Alpes-de-Haute-Provence

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Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Department
Prefecture building of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, in Digne-les-Bains
Prefecture building of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, in Digne-les-Bains
Flag of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Flag
Coat of arms of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Coat of arms
Location of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in France
Location of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in France
Coordinates: 44°00′N 6°10′E / 44°N 6.167°E / 44; 6.167Coordinates: 44°00′N 6°10′E / 44°N 6.167°E / 44; 6.167
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Digne-les-Bains
Subprefectures Barcelonnette, Castellane, Forcalquier
Government
 • President of the General Council Gilbert SAUVAN[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 76,925.2 km2 (29,701.0 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 161,916
 • Density 2.104850/km2 (5.451536/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-04
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 15
Communes 199
Website www.mondepartement04.fr

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (Occitan: Aups d'Auta Provença) is a department in the south of France, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. Its prefecture is Digne-les-Bains.

Until 1970, the department was named as Basses-Alpes.

History[change | change source]

Map of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.

The department of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, with the name of Nord-de-Provence was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 but soon its name was changed to Haute-Provence and then to Basses-Alpes.

It was divided in five districts: Barcelonnette, Castellane, Digne, Forcalquier and Sisteron. with Digne as its capital.[4]

On 12 August 1793, the department of Vaucluse was created from parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme, and Basses-Alpes. Basses-Alpes lost the canton of Sault of Vaucluse. Seventeen years later, in 1810, the canton of Barcillonnette was transferred over to Hautes-Alpes.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the five districts were changed into five arrondissements: Barcelonnette, Castellane, Digne, Forcalquier and Sisteron.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Castellane and Sisteron were eliminated and in 1942 Castellane was made again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

During World War II, the department was occupied by the fascist Italy.[5]

The name of the capital, Digne, was changed to Digne-les-Bains in 1988 and on 13 April 1970 the department of Basses-Alpes was renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.

Geography[change | change source]

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has an area of 76,925.2 km2 (29,701 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by Italy and five departments:

The highest point is Aiguille de Chambeyron (44°32′51″N 06°51′22″E / 44.5475°N 6.85611°E / 44.5475; 6.85611 (Aiguille de Chambeyron)), in the "commune" of Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye, to the northeast of the Ubaye valley; it is 3,412 m (11,194 ft).[6] Other high mountains in the department are Brec de Chambeyron (3,389 m [11,119 ft]), Pics de la Font Sancte (3,385 m [11,106 ft]), Grand Bérard, (3,046 m [9,993 ft]) and Tête de Siguret (3,032 m [9,948 ft]).

The main river in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is the Durance, a tributary of the Rhône river and that flows through the west of the department. Its main tributaries are the Bléone and Verdon.

The Var river flows through the eastern part of the department.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at the Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban airport is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[7]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban is 916.9 mm (36.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 99.1 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 61 mm (2.4 in).

The average temperature for the year in Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban is 12.9 °C (55.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.7 °C (72.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.3 °C (39.7 °F).

Climate data for Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban airport, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(48)
10.8
(51.4)
14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63)
21.7
(71.1)
26.1
(79)
29.9
(85.8)
29.3
(84.7)
24.4
(75.9)
19
(66)
13
(55)
9.2
(48.6)
18.7
(65.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.4
(41.7)
8.7
(47.7)
11.3
(52.3)
15.5
(59.9)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.6
(56.5)
8.3
(46.9)
4.9
(40.8)
12.89
(55.21)
Average low °C (°F) -0.4
(31.3)
--- 2.8
(37)
5.4
(41.7)
9.2
(48.6)
12.8
(55)
15.5
(59.9)
15.3
(59.5)
11.9
(53.4)
8.2
(46.8)
3.6
(38.5)
0.6
(33.1)
7.1
(44.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 78
(3.07)
60.7
(2.39)
66.2
(2.606)
61.5
(2.421)
68.4
(2.693)
68.4
(2.693)
65.1
(2.563)
73.5
(2.894)
82.1
(3.232)
99.2
(3.906)
95.4
(3.756)
97.9
(3.854)
916.4
(36.08)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence is managed by the General Council of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in Digne-les-Bains. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 199 communes (municipalities) in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.

Arrondissements of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
041 Barcelonnette Barcelonnette 8,044 1,027.7 7.8 15
042 Castellane Castellane 9,497 1,320.4 7.2 32
043 Digne-les-Bains Digne-les-Bains 55,899 2,465.5 22.7 65
043 Forcalquier Forcalquier 88,476 2,111.6 41.9 87

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

  1. Barcelonnette
  2. Castellane
  3. Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban
  4. Digne-les-Bains-1
  5. Digne-les-Bains-2
  6. Forcalquier
  7. Manosque-1
  8. Manosque-2
  9. Manosque-3
  10. Oraison
  11. Reillanne
  12. Riez
  13. Seyne
  14. Sisteron
  15. Valensole

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence are known, in French, as Bas-Alpins (women: Bas-Alpines),[10] referring to the department of Basses-Alpes which was the former name of the department until 13 April 1970.

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence had a population, in 2013, of 161,916,[3] for a population density of 2.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Forcalquier, with 88,476 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

The 10 communes in the department with more inhabitants are:[8]

City Population
(2013)[8]
Arrondissement
Manosque 22,412 Forcalquier
Digne-les-Bains 16,512 Digne-les-Bains
Sisteron 7,312 Forcalquier
Oraison 5,716 Digne-les-Bains
Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban 5,198 Forcalquier
Forcalquier 4,842 Forcalquier
Villeneuve 3,881 Forcalquier
Pierrevert 3,706 Forcalquier
Les Mées 3,592 Digne-les-Bains
Sainte-Tulle 3,416 Forcalquier

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Président". Mon départment 04. Conseil Général des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. http://www.mondepartement04.fr/le-departement/vous-represente.html?tx_solr%5Bsolr-anchor%5D=1&tx_solr%5Bfilter%5D%5B0%5D=tx_arcbdd_annuaire_categories_function_stringM%253A467. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-04. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/04his.html. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  5. "Les Alpes de Haute-Provence en un coup d’œil". Mon départment 04. Conseil Général des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. http://www.mondepartement04.fr/les-alpes-de-haute-provence/en-un-coup-doeil.html. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  6. "Aiguille de Chambeyron, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=99180. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  7. "Château-Arnoux-Saint-Auban airport, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598798&cityname=Ch%E2teau-Arnoux-Saint-Auban+Airport%2C+Provence-Alpes-Cote+d%27Azur%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 04-Alpes-de-Haute-Provence" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=04&annee=2013. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  9. "Décret n° 2014-226 du 24 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028658214. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  10. "Habitants du départment: Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/alpes-de-haute-provence-04. Retrieved 20 September 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]