Corrèze

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Corrèze
Department
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department, in Tulle
Flag of Corrèze
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Corrèze in France
Location of Corrèze in France
Coordinates: 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45.333°N 1.833°E / 45.333; 1.833Coordinates: 45°20′N 1°50′E / 45.333°N 1.833°E / 45.333; 1.833
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Tulle
Subprefectures Brive-la-Gaillarde
Ussel
Government
 • President of the General Council Gérard Bonnet
Area[1]
 • Total 5,856.8 km2 (2,261.3 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 240,781
 • Rank 82nd
 • Density 41.1114/km2 (106.4779/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Corréziens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-19
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 285
Website http://www.cg19.fr

Corrèze (Occitan: Corresa) is a department in south-western France, named after the Corrèze river. It is in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. Its capital is the city of Tulle.

History[change | change source]

Corrèze is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old province of Limousin (the Bas Limousin).

The new department had four districts: Uzerche, Ussel, Tulle and Brive. The capital (now prefecture) was Tulle.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into three arrondissements: Tulle, Brive and Ussel.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Ussel was eliminated but, on 6 December 1943, it became again an arrondissement.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Corrèze is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 5,856.8 km2 (2,261 sq mi).[1]

The highest point of the department is the Mont Bessou, 976 m (3,202 ft) high; the lowest point is in the valley of the Vézère river and is 80 m (260 ft) high.

The department is bordered by the departments: Haute-Vienne, Creuse, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, Lot and Dordogne.

The main rivers in the department are the Dordogne, Vézère and the Corrèze that gives its name to the deparment.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Brive-la-Gaillarde is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[4]

The annual rainfall in Brive-la-Gaillarde is 1,186.2 mm (46.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 116.8 mm (4.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 78.7 mm (3.1 in).

The average temperature for the year in Brive-la-Gaillarde is 12.6 °C (54.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5 °C (41 °F).

Climate data for Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11
(52)
14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63)
20.9
(69.6)
25.0
(77)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
23.6
(74.5)
19.1
(66.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.7
(49.5)
18.14
(64.66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59)
18.6
(65.5)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(56.7)
8.5
(47.3)
5.6
(42.1)
12.57
(54.62)
Average low °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
0.7
(33.3)
2.9
(37.2)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
12.2
(54)
14.3
(57.7)
13.6
(56.5)
10.7
(51.3)
8.3
(46.9)
3.9
(39)
1.4
(34.5)
6.93
(44.47)
Rainfall mm (inches) 86.7
(3.413)
79.7
(3.138)
92.0
(3.622)
94.2
(3.709)
114.8
(4.52)
101.5
(3.996)
90.0
(3.543)
91.9
(3.618)
107.2
(4.22)
115.7
(4.555)
104.5
(4.114)
109.2
(4.299)
1,187.4
(46.748)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Corrèze in Tulle. Corrèze is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 285 communes (municipalities) in Corrèze.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[5]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
191 Brive-la-Gaillarde Brive-la-Gaillarde 129,478   1,526.4   84.8 98
192 Tulle Tulle 78,329   2,564.4   30.5 118
193 Ussel Ussel 32,974   1,766.1   18.7 69

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Corrèze department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[6]

  1. Allassac
  2. Argentat
  3. Brive-la-Gaillarde-1
  4. Brive-la-Gaillarde-2
  5. Brive-la-Gaillarde-3
  6. Brive-la-Gaillarde-4
  7. Égletons
  8. Haute-Dordogne
  9. Malemort-sur-Corrèze
  10. Midi Corrézien
  11. Naves
  12. Plateau de Millevaches
  13. Saint-Pantaléon-de-Larche
  14. Sainte-Fortunade
  15. Seilhac-Monédières
  16. Tulle
  17. Ussel
  18. Uzerche
  19. L'Yssandonnais

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Corrèze are known, in French, as Corréziens (women: Corréziennes).[7]

Corrèze has a population, in 2013, of 240,781, [2] for a population density of 41.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Brive-la-Gaillarde, with 129,478 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Tulle and Ussel, have respectively 78,329 and 38,116 inhabitants.[5]

The city with more people living in it is Brive-la-Gaillarde (46,794) and not the capitalː Tulle (14,323).[5]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)[5]
Arrondissement
Brive-la-Gaillarde 268,456 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Tulle 14,323 Tulle
Ussel 9,702 Ussel
Malemort-sur-Corrèze 7,522 Brive-la-Gaillarde

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de La Corrèze (19) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-19. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Corrèze" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/19his.html. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  4. "Brive-la-Gaillarde, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598807&cityname=Brive-la-Gaillarde%2C+Limousin%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 19-Corrèze" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=19&annee=2013. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  6. "Décret n° 2014-228 du 24 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Corrèze" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028658274. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  7. "Corrèze (19)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/correze-19. Retrieved 7 July 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]