Drôme

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Drôme
Department
Valence, capital of Drôme
Valence, capital of Drôme.
Flag of Drôme
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Drôme in France
Location of Drôme in France
Coordinates: 44°45′N 5°10′E / 44.75°N 5.167°E / 44.75; 5.167Coordinates: 44°45′N 5°10′E / 44.75°N 5.167°E / 44.75; 5.167
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Valence
Subprefectures Die, Nyons
Government[1]
 • President Marie-Pierre Mouton
Area[2]
 • Total 6,530.0 km2 (2,521.2 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 499,159
 • Rank 33
 • Density 76.4409/km2 (197.9810/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Drômois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-26
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 367
Website http://www.ladrome.fr/

Drôme (Occitan: Droma) is a French department in southeastern France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and named after the Drôme river. Its prefecture is the city of Valence.

History[change | change source]

Drôme is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790; it was made with part of the old French province of Dauphiné. It was divided in 6 districts: Romans, Valence, Die, Buis, Montélimar,and Crest. The capital was Chabeuil but in the same year the capital was moved to Valence.[4]

With the creation of the arrondissements, the 6 districts became four arrondissements: Valence, Die, Montélimar and Nyons. In 1926, the arrondissement of Montélimar was eliminated.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Drôme is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, in southeastern France, with an area of 6,530 km2 (2,521 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 5 other departments in 2 regions:

There are 5 natural regions in Drôme; they are, from north to south:

  1. A region with hills.
  2. The plain of Valence to the west.
  3. The Vercors Massif to the east.
  4. The central part of the department formed by the valley of the Drôme river and the highest mountains in the department.
  5. The Drôme provençale to the south.

The highest point in the department is Rocher Rond, 44°41′48″N 05°49′38″E / 44.69667°N 5.82722°E / 44.69667; 5.82722 (Rocher Rond)) that is 2,453 m (8,048 ft) high[5] it is on the border with the Hautes-Alpes department.

The main rivers of Drôme are:

  • Rhône, in the western part of the department; in the department, it is only 108 km (67 mi) long.
  • Drôme river, a tributary of the Rhône.
  • Isère river, another tributary of the Rhône.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the Drôme department, in the city of Valence, is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Valence, at an altitude of 167 m (548 ft), is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.2 °C (72.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.9 °C (39.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Valence is 845.8 mm (33.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 129.5 mm (5.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).[6]

Administration[change | change source]

Drôme is part of the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Drôme in Valence.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 353 communes (municipalities) in Drôme.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
261 Die Die 42,955 2,286.9 18.8 113
262 Nyons Nyons 141,971 2,358.7 60.2 149
263 Valence Valence 314,233 1,884.4 166.8 105

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Drôme department (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Drôme are known, in French, as Drômois (women: Drômoises).[11]

Drôme has a population, in 2014, of 499,159,[3] for a population density of 76.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Valence, with 314,233 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Nyons and Die, have respectively 141,971 and 42,955 inhabitants.[8]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Valence (62,150 inhabitants). The subprefectures of Nyons and Die have, respectively, 6,641 and 4,516 inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Drôme

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Valence 62,150 Valence
Montélimar 37,193 Nyons
Romans-sur-Isère 33,366 Valence
Bourg-lès-Valence 19,591 Valence
Pierrelatte 13,071 Nyons
Bourg-de-Péage 10,171 Valence
Portes-lès-Valence 9,973 Valence
Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux 8,944 Nyons
Livron-sur-Drôme 8,927 Die
Crest 8,211 Die

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "La Présidente" (in French). Conseil départemental de la Drôme. http://www.ladrome.fr/le-departement/la-presidente. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Comparateur de territoire Département de la Drôme (26)" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-26. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Drôme" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/26his.html. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  5. ;"Rocher Rond, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9910. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  6. "Valence, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=136541&cityname=Valence%2C+Rhone-Alpes%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  7. "Département de la Drôme (26)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP26-drome. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep26.pdf. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  9. "Département de la Drôme (26) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-26+ARR-261+ARR-262+ARR-263. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-191 du 20 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Drôme" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. 24 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028638219. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  11. "Drôme" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/drome-26. Retrieved 28 August 2017.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]