres, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  7. "Département d'Eure-et-Loir (28)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  9. "Département d'Eure-et-Loir (28)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-231 du 24 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département d'Eure-et-Loir" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  11. "Eure-et-Loir" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]